Bachelor of Arts in Literature
Degree Codes: Program- AB Plan- AB-LIT


BACHELOR OF ARTS IN LITERATURE PROGRAM (60 Units)
DEPARTMENT OF LITERATURE
De La Salle University


THE AB LITERATURE PROGRAM

The Bachelor of Arts major in Literature Program is an answer to De La Salle University’s felt need of enriching its curricula with studies in the humanities.  The University believes that the creation of a whole Christian person necessitates a firm foundation in major aspects of literary scholarship – literary studies, creative writing, and cultural studies.

Thus, the Literature Program aims to establish De La Salle University as a center for literary studies and creative writing imbued with a sense of social responsibility.  It commits itself to the development, promotion, and teaching of subjects that will not only shape the students’ humanistic spirit but also instill in them a consciousness of their cultural heritage. 

The objectives of the Literature Program are to:


  • Equip students with knowledge of the techniques, forms, modes, theories, and traditions relevant to the production and study of literature.
  • Train students in the writing and reading of creative and critical texts, and to introduce them to the methods and principles of scholarship.
  • Address the key issues and gaps in literary and cultural studies and make significant contributions to the discourse and scholarship.
  • Prepare students for a career in teaching, scholarship, creative writing, publishing, law and corporate communications, or any career dealing with the imaginative and critical use of language.

Graduates of the Literature Program should be able to:


  • Possess adequate knowledge of literary forms and traditions, modes, and techniques as well as critical or theoretical terms and movements crucial to the writing and reading of literary and cultural texts.
  • Demonstrate critical and creative thinking skills in the study of literature and culture.
  • Communicate effectively in Filipino and English.
  • Produce creative texts as contribution to the existing body of imaginative literature.
  • Conduct research on literary and cultural texts to fill in the gaps in their chosen genres and fields of study.
  • Deepen their understanding of the evolving state of literary and cultural scholarship in the Philippines and the Asia-Pacific.
  • Appreciate and promote their cultural heritage.
  • Develop their awareness of epistemes and socio-cultural practices from varied cultures and synthesize different realms of knowledge and material practices.
  • Cultivate a spirit of ethical inquiry within the academe and in the community at large towards a more just society.
  • Embark on a career in teaching, scholarship and creative writing, publishing, law, advertising and media, corporate communications, or any career requiring the imaginative and critical use of language.

The Department believes that the students must be allowed to further their grounding in one of the three areas: literary studies, creative writing and cultural studies.  Given the demand for training in creative writing and cultural studies, a literature major should be equipped with the skills expected not only of a literary scholar but also of a creative writer and cultural studies specialist.

The literary studies/comparative literature courses are designed to provide students with adequate training in literary scholarship, theory and criticism, and Philippine literature.  It is hoped that majors who specialize in literature will help further the growth of marginalized literatures and contribute to both the building and the critique of canons of literature in the Philippines as well as the Asia-Pacific.   This area of concentration, literature, is complemented by the courses in creative writing and cultural studies.

The creative writing courses are designed to develop the literary and creative talents of students who are seriously committed to writing, and who have the potential to become good writers.  Under the guidance of experienced writers and teachers, through interaction with peers and professional writers, and constant exposure to literary activities, the students will have sufficient opportunities to learn the proper artistic techniques, to hone their craft further, and to become productive and socially responsible writers.       

Cultural studies deals with questions of culture, problematizing issues and concerns of cultural change and articulating new and non-traditional theoretical perspectives in the study of culture. With the offering of cultural studies courses, the department hopes to create opportunities for multidisciplinary/anti-disciplinary fora among Filipino scholars in the national and international scenes.   Topics include cultural production of arts and media, cyber technology and globalization, pop culture, gender and sexuality, language and ideology, nation/nationalism, community formations, neo-colonial and postcolonial relations, region and ethnicity.  Literature nevertheless will serve as a point of convergence for all these cultural concerns, topics and issues.

A literature degree prepares students for any career requiring a strong liberal arts background, creative and critical thinking, and communicative competence in writing.  Graduates will pursue careers in publishing, mass media, advertising, public relations, foreign service, domestic tourism, teaching, NGO work, research, professional work in the arts, or any other fields requiring skills that deal imaginatively and critically with language and cultures.  Others will go on to pursue graduate studies leading to either a master’s degree or a doctorate.  A literature degree is also an adequate background for the study and practice of law since logical thinking, creative imagination, interpretative skills, and facility in exact communication are important tools in this profession. 

Since its inception, the Literature Program has produced graduates who have made and are still making significant contributions to Philippine arts and letters.

ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS

Each applicant to the program must accomplish these requirements:


  • Submission of the following documents:

    1. A photocopy of the current Enrollment Assessment Form (EAF)
    2. A complete application form
    3. Samples of previous writing


  • Average grade of 2.0 for the two basic English courses (ENGLCOM and ENGLRES) and a minimum grade of 2.5 in HUMALIT.

  • A CGPA of 2.0

  • A passing mark in the qualifying examination and interview with the Undergraduate Program Coordinator.
COURSE REQUIREMENTS

The Literature Major Program has a total of 60 units that may be broken down as follows:

Core Courses

24

units

Major Courses

24

units

Major Electives

6

units

Language Courses

6

units

Total

60

units


OTHER POLICIES

Upon acceptance to the program, a literature major is given a probationary period of two terms wherein he or she needs to retain a CGPA of 2.5 for his or her lit major subjects.  Students who fail to meet the required CGPA in their first term will be given a warning; in their second term, will be removed from the program.

He or she may not incur a 0.0 during the probationary period and must enroll in the major subjects indicated in the flowchart and prescribed by the Undergraduate Program Coordinator.

Before proceeding to thesis writing, a literature major must pass the written comprehensive examinations (WCE).

Aside from the thesis, the culminating course of the program is the practicum or on-the-job training (OJT).  The course requires students to work in one of four areas of apprenticeship: Teaching (as Teacher’s Assistant at the Literature Department), Literary Research (as Research Assistant to a Literature faculty), Publishing (primarily as proofreader/writer for a publication), and Cultural Practice (as assistant in research projects, events organizing, exhibits, etc., at institutions like the Cultural Center of the Philippines, the Instituto Cervantes, the Museum at DLSU-Manila, and the Bienvenido N. Santos Creative Writing Center).


THE LITERATURE MAJOR SUBJECTS

CORE COURSES  (24 UNITS)


Introduction to Fiction  / The World of Fiction (3 units)

Intermediate level study of fiction and traditions.

Introduction to Poetry / The World of Poetry (3 units)

Intermediate level study of poetry and traditions.

Introduction to Drama / The World of Drama (3 units)

Intermediate level study of drama and traditions. 

Literary Theory and Criticism (3 units)

Introduction to theories of literary criticism from the beginnings in ancient China and Greece to contemporary theories and criticism. 

Introduction to Literary and Cultural Studies (3 units)

Introduction to theoretical and critical perspectives in literary and cultural studies.    

Creative Writing for Literature Majors (3 units)

Introduction to creative writing, aimed at honing the craft of students writing poetry, fiction, drama, and/or nonfiction.

Writing for Literature Majors (3 units)

Training in literary research and academic writing, from short critical essays to longer research papers; covers style as well as mechanics.

Thesis (3 units)

MAJOR COURSES (24 UNITS)


Literary History of the Philippines (3 units)

Study of the influences, traditions, movements, trends and issues in Philippine literary developments. 

Philippine Masterpieces 1 (3 units)

Introductory survey course on Philippine literary masterpieces. 

Philippine Masterpieces 2 (3 units)

A continuation of Philippine Masterpieces 1; a study of Philippine literary masterpieces.

World Literature 1 (3 units)

A study of world literature from antiquity to the Middle Ages.

World Literature 2 (3 units)

A study of world literature from 1500 to 1940.

Contemporary Literature (3 units)

A study of contemporary literary texts from different countries and continents.

Southeast Asian Literature (3 units)

Special topics in the study of Southeast Asian literature.

Practicum for Literature Majors (3 units)

A practicum course for literature majors which may be teaching literature (strategies and theories of teaching literature at the tertiary level), apprenticeship in publishing (training in the literary publishing process, with particular emphasis on the literary editing aspects of bookmaking), or cultural practice (an integrative examination of culture and development, involving training in cultural/art institutions).

MAJOR ELECTIVES   (6 units)

Depending on the field of specialization (LS/CL, CW, or CS), the student chooses two courses in any of these topics:  genre, creative writing, period, continental and comparative literature, Philippine literature, theory, literature and the arts, literature and the social sciences, literature and the natural sciences, and cultural studies.

Creative Writing

Fiction Writing Techniques (3 units)

The course introduces students to basic fiction writing techniques using different stories as models.  It guides them through the process of creating stories, from pre-writing to revision using writing exercises and workshops.

Poetry Writing Techniques (3 units)

The course introduces students to basic poetry writing techniques using different poems as models. It guides them through the process of crafting poems, from pre-writing to revision using writing exercises and workshops.

Drama Writing Techniques (3 units)

The course introduces students to basic drama writing techniques using different plays as models. It guides them through the process of creating plays, from pre-writing to revision using writing exercises and workshops.

Nonfiction Writing Techniques (3 units)

The course introduces students to basic nonfiction writing techniques using different nonfiction works as models. It guides them through the process of writing nonfiction through writing exercises and workshops.

Workshop I (3 units)

This is a full-term creative writing course where students read critically and assess the quality of their creative work as well as their peers’. The workshop is an application of critical reading and literary editing skills within the framework of formalism, meant to help students in the re-vision of their creative work by honing their writing techniques and style.  

Workshop II (3 units)

This course/workshop is designed to strengthen the students’ creative and critical eye and to deepen their understanding of their poetics and practice of the literary arts. By the end of this workshop, students present their proposed writing project for their senior’s creative thesis. Fellowships in national and regional workshops may be credited for the course.

Cultural Studies

Introduction to Philippine Cultural Studies (3 units)

An introduction to the different theoretical and critical perspectives in Philippine cultural studies. Explores the hidden history of this tradition, from the ilustrados (e.g. Rizal, de los Reyes) up to the present (e.g. Nick Joaquin, Soledad Reyes, Bienvenido Lumbera, Roland Tolentino). Will also tackle some of the standard founding fathers of Cultural Studies (e.g. Hall, Barthes, Williams, etc.)

Philippine Cultural History (3 units)

An examination and exploration of Philippine cultural forms through history.

Survey of Philippine Arts (3 units)

A historical survey of the various Philippine art forms of the 20th century. 

Critical Debates in Cultural Studies (3 units)

The course explores the contentious issues in Cultural Studies, including the various debates between modernists and postmodernists, poststructuralists vs. Marxists, idealists vs. materialists, etc.

Literature and Diaspora (3 units)

Beginning with a philological examination of the origins of this concept, the course will study the cultural production of certain current diasporas (e.g. Filipino, Indian, Chinese, Jewish, African, etc.) to examine the role of culture in creating and perpetuating a diasporic identity ideologically tied to yet physically separated from a "homeland." The course studies how the Filipino OCW and immigrant experience, and the conditions which fuel the Filipino diaspora, are represented in literatures written by and about Filipinos living abroad.

Critical Writing (3 units)

A writing course deploying specific methods and approaches of different kinds of criticism.

Region and Ethnicity in Philippine Cultures (3 units)

An exploration of the concepts and issues related to region and ethnicity in various Philippine cultural forms.

Cultural Practice [Practicum](3 units)

An integrative examination of culture and development, focusing on the various forms of cultural practices.

Philippine Literature

Mythology and Folklore  (3 units)

A study of the myths and folk literature in the Philippines, highlighting their social contexts and their contribution to the formation of a national identity.

Philippine American Literature (3 units)

A study of literature by Filipino writers with American citizenship, practicing their craft in the US.

Philippine Literature in English (3 units)


A study of the development of Philippine literature in English.

Philippine Epics (3 units)

An appreciation course on the Philippine epics, featuring substantial excerpts from epics already in print.

Philippine Theater (3 units)

The historical development of Philippine theater.

Philippine Novel (3 units)

The historical development of the Philippine novel from 1885 to the present.

Philippine Fiction (3 units)

The historical development of Philippine short story from 1914 to the present.

Philippine Poetry (3 units)

The historical development of Philippine poetry.

Sub-Genres



Children's Literature/Juvenile Literature

(3 units)

Fiction, poetry and drama for children, pre-adolescents, and adolescents.

Fantasy in Fiction (3 units)

Study of a special and recognized type of fiction categorized as "fantasy" which are creations of high imagination, that is, the magical, the dream-like, the mythical, or the quintessential, unrestricted by reality.  Its main purpose is to fulfill the deep human need that may not be gratified in the real world experience, and, within the purview of the learner, it delights, instructs, and it allows the immediacy of participation in the fictionist's reproduction of heroes and situations which enhance as it awakens creativity, wisdom, and the enduring ideal in man. 

Science Fiction (3 units)

An introductory course designed to acquaint the students with the genre known as science fiction.  The course begins with theories on the concerns or narrative structures found in science fiction and moves on to examples of science fiction from the 70s to the present. 

Detective Fiction (3 units)

Introduction to the literature of detection which is variously called "thriller," "whodunit," "tee story," "mystery," and "crime story."

Horror Fiction (3 units)

An introductory course designed to acquaint the students with the genre known as horror fiction.

Popular Literature (3 units)

The course will define literature today in all its various forms and media from visual to virtual, whatever is considered beyond the mainstream and outside academic confines. In doing so, it hopes to facilitate the recognition, understanding, utilization and appreciation of these new forms and render them accessible and comprehensible as literature to the general populace.

Gender and Literature

Woman in Literature (3 units)

A survey course in literature where students will learn how both female and male writers have constructed gender, sexuality, and the power dynamics in such construction in specific cultural and historical context.  Feminist reading strategies will be used.

Man in Literature (3 units)

A study of the constructions and representations of heterosexual male characters or personas in selected literary texts using new perspectives on culture, society, gender and sexuality.

Gay and Lesbian Literature (3 units)


An introduction to the works of gay and lesbian writers from Asia, North and South America, and Europe.

World Literature



Asian Literature (3 units)


Special topics in the study of Asian (excluding Southeast Asian) literature, such as major authors, major traditions, literary histories of one or more countries, and major themes. 

Literature of Australia and New Zealand (3 units)

Special Topics in the study of the literature of Australia and New Zealand.

South American Literature (3 units)


Special Topics in the study of South American literature.

African Literature (3 units)


Special Topics in the study of African literature.

European Literature (3 units)


Special Topics in the study of European literature.

American Literature (3 units)


Special Topics in the study of American literature.

British Literature (3 units)

Special Topics in the study of British literature.

Shakespeare (3 units)

A study of selected plays and poetry by Shakespeare.

Comparative Literature (3 units)


A seminar on special topics and issues in Comparative Literature.

Translation (3 units, c/o The Filipino Department)

A study of the theories and principles of literary translation; output is a translation into English of a literary text originally written in a Philippine vernacular.

Writing Special Forms

Future Fiction Writing (3 units)

This course introduces students to the best examples or models of science fiction, which they are expected to read critically for techniques. Such techniques are expected to be used in their writing exercises/projects of this category of fiction. Major literary prizes in the Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature won in this category can be credited for the course.

Detective Fiction Writing (3 units)

This course introduces students to the best examples or models of detective fiction, which they are expected to read critically for techniques. Such techniques are expected to be applied in their writing exercises/ projects of this category of fiction.

Writing Fiction for Children (3 units)

This course introduces students to the best examples or models of children’s fiction, which they are expected to read critically for techniques. Such techniques are expected to be used in their writing exercises/project. Major literary prizes in the Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature won in this category can be credited for the course.

Writing Travel Narratives (3 units)

This is an introductory course to the techniques needed in writing engaging travel narratives. A significant part of the course looks into the representative texts of travel literature and what they reveal of the motivations of people traveling across geographical and cultural boundaries. The course also examines metaphors for which travel has been used as a life-motif and the corresponding material culture, e.g. maps, ship’s logs, diaries, letters, memoirs, etc. that came out of the act of travel. Students are expected to apply techniques in their writing exercises/project. Major prizes in the Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature won for a travel narrative in the personal essay category may be credited for the course.

Writing Metafiction (3 units)

The course introduces students to the techniques of metafiction through the critical reading of the best samples or models of the form. Using the traditional short story form as point of reference, the course looks into the departures proposed by metafiction and its philosophical, cultural and material basis in the late 20th up to the early 21st century. Students are expected to apply the techniques in their writing exercises/project.

Special Topics in Creative Writing 

Writing the Marvelous Real (3 units)

The course focuses on the best samples of South American literature of the marvelous real. It also explores the relationship between the marvelous and the factual in the many incarnations of this literary style.

Writing and Speaking the Word (3 units)

The course uses the point of view of the performer in studying the interstices and intersections between literature as written text (read silently or aloud) and literature as text spoken from memory. Students read on both critical and performance levels by exploring the connections between body and language, voice and tone, sound and sense, using the best samples from the tradition of poetry as vocal performance, e.g. epic chanting, beat poetry and rap. Students perform in a poetry recital/concert as a final project.

Interdisciplinary Topics in Creative Writing

Gender and Writing (3 units)

The course is on the relationship between gender and imaginative writing and explores how gender as subject-position is inscribed in what one writes, maps one’s sense of self, defines who one is and offers the means and strategies  for re-writing identity.

Dreams and Writing (3 untis)

The course explores the relationship between the subconscious and the conscious in creative writing. It uses the findings of cognitive psychology on the way the mind perceives, creates and remembers images to understand how these images are the material for one’s writing. It also studies the techniques and style of literary texts which have oneiric qualities and characteristics, like the works of the surrealist writers as well as the stream of consciousness style of narration found in James Joyce and Virginia Woolf.

Virtual Space and Writing (3 units)

The course investigates the various forms of literary texts in the virtual world. Such texts create different sets of conditions for reading and writing than the conditions set by texts printed on paper. It also investigates the postmodern assertion that “the book is dead,” as well as the discourses to the contrary, like the arguments of Sven Birkerts in “The Gutenberg Elegies” on the primacy of the printed word.

Writing and the Scientific Mind (3 units)

The course explores the interplay between the creative human imagination and the scientific mind, focusing on works by scientists like naturalist Loren Eisely, mathematician Alfred North Whitehead, biologist Lewis Thomas, archeologist and philosopher Teilhard de Chardin, whose articulation of their pursuit of knowledge and truth is in the language of imaginative writing.

The Healing Arts and Writing (3 units)

The course examines the concept of illness as metaphor articulated by Susan Sontag and other writers. It delves into the relationship between writing and the healing arts and explores the ideas/practices put forward by medical doctors on the healing process mediated by imaginative writing.

Writing and the Spirit (3 units)

This course uses the metaphor of life as a spiritual journey and focuses on the study of literary and mystical writings through the ages that speak of the spirit in all its various human conceptions.

Writing and the Body (3 units)

This course studies literary texts where the relationship between language and the body is articulated in various ways. It also explores the concepts of eros and thanatos in literature, as well as the physical and philosophical concepts on the flesh.

Writing the Sports Hero (3 units)

The course focuses on the best samples of fiction written about sports heroes. It is a study of the archetype of the hero, from the Greek model to the present popular sports personalities; it also explores concepts of heroism in winning or losing competitive games.

Writing and the Para-Normal (3 units)

This course studies literary texts that explore para-normal or supernatural phenomenon. It also explores our human relationship to the mysterious and inexplicable in the world.

Writing and the Law (3 units)

This course studies literary texts that explore the depths of our human concepts of justice and the law, crime and punishment, culpability and innocence.

Music and Writing (3 units)

This course looks into the collaborative possibilities between music and the literary forms by studying musical forms like the opera, the musicale or the choral piece, which rely on librettos in giving aesthetic pleasure.

Writing and Peace (3 units)

This course examines literary texts that advocate the human ideal of peace between peoples of different cultures. This study of literary mediations and interventions as part of the process of creating a peaceful world also requires the study of how literary texts can offer radical solutions and ways towards peace.

Writing and Witnessing (3 units)

This course studies the literature of witness of those who have lived in war-torn places of the world but have survived to speak/tell/write about their experiences of human brutality. The course also focuses on ways of articulating such experiences human violence and violations towards healing and not towards more violence.

Writing the Visual-Verbal Image (3 units)

The course studies the intertextuality of the visual arts and the literary arts using literary texts inspired by, based on, written after, or interrogating a painting, a sculpture, a photograph. It explores the similarities and differences in the ways of seeing of a visual artist and a literary artist in terms of perspective, compositional values, etc. 

Writing and the Poetics of Space (3 units)

The course explores the relationship between poetry and architecture by looking into the poetics of space and the architectonics of poetry.

Writing and Ecology (3 units)

This course studies literary texts that articulate the human need and wisdom to preserve and conserve our ecology.

Para-Literary Careers (3 units)

A seminar course on the professions that are allied to a life of creative writing and supports it on the pragmatic level. It studies the lives of writers who held successful careers contiguous with but different from their writing life and explores the tensions engendered by the world in an artist who needs to write on one hand and one who needs to earn a livelihood on another.

Special Topics in Cultural Studies

Philippine Pop Culture (3 units)

A course that is designed to facilitate the recognition, understanding, utilization and appreciation of the basic theories of, approaches to, and topics within popular culture, specifically artifacts of Philippine popular culture: their origins, meanings, the interests they serve, and the many reasons for their appeal.

Literature, Religion and Culture (3 units)

An exploration of religious and cultural themes and implications through a variety of literary expressions.

Literature and Nationalism in Southeast Asia (3 units)

A survey of various "nationalist" writers of Southeast Asia (e.g. Rizal, Amado V. Hernandez, Pramoedya Ananta Toer and others) and an examination with the ways in which their work contests or promotes the agendas of the "official nationalism" of the State in their country.

Literature and Technoculture (3 units)

The course will introduce students to technology vis-a-vis the written word and will explore the impact of the worldwide technological revolution on literature. From the papyrus to Gutenberg's printing press, from bits to bytes to hypernarratives, the course will facilitate the recognition, appreciation and understanding of literature amidst our ever changing world.

Literature and Film (3 units)

This course is intended to give students the intellectual ability to situate film, as a mass cultural phenomenon, in a literary context, to expose students to positions and arguments within film theory and to familiarize students with the fundamentals of film analysis. This course will facilitate the students' appreciation not just of the written word but also of its filmic counterpart. Novels and films from the "Third World" could be emphasized to wean the Filipino student away from Eurocentrism/America-centrism.

Seminars in Cultural Studies (3 units)

A seminar course focusing on individual thinkers and cultural historians, these courses will immerse students in the works of individual Cultural Studies theorists, with the objective of providing a substantial understanding of their contributions to the field.

Language and Power  (3 units)

An examination of the interconnectedness of language and society, how language perpetuates power struggles. Issues to be examined will include: linguistic hierarchies in the Philippines; colonization through language; language and class hierarchies; language and gender; orality vs. literacy;  English vs. Fillipino in the Philippine academy.

Space and Power in the Philippines (3 units)

Inquiry into theories of space from various disciplines including architecture, geography, anthropology, history, philosohy and literature. Will include a survey of critical writings on Philippine architecture and their significance across various intersecting parameters (e.g. economic, artistic, symbolic, etc). Writers could include Nick Joaquin and Roland Tolentino; topics could include the "edifice complex" of the late Marcos dictatorship, the American construction/destruction of Manila, etc.

Philippine Culture and Society (3 units)

An examination of Philippine cultural relations in society.

Politics and Arts in the Philippines (3 units)

An examination of the role of politics and its interventions in Philippine art.

Philippine Visual Arts (3 units)

A course designed to introduce the students to the major works of Philippine visual artists and to showcase the various artistic movements and styles utilized and being utilized by the renowned masters and contemporary artists.

Theatre for Transformation (3 units)

The course explores the roles of theatre in social transformations through a study of works, theater groups or movements, and individual writers considered significant in the field of "socially engaged" theater.

Representations of the Environment (3 units)

A survey course examining Filipino attitudes towards the natural environment as seen in various historical and contemporary literatures.

Philippine Oral Narratives/Orality and Literacy in the Philippines (3 units)

This course would begin by considering theories of literacy vs. orality (e.g. Walter Ong, Claude Levi Strauss, etc). before looking at "texts" which embody the conflict/interaction between these two modes of human existence in the Philippines.

Nation and Narration (3 units)

How is a Nation constructed through narratives of unity, solidarity, suffering, redemption, betrayal, etc.? This course will consider the use of tropes like these in both fictional and non-fictional writing, all pertaining to the theme of nation building in the Philippines and elsewhere in the Third World.

Ethnographic Literature (3 units)

A survey course on ethnographic representations through literary expressions.

Pinoy Food Culture (3 units)

An exploration into the general topic of food and culture with emphasis on Philippine cultural contexts. The role of food within specific communities and the food's relevance to cultural identities and practices will be explored.

Beauty and Power (3 units)

An examination of the various concepts of beauty as depicted in cultural and literary texts. Alternative views of beauty in the contexts of power relations will be given emphasis.             

Colonialism and Post-coloniality in Literatures (3 units)

A survey couse on various colonial and postcolonial literatures. This course could include classic anti-colonial theorists (e.g. Fanon, Sison, Cabral, Soyinka, Chinweizu, Nandi, Amin) and current theorists of post-colonialism (e.g. Baba, Spivak, Rushdie, etc.).

Marxism and Literature (3 units)

A survey of the categories and concepts of Marxist literary critics including Fredric Jameson, Terry Eagleton, Raymond Williams, Georg Lukacs, Roland Barthes, etc.

Philippine Musical Culture (3 units)

A survey of various musical forms in Philippine cultural history.

Unthinking Eurocentrism (3 units)

A course examining the history of classical Eurocentric ideas, their impact on Filipino thinkers, and contemporary Filipino and international efforts to theorize critical and ethical alternatives.

Globalization and Its Impact on Culture (3 units)

Examines the local and international impacts of "globalization" or transnational corporate capitalism on national economies, identities and cultures.

LANGUAGE REQUIREMENTS (6 units)


Spanish 1 (3 units)


Introductory study of Spanish

Spanish 2 (3 units)

Intermediate study of Spanish.

TOTAL: 60 UNITS