Undergraduate Degree Programs
Numerous service learning and research opportunities are integrated into classes taught by our nationallyrecognized faculty.
 Bachelor of Science (BS) in Biochemistry
 BS in Biology
 BS in Chemistry
 BS in Chemistry major in Food Science
 BS in Chemistry minor in Business Studies
 BS in Human Biology
 BS in Mathematics with specialization in Business Applications
 BS in Mathematics with specialization in Computer Applications
 BS in Statistics Major in Actuarial Science
 BS in Physics Minor in Economics
 BS in Physics Minor in Finance
 BS in Physics with specialization in Materials Science
 BS in Physics with specialization in Medical Instrumentation
 BS in Premed Physics
Bachelor of Science in BioChemistry
Biochemistry, the study of the molecules of life, encompasses chemical tools to provide an understanding of biological processes at the molecular level. Biochemistry now enjoys a premier spot in researches worldwide. The BS Biochemistry program is aimed at producing welltrained graduates with a sound understanding of chemical and biological concepts. The program is an excellent background for those who want to be admitted to a school of medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine. In addition, graduates are qualified to take the Chemistry Licensure Examination conducted by the Professional Regulation Commission and become licensed chemists.
Table 1. Summary of the BS Chemistry major in Food Science curriculum
DLSU  CHED Minimum Requirements for BS Chem 

General Education Courses  50 units  50 units 
Lasallian Core Curriculum  12  
Foundation Courses  14  
Chemistry  63 (Core)  54 
Electives  6  6 
Thesis + Practicum  6  6 
Other Science Courses  23  14 
Program specific Courses  13 (Biology) 8 (Biochemistry) 

Total Number of Units  186 + (9) units  124 + (6) units 
Duration  12 terms 
Program Outcomes
Critical and creative thinker
 demonstrate a conceptual understanding and problemsolving skills in the fields of analytical, organic, inorganic, biochemistry, and physical chemistry
 show a depth of knowledge in Food Science reflecting an appropriate level of specialization and relate concepts to those of other disciplines
 able to dissect a problem into its key features; develop problemsolving skills relating to qualitative and quantitative information
 demonstrate skills in data collection, analysis, statistical evaluation and interpretation of results
 able to plan experiments, understand their limitations and develop suitable alternative procedures and methods
Effective communicator
 able to present scientific information in a clear and concise manner and to discuss them intelligently and confidently both orally and in writing
 able to collaborate with other researchers and work in a team
 able to comprehend, explore and evaluate ideas and express them clearly, logically and coherently
Reflective lifelong learner
 acquire study and selfdevelopment skills needed for continuing professional development and lifelong learning
 able to reactively and proactively identify and address biochemical medical issues and trends
 able to recognize dynamics between biochemistry and the medical and health sciences
Service – driven citizen
 exercise ethical principles and social responsibility in his / her professional and personal endeavors
 practice effective interpersonal skills in order to interact peacefully with others
 apply critical thinking skills to solve problems and generate designs, systems or products relating to chemistry and/or food science for the purpose of improving human life and meeting current needs of society
Table 2. Summary of Units
Term 1  Term 2  Term 3  
Year 1  17 (1)  16 (3)  16 (3) 
Year 2  18 (1)  18  19 
Year 3  16 (1)  17  18 
Year 4  18  4  13 
Lasallian Core Curriculum
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
LASARE1  Lasallian Recollection 1  0 
LASARE2  Lasallian Recollection 2  0 
LASARE3  Lasallian Recollection 3  0 
LCLSONE  Lasallian Studies 1  (1) 
LCLSTWO  Lasallian Studies 2  (1) 
LCLSTRI  Lasallian Studies 3  (1) 
LCASEAN  The Filipino and ASEAN  3 
LCENWRD  Encountering the Word in the World  3 
Total  6 + (3) 
General Education Courses
NSTPC1/R1  NSTP ProgramCivic Welfare Training Service Military Science 1  (3) 
NSTPC2/R2  NSTP ProgramCivic Welfare Training Service Military Science 1  (3) 
GEFTWEL  Physical Fitness and Wellness  2 
GEDANCE  Physical Fitness and Wellness in Dance  2 
GESPORT  Physical Fitness and Wellness in Individual/Dual Sports  2 
GETEAMS  Physical Fitness and Wellness in Team Sports  3 
GEMATMW  Math in the Modern World  3 
GEFILI1  Introduksiyon sa Filipinolohiya  3 
GEFILI2  Mga Usaping Pangwika sa iba’tibang Larangan  3 
GEUSELF  Understanding the Self  3 
GEARTAP  Art Appreciation  3 
GEETHIC  Ethics  3 
GERIZAL  Life and Works of Rizal  3 
GESTSOC  Science, Technology and Society  3 
GERPHIS  Readings in Philippine History  3 
GEWORLD  The Contemporary World  3 
GEPCOMM  Purposive Communication  3 
GELITPH  Literatures of the Philippines  3 
Total  60+ (6) 
Chemistry Courses
Course Code  Course Title  No. of Units 
KEMPRN1  Principles of Chemistry 1  3 
KEMPRN2  Principles of Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM10  Principles of Chemistry laboratory  2 
KEMINO1  Inorganic Chemistry  3 
KEMORG1  Organic Chemistry 1  3 
LBYKM31  Organic Chemistry 1 laboratory  2 
KEMANA1  Analytical Chemistry 1  3 
LBYKM21  Analytical Chemistry 1 Laboratory  2 
KEMORG2  Organic Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM32  Organic Chemistry 2 Laboratory  2 
KEMANA2  Analytical Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM22  Analytical Chemistry 2 laboratory  2 
KEMBIO1  Biochemistry 1  3 
LBYKM41  Biochemistry 1 laboratory  1 
KEMINO2  Inorganic Chemistry 2  1 
KEMORG3  Organic Chemistry 3  3 
KEMANA3  Analytical Chemistry 3  1 
LBYKM23  Analytical Chemistry 3 laboratory  3 
KEMBIO2  Biochemistry 2  1 
KEMPYS1  Physical Chemistry 1  3 
LBYKM51  Physical Chemistry 1 Laboratory  1 
LBYKM42  Biochemistry 2 laboratory  3 
KEMPYS2  Physical Chemistry 2  1 
LBYKM52  Physical Chemistry 2 laboratory  2 
KEMPYS3  Physical Chemistry 3  3 
KEMRESC  Chemistry Research  3 
KEMSEMI  Chemistry Seminar  3 
KEMBEL1  Biochemistry Elective 1  3 
KEMBEL2  Biochemistry Elective 2  3 
Total  73 
Practicum + Thesis
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
PRCBCHM  Practicum  3 
THSBCMA  Thesis 1  1 
THSBCMB  Thesis 2  1 
THSBCMC  Thesis 3  1 
Total  6 
Biochemistry Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
KEMBGEN  Biochemistry of the Gene  3 
LBYKM43  Biochemistry of the Gene laboratory  1 
KEMBPYS  Physical Biochemistry  3 
LBYKM53  Physical Biochemistry laboratory  1 
LBYKM44  Food Microbiology laboratory  1 
Total  8 
Biology Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
Comparative Anatomy lecture  3  
Comparative Anatomy laboratory  2  
Industrial Microbiology lecture  2  
Industrial Microbiology laboratory  1  
Physiology lecture  3  
Physiology laboratory  2  
Total  13 
Foundation Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
BASMATH  Mathematics Foundation Course  5 
BASPHYS  Physics Foundation Course  3 
BASSTAT  Statistics Foundation Course  3 
BASBIOL  Biology Foundation Course  3 
Total  14 
Other Science Courses
Course Code  Course Title  No. of Units 
Physics 1  3  
Physics 2  3  
Physics 1 (Lab)  1  
Physics 2 (Lab)  1  
KEMSTAT  Chemometrics  3 
KEMATH1  Math Analysis 1  3 
KEMATH2  Math Analysis 2  3 
KEMATH3  Math Analysis 3  3 
DIFEQUA  Differential Equations  3 
Total  23 
Course Descriptions
Foundation Courses
Basic Biology, 3 units  This is a lecture course on the general concepts and principles in Biology which includes an overview on basic biological chemistry, cell structures and functions, cell metabolism, reproduction, genetics, evolution and classification of living organisms. It emphasizes the study of the organ systems of vascular plants and vertebrate (mammalian) animals with reference to other groups as needed. 
Basic Mathematics, 5 units  This is a course on precalculus covering the following topics: Basics of algebra, equations and inequalities in one variable, functions and their graphs, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometric functions, trigonometric identities, inverse trigonometric functions, trigonometric equations, polar coordinate system, coordinates and lines, curve sketching, conic sections, systems of equations, sequences, mathematical induction, and the binomial theorem. 
Basic Physics, 3 units  This is a study of the conceptual foundations of Newtonian mechanics, electricity and magnetism. In examining the concepts mentioned and its relevant consequences, vector methods, as well as the basic concepts of calculus will be used. 
Basic Statistics, 3 units  This is a course covering basic rules of probability, discrete and continuous probability distributions, and introduction to inferential statistics. 
Core Chemistry Courses
Level 1
Principles of Chemistry, 3 units  This course emphasizes fundamental chemical concepts and inorganic structures. Topics to be discussed include atomic and molecular structure, the periodic table and periodicity, chemical bonding, thermochemistry, kinetics and reaction rates, chemical equilibrium, acidbase and solubility equilibria and basic thermodynamics. 
Principles of Chemistry laboratory, 2 units  This course develops basic chemistry laboratory skills. It includes experiments and exercises illustrating the concepts covered in Principles of Chemistry. A more detailed discussion of topics not covered extensively in the lecture is provided through additional experiments and exercises. 
Inorganic Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course is devoted to the study of the principles and trends in the chemistry of the elements and the essentials of structure, bonding and reactivity of inorganic systems. Topics include electrochemistry, reductionoxidation reactions, nuclear chemistry, descriptive chemistry of nonmetals and metals. 
Organic Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course is devoted to the study of the structure and stereochemistry, nomenclature, physical properties including infrared, nuclear magnetic and mass spectroscopic analysis, and synthesis and reactivity of organic molecules. Reaction mechanisms are discussed. The first course covers the alkanes, alkyl halides, alcohols, ethers, and epoxides. 
Organic Chemistry 1 laboratory, 2 units  This laboratory course is designed to develop skills and techniques in handling organic compounds. The course includes the isolation and purification of organic compounds and classical organic analysis. It provides the basic concepts and techniques involved in the determination of physical properties of organic compounds, qualitative analysis of organic compounds, and the separation and purification of organic mixtures. 
Analytical Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course is designed to give the student an understanding of the principles and practice of gravimetric and volumetric methods, potentiometry and spectrophotometry, analytical measurements and data analysis. 
Analytical Chemistry 1, 2 units laboratory  This course applies sampling, calibration, errors and statistical analysis to chemical determinations. Specific volumetric and spectrophotometric analytical techniques covered include aqueous solution equilibria involving acids and bases, complex formation, redox reactions, and solubility equilibria. 
Physical Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course provides the foundation in chemical thermodynamics, physical and chemical equilibria, and an introduction to statistical thermodynamics. 
Physical Chemistry 1 laboratory, 1 unit  This course applies the principles of thermodynamics, kinetics and spectroscopy in some illustrative experiments. It provides an interconnection between experimental observations and underlying theoretical principles in physical chemistry through a variety of physicochemical measurement techniques. 
Level 2
Inorganic Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is a continuation of Inorganic Chemistry 1. It is devoted to the study of the principles and trends in the chemistry of the elements and the essentials of structure, bonding and reactivity of inorganic systems. Topics include bonding theories, symmetry and group theory, crystalline solids, and structure, electronic spectroscopy, and reactions of coordination compounds. Selected topics in organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry and catalysis are introduced. 
Organic Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is a continuation of Organic Chemistry 1. It is devoted to the study of the structure and stereochemistry, nomenclature, physical properties including infrared, nuclear magnetic and mass spectroscopic analysis, and synthesis and reactivity of organic molecules. Reaction mechanisms are discussed. The functional classes of alkenes, alkynes, aromatic compounds, carbonyl compounds, carboxylic acids and derivatives, and amines are covered. 
Organic Chemistry 2 laboratory, 2 units  This course illustrates various types of organic reactions and their application in organic synthesis. It is designed to develop skills and techniques in the synthesis and characterization of organic compounds, including selected spectroscopic methods. 
Biochemistry 1, 3 units 
This course covers the fundamental aspects of biochemistry: the structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids and selected methods of analysis, as well as some processes involved in the flow of biological information. 
Biochemistry 1 laboratory, 1 unit  This laboratory course includes experiments on isolation and qualitative and quantitative tests of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acid; preparation of buffer solutions, enzyme assay, and enzyme kinetics. 
Analytical Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is designed to develop knowledge and skills for analytical separations and instrumental methods of analysis. Emphasis shall be placed on the principles of instrumentation, instrument components, the limitations of measurements, and the selection of appropriate techniques for specific analytical problems. 
Analytical Chemistry 2 laboratory, 2 units 
This course introduces chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques in chemical analysis. Methods include UVvisible spectroscopy, IR spectrometry, atomic absorption and emission spectrometry and fluorescence and phosphorescencebased methods; and liquid and gas chromatography. 
Physical Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is a continuation of Physical Chemistry 1. It covers the application of chemical thermodynamics to physical and chemical equilibrium systems, electrochemistry, transport properties, chemical kinetics and surface chemistry. 
Physical Chemistry 2 laboratory, 1 unit  A laboratory course covering experiments in electrochemistry, transference and conductance in electrolytic solutions, kinetics, absorption, polymer properties, radiochemistry and crystal structure. 
Level 3
Analytical Chemistry 3, 3 units  This course is designed to deepen the knowledge and skills in analytical chemistry particularly in the evaluation and assurance of quality in analytical data. It includes the application of statistics for the results of the evaluation of the results of chemical analysis, as well as principles and methods of quality assurance applied to the analytical chemistry laboratory. It also presents the principles of sampling, sample preparation and calibration. 
Analytical Chemistry 3 laboratory, 1 unit  This course encompasses a comprehensive approach in technical analysis, design and validation of experiments. The course is designed to hone the skills of chemistry students in laboratory techniques through the performance of industrial laboratory analyses and exposure to current good laboratory practices. 
Biochemistry 2, 3 units  This course covers bioenergetics, design and regulation of metabolic pathways; and specific molecular processes involved in the synthesis and degradation of major cellular components such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acid. 
Biochemistry 2 laboratory, 1 unit  This laboratory course introduces students to contemporary tools used in biochemistry and molecular biology including SDSPAGE, DNA/RNA extraction, PCR and agarose electrophoresis. 
Physical Chemistry 3, 3 units  This course is an introduction to the basic principles of quantum mechanics and its applications. It focuses on a conceptual understanding of quantum theory and the application of these and related concepts to solve chemical problems. The course traces the development of the atomic theory to quantum theory. The concepts and postulates of quantum mechanics are introduced and illustrated using simple systems including the particle in a box, the hydrogen atom, the helium atom, the hydrogen molecule ion, and the hydrogen molecule. 
Ancillary Courses
Math Analysis 1, 3 units  A first course in Analysis covering plane analytic geometry, limits and continuity, derivatives of algebraic functions, and their applications. 
Math Analysis 2, 3 units  A continuation of Analysis 1. It covers differentials, indefinite and definite integrals and their applications, derivatives and integrals of logarithmic and exponential functions, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, and techniques of integration. 
Physics 1 – Optics, 3 units  A study of the fundamental concepts of oscillations, waves and optics. It deals with simple harmonic motion, mechanical waves, vibrating bodies, acoustics, electromagnetic waves, and geometrical and physical optics. Some topics on relativity are also included. 
Physics 1 lab  This course supplements the topics discussed in the lecture class. Specifically, experiments in waves and optics are performed to provide the student concrete applications of concepts learned in the lecture class. 
Physics 2 – Electronics, 3 units  
Physics 2 – lab 
Elective Courses
Biochemistry Elective 1, 3 units  This course focuses on the molecular principles to explain the structure, function, dynamics and bioenergetics of biological membranes. The molecular basis of selected diseases and drug therapy is also included. 
Biochemistry Elective 2, 3 units  This course is an introduction to the biochemistry of foods of plant origin. The course is designed to give students a basic understanding of the biochemical components of plant foods and the changes that occur during the processing of specific food types. An overview of plant biochemistry, including discussions of photosynthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, nitrogen fixation, reduction and assimilation, is also included. 
Research and Professional Engagement
Thesis 1, 1 unit 
These courses allow the student to develop the research topic proposed in Chemistry Research, through experimentation. A defended oral presentation and the submission of the written scientific report is expected in the final course. 
Thesis 2, 1 unit  
Thesis 3, 1 unit  
Practicum, 3 units  This course provides students the opportunity to gain work experience and practical skills and develop desirable attitudes in the workplace under the supervision of a Chemistry Practicum Coordinator 
Biochemistry Courses
Physical Biochemistry, 3 units lecture + 1 unit laboratory 
This course covers fundamental concepts of physical chemistry and their application to understanding the behavior of biological systems. Topics include thermodynamics of biochemical reactions and molecular folding, kinetics of chemical reactions, and molecular spectroscopy. 
Biochemistry of the Gene, 3 units lecture + 1 unit laboratory  The course introduces the students to basic concepts and principles involved in the science of genetics. A balanced view of both classical and molecular genetics is presented. 
Biology Courses
Comparative Anatomy, 3 units lecture + 2 unit laboratory  A course that deals with basic patterns of vertebrates through dissection of representative animals. 
Industrial Microbiology, 2 units lecture + 1 unit laboratory  The course deals with the study of anatomy, physiology and genetics of microorganisms, in particular, those of typical and atypical bacteria, viruses, viroids and prions. 
Physiology, 3 units lecture + 2 unit laboratory  This course presents the fundamental principles and mechanisms of vertebrate physiology with emphasis on the human systems. Concepts of the internal environment and generalized components of the homeostatic control systems are discussed as well as structurefunction relationships of the different systems. 
Additional Courses (nonCMO/PSG)
Principles of Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is intended to take the Chemistry major into a deeper discussion of chemical bonding (valence bond and molecular orbital theories), solids, and solutions. Electrochemistry and nuclear chemistry is also covered. Applications of general chemistry concepts and principles to social issues and the environment, particularly the atmosphere, are added as enrichment topics. 
Chemometrics, 3 units  The course is an introduction to applied chemometrics and very relevant to data analysis within chemoinformatics, bioinformatics and process chemistry. Chemometric methods, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression, including common data preprocessing are covered. Some mathematical and statistical expressions will be used in the course and a variety of data (e.g. chemical, sensory and spectroscopic data) will be used as examples. 
Math Analysis 3, 3 units  A continuation of Analysis 2. It covers polar coordinates, indeterminate forms and improper integrals, infinite sequences and series, 3dimensional space, quadratic surfaces, functions of several variables and evaluation of multiple integrals in Cartesian coordinates. 
Differential Equations, 3 units  This is a course in the solution of first order differential equations, and higher order differential equations, Laplace transforms, power series method and boundary value problems. 
Organic Chemistry 3, 3 units  This course covers advanced topics in organic chemistry including molecular orbitals, pericyclic reactions, and enolates. Molecular structure elucidation from NMR spectra, utilizing one and twodimensional techniques, along with mass spectral information is emphasized. 
Chemistry Research, 2 units  This course is designed to prepare students to undertake research in chemistry. It is devoted to the conceptualization, organization and planning of an original project in chemistry. It seeks to familiarize the student with the chemical literature as well as with legal and social issues confronting researches, ethics, and conduct of research, intellectual property rights, scientific writing. The course requirements include the submission of a research proposal. 
Chemistry Seminar, 1 unit  This course is designed to help the student to develop an awareness of recent developments in the field by attending and actively participating in chemistry seminars. The course seeks to train the students to present result, conclusion and views in public. The student is required to present a seminar on a chosen topic, attend department seminars and prepare reaction papers. 
Table 3. Comparison with other Chemistry programs
Courses  BS CHYFSC  BS BCH  BS CHY  BS CHYB  CHED Minimum Requirements for BS Chemistry 
General Education  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units 
Lasallian Core Curriculum  9 + (3)*  9 + (3)*  9 + (3)*  9 + (3)*  
Foundation  14  14  11  11  
Chemistry  66  63  69  69  54 
Electives  6  6  9  9  
Thesis + Practicum  6  6  6  6  6 
Other Sciences  23  23  23  23  14 
Program specific  22 (Food Science) 
13 (Biology) 8 (Biochemistry) 
12 (Business) 
6  
Total Number of Units  190 + (9)*  186 + (9)*  171 + (9)*  183 + (9)*  124 + (6)* 
199  195  180  192  130  
Duration  12 terms  12 terms  12 terms  12 terms  8 semesters 
* non academic units
Bachelor of Science in BioChemistry
Biochemistry, the study of the molecules of life, encompasses chemical tools to provide an understanding of biological processes at the molecular level. Biochemistry now enjoys a premier spot in researches worldwide. The BS Biochemistry program is aimed at producing welltrained graduates with a sound understanding of chemical and biological concepts. The program is an excellent background for those who want to be admitted to a school of medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine. In addition, graduates are qualified to take the Chemistry Licensure Examination conducted by the Professional Regulation Commission and become licensed chemists.
Table 1. Summary of the BS Chemistry major in Food Science curriculum
DLSU  CHED Minimum Requirements for BS Chem 

General Education Courses  50 units  50 units 
Lasallian Core Curriculum  12  
Foundation Courses  14  
Chemistry  63 (Core)  54 
Electives  6  6 
Thesis + Practicum  6  6 
Other Science Courses  23  14 
Program specific Courses  13 (Biology) 8 (Biochemistry) 

Total Number of Units  186 + (9) units  124 + (6) units 
Duration  12 terms 
Program Outcomes
Critical and creative thinker
 demonstrate a conceptual understanding and problemsolving skills in the fields of analytical, organic, inorganic, biochemistry, and physical chemistry
 show a depth of knowledge in Food Science reflecting an appropriate level of specialization and relate concepts to those of other disciplines
 able to dissect a problem into its key features; develop problemsolving skills relating to qualitative and quantitative information
 demonstrate skills in data collection, analysis, statistical evaluation and interpretation of results
 able to plan experiments, understand their limitations and develop suitable alternative procedures and methods
Effective communicator
 able to present scientific information in a clear and concise manner and to discuss them intelligently and confidently both orally and in writing
 able to collaborate with other researchers and work in a team
 able to comprehend, explore and evaluate ideas and express them clearly, logically and coherently
Reflective lifelong learner
 acquire study and selfdevelopment skills needed for continuing professional development and lifelong learning
 able to reactively and proactively identify and address biochemical medical issues and trends
 able to recognize dynamics between biochemistry and the medical and health sciences
Service – driven citizen
 exercise ethical principles and social responsibility in his / her professional and personal endeavors
 practice effective interpersonal skills in order to interact peacefully with others
 apply critical thinking skills to solve problems and generate designs, systems or products relating to chemistry and/or food science for the purpose of improving human life and meeting current needs of society
Table 2. Summary of Units
Term 1  Term 2  Term 3  
Year 1  17 (1)  16 (3)  16 (3) 
Year 2  18 (1)  18  19 
Year 3  16 (1)  17  18 
Year 4  18  4  13 
Lasallian Core Curriculum
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
LASARE1  Lasallian Recollection 1  0 
LASARE2  Lasallian Recollection 2  0 
LASARE3  Lasallian Recollection 3  0 
LCLSONE  Lasallian Studies 1  (1) 
LCLSTWO  Lasallian Studies 2  (1) 
LCLSTRI  Lasallian Studies 3  (1) 
LCASEAN  The Filipino and ASEAN  3 
LCENWRD  Encountering the Word in the World  3 
Total  6 + (3) 
General Education Courses
NSTPC1/R1  NSTP ProgramCivic Welfare Training Service Military Science 1  (3) 
NSTPC2/R2  NSTP ProgramCivic Welfare Training Service Military Science 1  (3) 
GEFTWEL  Physical Fitness and Wellness  2 
GEDANCE  Physical Fitness and Wellness in Dance  2 
GESPORT  Physical Fitness and Wellness in Individual/Dual Sports  2 
GETEAMS  Physical Fitness and Wellness in Team Sports  3 
GEMATMW  Math in the Modern World  3 
GEFILI1  Introduksiyon sa Filipinolohiya  3 
GEFILI2  Mga Usaping Pangwika sa iba’tibang Larangan  3 
GEUSELF  Understanding the Self  3 
GEARTAP  Art Appreciation  3 
GEETHIC  Ethics  3 
GERIZAL  Life and Works of Rizal  3 
GESTSOC  Science, Technology and Society  3 
GERPHIS  Readings in Philippine History  3 
GEWORLD  The Contemporary World  3 
GEPCOMM  Purposive Communication  3 
GELITPH  Literatures of the Philippines  3 
Total  60+ (6) 
Chemistry Courses
Course Code  Course Title  No. of Units 
KEMPRN1  Principles of Chemistry 1  3 
KEMPRN2  Principles of Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM10  Principles of Chemistry laboratory  2 
KEMINO1  Inorganic Chemistry  3 
KEMORG1  Organic Chemistry 1  3 
LBYKM31  Organic Chemistry 1 laboratory  2 
KEMANA1  Analytical Chemistry 1  3 
LBYKM21  Analytical Chemistry 1 Laboratory  2 
KEMORG2  Organic Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM32  Organic Chemistry 2 Laboratory  2 
KEMANA2  Analytical Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM22  Analytical Chemistry 2 laboratory  2 
KEMBIO1  Biochemistry 1  3 
LBYKM41  Biochemistry 1 laboratory  1 
KEMINO2  Inorganic Chemistry 2  1 
KEMORG3  Organic Chemistry 3  3 
KEMANA3  Analytical Chemistry 3  1 
LBYKM23  Analytical Chemistry 3 laboratory  3 
KEMBIO2  Biochemistry 2  1 
KEMPYS1  Physical Chemistry 1  3 
LBYKM51  Physical Chemistry 1 Laboratory  1 
LBYKM42  Biochemistry 2 laboratory  3 
KEMPYS2  Physical Chemistry 2  1 
LBYKM52  Physical Chemistry 2 laboratory  2 
KEMPYS3  Physical Chemistry 3  3 
KEMRESC  Chemistry Research  3 
KEMSEMI  Chemistry Seminar  3 
KEMBEL1  Biochemistry Elective 1  3 
KEMBEL2  Biochemistry Elective 2  3 
Total  73 
Practicum + Thesis
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
PRCBCHM  Practicum  3 
THSBCMA  Thesis 1  1 
THSBCMB  Thesis 2  1 
THSBCMC  Thesis 3  1 
Total  6 
Biochemistry Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
KEMBGEN  Biochemistry of the Gene  3 
LBYKM43  Biochemistry of the Gene laboratory  1 
KEMBPYS  Physical Biochemistry  3 
LBYKM53  Physical Biochemistry laboratory  1 
LBYKM44  Food Microbiology laboratory  1 
Total  8 
Biology Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
Comparative Anatomy lecture  3  
Comparative Anatomy laboratory  2  
Industrial Microbiology lecture  2  
Industrial Microbiology laboratory  1  
Physiology lecture  3  
Physiology laboratory  2  
Total  13 
Foundation Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
BASMATH  Mathematics Foundation Course  5 
BASPHYS  Physics Foundation Course  3 
BASSTAT  Statistics Foundation Course  3 
BASBIOL  Biology Foundation Course  3 
Total  14 
Other Science Courses
Course Code  Course Title  No. of Units 
Physics 1  3  
Physics 2  3  
Physics 1 (Lab)  1  
Physics 2 (Lab)  1  
KEMSTAT  Chemometrics  3 
KEMATH1  Math Analysis 1  3 
KEMATH2  Math Analysis 2  3 
KEMATH3  Math Analysis 3  3 
DIFEQUA  Differential Equations  3 
Total  23 
Course Descriptions
Foundation Courses
Basic Biology, 3 units  This is a lecture course on the general concepts and principles in Biology which includes an overview on basic biological chemistry, cell structures and functions, cell metabolism, reproduction, genetics, evolution and classification of living organisms. It emphasizes the study of the organ systems of vascular plants and vertebrate (mammalian) animals with reference to other groups as needed. 
Basic Mathematics, 5 units  This is a course on precalculus covering the following topics: Basics of algebra, equations and inequalities in one variable, functions and their graphs, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometric functions, trigonometric identities, inverse trigonometric functions, trigonometric equations, polar coordinate system, coordinates and lines, curve sketching, conic sections, systems of equations, sequences, mathematical induction, and the binomial theorem. 
Basic Physics, 3 units  This is a study of the conceptual foundations of Newtonian mechanics, electricity and magnetism. In examining the concepts mentioned and its relevant consequences, vector methods, as well as the basic concepts of calculus will be used. 
Basic Statistics, 3 units  This is a course covering basic rules of probability, discrete and continuous probability distributions, and introduction to inferential statistics. 
Core Chemistry Courses
Level 1
Principles of Chemistry, 3 units  This course emphasizes fundamental chemical concepts and inorganic structures. Topics to be discussed include atomic and molecular structure, the periodic table and periodicity, chemical bonding, thermochemistry, kinetics and reaction rates, chemical equilibrium, acidbase and solubility equilibria and basic thermodynamics. 
Principles of Chemistry laboratory, 2 units  This course develops basic chemistry laboratory skills. It includes experiments and exercises illustrating the concepts covered in Principles of Chemistry. A more detailed discussion of topics not covered extensively in the lecture is provided through additional experiments and exercises. 
Inorganic Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course is devoted to the study of the principles and trends in the chemistry of the elements and the essentials of structure, bonding and reactivity of inorganic systems. Topics include electrochemistry, reductionoxidation reactions, nuclear chemistry, descriptive chemistry of nonmetals and metals. 
Organic Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course is devoted to the study of the structure and stereochemistry, nomenclature, physical properties including infrared, nuclear magnetic and mass spectroscopic analysis, and synthesis and reactivity of organic molecules. Reaction mechanisms are discussed. The first course covers the alkanes, alkyl halides, alcohols, ethers, and epoxides. 
Organic Chemistry 1 laboratory, 2 units  This laboratory course is designed to develop skills and techniques in handling organic compounds. The course includes the isolation and purification of organic compounds and classical organic analysis. It provides the basic concepts and techniques involved in the determination of physical properties of organic compounds, qualitative analysis of organic compounds, and the separation and purification of organic mixtures. 
Analytical Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course is designed to give the student an understanding of the principles and practice of gravimetric and volumetric methods, potentiometry and spectrophotometry, analytical measurements and data analysis. 
Analytical Chemistry 1, 2 units laboratory  This course applies sampling, calibration, errors and statistical analysis to chemical determinations. Specific volumetric and spectrophotometric analytical techniques covered include aqueous solution equilibria involving acids and bases, complex formation, redox reactions, and solubility equilibria. 
Physical Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course provides the foundation in chemical thermodynamics, physical and chemical equilibria, and an introduction to statistical thermodynamics. 
Physical Chemistry 1 laboratory, 1 unit  This course applies the principles of thermodynamics, kinetics and spectroscopy in some illustrative experiments. It provides an interconnection between experimental observations and underlying theoretical principles in physical chemistry through a variety of physicochemical measurement techniques. 
Level 2
Inorganic Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is a continuation of Inorganic Chemistry 1. It is devoted to the study of the principles and trends in the chemistry of the elements and the essentials of structure, bonding and reactivity of inorganic systems. Topics include bonding theories, symmetry and group theory, crystalline solids, and structure, electronic spectroscopy, and reactions of coordination compounds. Selected topics in organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry and catalysis are introduced. 
Organic Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is a continuation of Organic Chemistry 1. It is devoted to the study of the structure and stereochemistry, nomenclature, physical properties including infrared, nuclear magnetic and mass spectroscopic analysis, and synthesis and reactivity of organic molecules. Reaction mechanisms are discussed. The functional classes of alkenes, alkynes, aromatic compounds, carbonyl compounds, carboxylic acids and derivatives, and amines are covered. 
Organic Chemistry 2 laboratory, 2 units  This course illustrates various types of organic reactions and their application in organic synthesis. It is designed to develop skills and techniques in the synthesis and characterization of organic compounds, including selected spectroscopic methods. 
Biochemistry 1, 3 units 
This course covers the fundamental aspects of biochemistry: the structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids and selected methods of analysis, as well as some processes involved in the flow of biological information. 
Biochemistry 1 laboratory, 1 unit  This laboratory course includes experiments on isolation and qualitative and quantitative tests of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acid; preparation of buffer solutions, enzyme assay, and enzyme kinetics. 
Analytical Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is designed to develop knowledge and skills for analytical separations and instrumental methods of analysis. Emphasis shall be placed on the principles of instrumentation, instrument components, the limitations of measurements, and the selection of appropriate techniques for specific analytical problems. 
Analytical Chemistry 2 laboratory, 2 units 
This course introduces chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques in chemical analysis. Methods include UVvisible spectroscopy, IR spectrometry, atomic absorption and emission spectrometry and fluorescence and phosphorescencebased methods; and liquid and gas chromatography. 
Physical Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is a continuation of Physical Chemistry 1. It covers the application of chemical thermodynamics to physical and chemical equilibrium systems, electrochemistry, transport properties, chemical kinetics and surface chemistry. 
Physical Chemistry 2 laboratory, 1 unit  A laboratory course covering experiments in electrochemistry, transference and conductance in electrolytic solutions, kinetics, absorption, polymer properties, radiochemistry and crystal structure. 
Level 3
Analytical Chemistry 3, 3 units  This course is designed to deepen the knowledge and skills in analytical chemistry particularly in the evaluation and assurance of quality in analytical data. It includes the application of statistics for the results of the evaluation of the results of chemical analysis, as well as principles and methods of quality assurance applied to the analytical chemistry laboratory. It also presents the principles of sampling, sample preparation and calibration. 
Analytical Chemistry 3 laboratory, 1 unit  This course encompasses a comprehensive approach in technical analysis, design and validation of experiments. The course is designed to hone the skills of chemistry students in laboratory techniques through the performance of industrial laboratory analyses and exposure to current good laboratory practices. 
Biochemistry 2, 3 units  This course covers bioenergetics, design and regulation of metabolic pathways; and specific molecular processes involved in the synthesis and degradation of major cellular components such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acid. 
Biochemistry 2 laboratory, 1 unit  This laboratory course introduces students to contemporary tools used in biochemistry and molecular biology including SDSPAGE, DNA/RNA extraction, PCR and agarose electrophoresis. 
Physical Chemistry 3, 3 units  This course is an introduction to the basic principles of quantum mechanics and its applications. It focuses on a conceptual understanding of quantum theory and the application of these and related concepts to solve chemical problems. The course traces the development of the atomic theory to quantum theory. The concepts and postulates of quantum mechanics are introduced and illustrated using simple systems including the particle in a box, the hydrogen atom, the helium atom, the hydrogen molecule ion, and the hydrogen molecule. 
Ancillary Courses
Math Analysis 1, 3 units  A first course in Analysis covering plane analytic geometry, limits and continuity, derivatives of algebraic functions, and their applications. 
Math Analysis 2, 3 units  A continuation of Analysis 1. It covers differentials, indefinite and definite integrals and their applications, derivatives and integrals of logarithmic and exponential functions, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, and techniques of integration. 
Physics 1 – Optics, 3 units  A study of the fundamental concepts of oscillations, waves and optics. It deals with simple harmonic motion, mechanical waves, vibrating bodies, acoustics, electromagnetic waves, and geometrical and physical optics. Some topics on relativity are also included. 
Physics 1 lab  This course supplements the topics discussed in the lecture class. Specifically, experiments in waves and optics are performed to provide the student concrete applications of concepts learned in the lecture class. 
Physics 2 – Electronics, 3 units  
Physics 2 – lab 
Elective Courses
Biochemistry Elective 1, 3 units  This course focuses on the molecular principles to explain the structure, function, dynamics and bioenergetics of biological membranes. The molecular basis of selected diseases and drug therapy is also included. 
Biochemistry Elective 2, 3 units  This course is an introduction to the biochemistry of foods of plant origin. The course is designed to give students a basic understanding of the biochemical components of plant foods and the changes that occur during the processing of specific food types. An overview of plant biochemistry, including discussions of photosynthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, nitrogen fixation, reduction and assimilation, is also included. 
Research and Professional Engagement
Thesis 1, 1 unit 
These courses allow the student to develop the research topic proposed in Chemistry Research, through experimentation. A defended oral presentation and the submission of the written scientific report is expected in the final course. 
Thesis 2, 1 unit  
Thesis 3, 1 unit  
Practicum, 3 units  This course provides students the opportunity to gain work experience and practical skills and develop desirable attitudes in the workplace under the supervision of a Chemistry Practicum Coordinator 
Biochemistry Courses
Physical Biochemistry, 3 units lecture + 1 unit laboratory 
This course covers fundamental concepts of physical chemistry and their application to understanding the behavior of biological systems. Topics include thermodynamics of biochemical reactions and molecular folding, kinetics of chemical reactions, and molecular spectroscopy. 
Biochemistry of the Gene, 3 units lecture + 1 unit laboratory  The course introduces the students to basic concepts and principles involved in the science of genetics. A balanced view of both classical and molecular genetics is presented. 
Biology Courses
Comparative Anatomy, 3 units lecture + 2 unit laboratory  A course that deals with basic patterns of vertebrates through dissection of representative animals. 
Industrial Microbiology, 2 units lecture + 1 unit laboratory  The course deals with the study of anatomy, physiology and genetics of microorganisms, in particular, those of typical and atypical bacteria, viruses, viroids and prions. 
Physiology, 3 units lecture + 2 unit laboratory  This course presents the fundamental principles and mechanisms of vertebrate physiology with emphasis on the human systems. Concepts of the internal environment and generalized components of the homeostatic control systems are discussed as well as structurefunction relationships of the different systems. 
Additional Courses (nonCMO/PSG)
Principles of Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is intended to take the Chemistry major into a deeper discussion of chemical bonding (valence bond and molecular orbital theories), solids, and solutions. Electrochemistry and nuclear chemistry is also covered. Applications of general chemistry concepts and principles to social issues and the environment, particularly the atmosphere, are added as enrichment topics. 
Chemometrics, 3 units  The course is an introduction to applied chemometrics and very relevant to data analysis within chemoinformatics, bioinformatics and process chemistry. Chemometric methods, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression, including common data preprocessing are covered. Some mathematical and statistical expressions will be used in the course and a variety of data (e.g. chemical, sensory and spectroscopic data) will be used as examples. 
Math Analysis 3, 3 units  A continuation of Analysis 2. It covers polar coordinates, indeterminate forms and improper integrals, infinite sequences and series, 3dimensional space, quadratic surfaces, functions of several variables and evaluation of multiple integrals in Cartesian coordinates. 
Differential Equations, 3 units  This is a course in the solution of first order differential equations, and higher order differential equations, Laplace transforms, power series method and boundary value problems. 
Organic Chemistry 3, 3 units  This course covers advanced topics in organic chemistry including molecular orbitals, pericyclic reactions, and enolates. Molecular structure elucidation from NMR spectra, utilizing one and twodimensional techniques, along with mass spectral information is emphasized. 
Chemistry Research, 2 units  This course is designed to prepare students to undertake research in chemistry. It is devoted to the conceptualization, organization and planning of an original project in chemistry. It seeks to familiarize the student with the chemical literature as well as with legal and social issues confronting researches, ethics, and conduct of research, intellectual property rights, scientific writing. The course requirements include the submission of a research proposal. 
Chemistry Seminar, 1 unit  This course is designed to help the student to develop an awareness of recent developments in the field by attending and actively participating in chemistry seminars. The course seeks to train the students to present result, conclusion and views in public. The student is required to present a seminar on a chosen topic, attend department seminars and prepare reaction papers. 
Table 3. Comparison with other Chemistry programs
Courses  BS CHYFSC  BS BCH  BS CHY  BS CHYB  CHED Minimum Requirements for BS Chemistry 
General Education  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units 
Lasallian Core Curriculum  9 + (3)*  9 + (3)*  9 + (3)*  9 + (3)*  
Foundation  14  14  11  11  
Chemistry  66  63  69  69  54 
Electives  6  6  9  9  
Thesis + Practicum  6  6  6  6  6 
Other Sciences  23  23  23  23  14 
Program specific  22 (Food Science) 
13 (Biology) 8 (Biochemistry) 
12 (Business) 
6  
Total Number of Units  190 + (9)*  186 + (9)*  171 + (9)*  183 + (9)*  124 + (6)* 
199  195  180  192  130  
Duration  12 terms  12 terms  12 terms  12 terms  8 semesters 
* non academic units
BS in Chemistry
The Bachelor of Science in Chemistry program is designed to provide students with an excellent foundation in chemistry. It equips them with the necessary laboratory skills and scientific training needed in the competent practice of the chemistry profession. Lectures, seminars and laboratory classes are geared towards problem evaluation and decisionmaking. Courses in the humanities and social sciences are integrated to provide the perspective that will direct scientific efforts toward national concerns. The new curriculum has been designed to offer a stronger preparation for the professional chemist licensure examination.
Employment opportunities for chemists are available in industry, government, and nonprofit organizations. Positions range from research and development, quality control and regulations, sales, marketing and support, and manufacturing. As chemists, graduates can also create jobs through the vast market of consumer goods or touch lives as educators and researchers in academia.
Table 1. Summary of the BS Chemistry curriculum
DLSU  CHED Minimum Requirements for BS Chem 

General Education Courses  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units 
Lasallian Core Curriculum  9 + (3)*  
Foundation Courses  11  
Chemistry Core Courses  69  54 
Electives  9  6 
Thesis + Practicum  6  6 
Other Science Courses  23  14 
Total Number of Units  171 + (9)* units  124 + (6)* units 
Duration  12 terms 
*nonacademic units
Program Outcomes
Critical and creative thinker
 demonstrate a conceptual understanding and problemsolving skills in the fields of analytical, organic, inorganic, biochemistry, and physical chemistry
 show a depth of knowledge in Chemistry reflecting an appropriate level of competency to relate concepts to those of other disciplines
 able to dissect a problem into its key features; develop problemsolving skills relating to qualitative and quantitative information
 demonstrate skills in data collection, analysis, statistical evaluation and interpretation of results
 able to plan experiments, understand their limitations and develop suitable alternative procedures and methods
Effective communicator
 able to present scientific information in a clear and concise manner and to discuss them intelligently and confidently both orally and in writing
 able to collaborate with other researchers and work in a team
 able to comprehend, explore and evaluate ideas and express them clearly, logically and coherently
Reflective lifelong learner
 acquire study and selfdevelopment skills needed for continuing professional development and lifelong learning
 able to reactively and proactively identify and address current chemistry issues and trends
 able to recognize dynamics between chemistry research and the chemical industries in different global, social, political and economic scenarios
Service – driven citizen
 exercise ethical principles and social responsibility in his / her professional and personal endeavors
 practice effective interpersonal skills in order to interact peacefully with others
 apply critical thinking skills to solve problems and generate designs, systems or products relating to chemistry for the purpose of improving human life and meeting current needs of society
Table 2. Summary of Units
Term 1  Term 2  Term 3  
Year 1  16 (1)  14  13 (3) 
Year 2  16 (4)  17  16 
Year 3  15 (1)  17  15 
Year 4  15  4  13 
Lasallian Core Curriculum
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
LASARE1  Lasallian Recollection 1  0 
LASARE2  Lasallian Recollection 2  0 
LASARE3  Lasallian Recollection 3  0 
LCLSONE  Lasallian Studies 1  (1) 
LCLSTWO  Lasallian Studies 2  (1) 
LCLSTRI  Lasallian Studies 3  (1) 
LCASEAN  The Filipino and ASEAN  3 
LCENWRD  Encountering the Word in the World  3 
LCFAITH  Faith Worth Living  3 
Total  9 + (3) 
General Education Courses
NSTPC1/R1  NSTP ProgramCivic Welfare Training Service Military Science 1  (3) 
NSTPC2/R2  NSTP ProgramCivic Welfare Training Service Military Science 2  (3) 
GEFTWEL  Physical Fitness and Wellness  2 
GEDANCE  Physical Fitness and Wellness in Dance  2 
GESPORT  Physical Fitness and Wellness in Individual/Dual Sports  2 
GETEAMS  Physical Fitness and Wellness in Team Sports  2 
GEMATMW  Math in the Modern World  3 
GEFILI1  Introduksiyon sa Filipinolohiya  3 
GEFILI2  Mga Usaping Pangwika sa iba’tibang Larangan  3 
GEUSELF  Understanding the Self  3 
GEARTAP  Art Appreciation  3 
GEETHIC  Ethics  3 
GERIZAL  Life and Works of Rizal  3 
GESTSOC  Science, Technology and Society  3 
GERPHIS  Readings in Philippine History  3 
GEWORLD  The Contemporary World  3 
GEPCOMM  Purposive Communication  3 
GELITPH  Literatures of the Philippines  3 
Total  44+ (6) 
Chemistry and Elective Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
KEMPRN1  Principles of Chemistry 1  3 
KEMPRN2  Principles of Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM10  Principles of Chemistry laboratory  2 
KEMINO1  Inorganic Chemistry  3 
KEMORG1  Organic Chemistry 1  3 
LBYKM31  Organic Chemistry 1 laboratory  2 
KEMANA1  Analytical Chemistry 1  3 
LBYKM21  Analytical Chemistry 1 Laboratory  2 
KEMORG2  Organic Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM32  Organic Chemistry 2 Laboratory  2 
KEMANA2  Analytical Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM22  Analytical Chemistry 2 laboratory  2 
KEMBIO1  Biochemistry 1  3 
LBYKM41  Biochemistry 1 laboratory  1 
KEMINO2  Inorganic Chemistry 2  3 
KEMORG3  Organic Chemistry 3  3 
KEMANA3  Analytical Chemistry 3  3 
LBYKM23  Analytical Chemistry 3 laboratory  1 
KEMBIO2  Biochemistry 2  3 
KEMPYS1  Physical Chemistry 1  3 
LBYKM51  Physical Chemistry 1 Laboratory  1 
LBYKM42  Biochemistry 2 laboratory  1 
KEMPYS2  Physical Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM52  Physical Chemistry 2 laboratory  1 
KEMPYS3  Physical Chemistry 3  3 
KEMRESC  Chemistry Research  2 
KEMSEMI  Chemistry Seminar  1 
KEMESS1  Essential Chemistry 1  1 
KEMESS2  Essential Chemistry 2  1 
KEMESS3  Essential Chemistry 3  1 
KEMELE1  Chemistry Elective 1  3 
KEMELE2  Chemistry Elective 2  3 
KEMELE3  Chemistry Elective 3  3 
KEMINDS  Industrial Chemistry  3 
Total  78 
Practicum + Thesis
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
PRCCHEM  Food Science Practicum  3 
THSCHYA  Thesis 1  1 
THSCHYB  Thesis 2  1 
THSCHYC  Thesis 3  1 
Total  6 
Foundation Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
BASMATH  Mathematics Foundation Course  5 
BASPHYS  Physics Foundation Course  3 
BASSTAT  Statistics Foundation Course  3 
Total  11 
Other Science Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
Physics 1  3  
Physics 2  3  
Physics 1 (Lab)  1  
Physics 2 (Lab)  1  
KEMSTAT  Chemometrics  3 
KEMATH1  Math Analysis 1  3 
KEMATH2  Math Analysis 2  3 
KEMATH3  Math Analysis 3  3 
DIFEQUA  Differential Equations  3 
Total  23 
Course Descriptions
Foundation Courses
Basic Mathematics, 5 units  This is a course on precalculus covering the following topics: Basics of algebra, equations and inequalities in one variable, functions and their graphs, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometric functions, trigonometric identities, inverse trigonometric functions, trigonometric equations, polar coordinate system, coordinates and lines, curve sketching, conic sections, systems of equations, sequences, mathematical induction, and the binomial theorem. 
Basic Physics, 3 units  This is a study of the conceptual foundations of Newtonian mechanics, electricity and magnetism. In examining the concepts mentioned and its relevant consequences, vector methods, as well as the basic concepts of calculus will be used. 
Basic Statistics, 3 units  This is a course covering basic rules of probability, discrete and continuous probability distributions, and introduction to inferential statistics. 
Core Chemistry Courses
Level 1
Principles of Chemistry, 3 units  This course emphasizes fundamental chemical concepts and inorganic structures. Topics to be discussed include atomic and molecular structure, the periodic table and periodicity, chemical bonding, thermochemistry, kinetics and reaction rates, chemical equilibrium, acidbase and solubility equilibria and basic thermodynamics. 
Principles of Chemistry laboratory, 2 units  This course develops basic chemistry laboratory skills. It includes experiments and exercises illustrating the concepts covered in Principles of Chemistry. A more detailed discussion of topics not covered extensively in the lecture is provided through additional experiments and exercises. 
Inorganic Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course is devoted to the study of the principles and trends in the chemistry of the elements and the essentials of structure, bonding and reactivity of inorganic systems. Topics include electrochemistry, reductionoxidation reactions, nuclear chemistry, descriptive chemistry of nonmetals and metals. 
Organic Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course is devoted to the study of the structure and stereochemistry, nomenclature, physical properties including infrared, nuclear magnetic and mass spectroscopic analysis, and synthesis and reactivity of organic molecules. Reaction mechanisms are discussed. The first course covers the alkanes, alkyl halides, alcohols, ethers, and epoxides. 
Organic Chemistry 1 laboratory, 2 units  This laboratory course is designed to develop skills and techniques in handling organic compounds. The course includes the isolation and purification of organic compounds and classical organic analysis. It provides the basic concepts and techniques involved in the determination of physical properties of organic compounds, qualitative analysis of organic compounds, and the separation and purification of organic mixtures. 
Analytical Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course is designed to give the student an understanding of the principles and practice of gravimetric and volumetric methods, potentiometry and spectrophotometry, analytical measurements and data analysis. 
Analytical Chemistry 1, 2 units laboratory  This course applies sampling, calibration, errors and statistical analysis to chemical determinations. Specific volumetric and spectrophotometric analytical techniques covered include aqueous solution equilibria involving acids and bases, complex formation, redox reactions, and solubility equilibria. 
Physical Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course provides the foundation in chemical thermodynamics, physical and chemical equilibria, and an introduction to statistical thermodynamics. 
Physical Chemistry 1 laboratory, 1 unit  This course applies the principles of thermodynamics, kinetics and spectroscopy in some illustrative experiments. It provides an interconnection between experimental observations and underlying theoretical principles in physical chemistry through a variety of physicochemical measurement techniques. 
Level 2
Inorganic Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is a continuation of Inorganic Chemistry 1. It is devoted to the study of the principles and trends in the chemistry of the elements and the essentials of structure, bonding and reactivity of inorganic systems. Topics include bonding theories, symmetry and group theory, crystalline solids, and structure, electronic spectroscopy, and reactions of coordination compounds. Selected topics in organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry and catalysis are introduced. 
Organic Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is a continuation of Organic Chemistry 1. It is devoted to the study of the structure and stereochemistry, nomenclature, physical properties including infrared, nuclear magnetic and mass spectroscopic analysis, and synthesis and reactivity of organic molecules. Reaction mechanisms are discussed. The functional classes of alkenes, alkynes, aromatic compounds, carbonyl compounds, carboxylic acids and derivatives, and amines are covered. 
Organic Chemistry 2 laboratory, 2 units  This course illustrates various types of organic reactions and their application in organic synthesis. It is designed to develop skills and techniques in the synthesis and characterization of organic compounds, including selected spectroscopic methods. 
Biochemistry 1, 3 units  This course covers the fundamental aspects
of biochemistry: the structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids and selected methods of analysis, as well as some processes involved in the flow of biological information. 
Biochemistry 1 laboratory, 1 unit  This laboratory course includes experiments on isolation and qualitative and quantitative tests of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acid; preparation of buffer solutions, enzyme assay, and enzyme kinetics. 
Analytical Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is designed to develop knowledge and skills for analytical separations and instrumental methods of analysis. Emphasis shall be placed on the principles of instrumentation, instrument components, the limitations of measurements, and the selection of appropriate techniques for specific analytical problems. 
Analytical Chemistry 2 laboratory, 2 units  This course introduces chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques in chemical analysis. Methods include UVvisible spectroscopy, IR spectrometry, atomic absorption
and emission spectrometry and fluorescence and phosphorescencebased methods; and liquid and gas chromatography. 
Physical Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is a continuation of Physical Chemistry 1. It covers the application of chemical thermodynamics to physical and chemical equilibrium systems, electrochemistry, transport properties, chemical kinetics and surface chemistry. 
Physical Chemistry 2 laboratory, 1 unit  A laboratory course covering experiments in electrochemistry, transference and conductance in electrolytic solutions, kinetics, absorption, polymer properties, radiochemistry and crystal structure. 
Level 3
Analytical Chemistry 3, 3 units  This course is designed to deepen the knowledge and skills in analytical chemistry particularly in the evaluation and assurance of quality in analytical data. It includes the application of statistics for the results of the evaluation of the results of chemical analysis, as well as principles and methods of quality assurance applied to the analytical chemistry laboratory. It also presents the principles of sampling, sample preparation and calibration. 
Analytical Chemistry 3 laboratory, 1 unit  This course encompasses a comprehensive approach in technical analysis, design and validation of experiments. The course is designed to hone the skills of chemistry students in laboratory techniques through the performance of industrial laboratory analyses and exposure to current good laboratory practices. 
Biochemistry 2, 3 units  This course covers bioenergetics, design and regulation of metabolic pathways; and specific molecular processes involved in the synthesis and degradation of major cellular components such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acid. 
Biochemistry 2 laboratory, 1 unit  This laboratory course introduces students to contemporary tools used in biochemistry and molecular biology including SDSPAGE, DNA/RNA extraction, PCR and agarose electrophoresis. 
Physical Chemistry 3, 3 units  This course is an introduction to the basic principles of quantum mechanics and its applications. It focuses on a conceptual understanding of quantum theory and the application of these and related concepts to solve chemical problems. The course traces the development of the atomic theory to quantum theory. The concepts and postulates of quantum mechanics are introduced and illustrated using simple systems including the particle in a box, the hydrogen atom, the helium atom, the hydrogen molecule ion, and the hydrogen molecule. 
Ancillary Courses
Math Analysis 1, 3 units  A first course in Analysis covering plane analytic geometry, limits and continuity, derivatives of algebraic functions, and their applications. 
Math Analysis 2, 3 units  A continuation of Analysis 1. It covers differentials, indefinite and definite integrals and their applications, derivatives and integrals of logarithmic and exponential functions, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, and techniques of integration. 
Physics 1 – Optics, 3 units  A study of the fundamental concepts of oscillations, waves and optics. It deals with simple harmonic motion, mechanical waves, vibrating bodies, acoustics, electromagnetic waves, and geometrical and physical optics. Some topics on relativity are also included. 
Physics 1 lab  This course supplements the topics discussed in the lecture class. Specifically, experiments in waves and optics are performed to provide the student concrete applications of concepts learned in the lecture class. 
Physics 2 – Electronics, 3 units  
Physics 2 – lab 
Elective Courses
Special Topics in Biochemistry 1, 3 units

This course focuses on the molecular principles to explain the structure, function, dynamics and bioenergetics of biological membranes. The molecular basis of selected diseases and drug therapy is also included. 
Special Topics in Biochemistry 2, 3 units

This course is an introduction to the biochemistry of foods of plant origin. The course is designed to give students a basic understanding of the biochemical components of plant foods and the changes that occur during the processing of specific food types. An overview of plant biochemistry, including discussions of photosynthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, nitrogen fixation, reduction and assimilation, is also included. 
Carbohydrate Chemistry, 3 units  The scope of this course includes the analysis and characterization of the structure of simple and complex monosaccharides, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides, including sequence, linkages, configuration, conformation, functional groups, polymerization, derivatization and degradation. Important pathways in carbohydrate metabolism in prokaryotes, plants and animals are also discussed. 
Chemistry of the Environment, 3 units  A course covering environmental problems, pertaining to air, water, the earth, and life. Chemical concepts are applied in the evaluation of environmental threats to the earth and the biosphere. 
Chemical Analysis for Chemistry Students, 3 units  A course in methods and technical analysis which deals on analytical methods, methods validation, trace analysis, gravimetry and combustion analysis. 
Food Chemistry, 3 units  This course is designed to present a unified picture of foods from a chemical standpoint. Emphasis is given to the major constitutions of foods and the chemical changes that occur when they are subjected to processing. 
Polymer Chemistry, 3 units  The course deals primarily with synthetic polymers. It covers concepts on polymer synthesis and how it relates to polymer properties and applications. 
Physical Biochemistry, 3 units  This course focuses on the basic principles of quantitative and physical biochemistry. Topics include acidbase balance, bioenergetics, enzyme catalysis, and techniques used to determine the structure of biomolecules. 
Research and Professional Engagement
Thesis 1, 1 unit  These courses allow the student to develop the research topic proposed in Chemistry Research, through experimentation.
A defended oral presentation and the submission of the written scientific report is expected in the final course. 
Thesis 2, 1 unit  
Thesis 3, 1 unit  
Practicum, 3 units  This course provides students the opportunity to gain work experience and practical skills and develop desirable attitudes in the workplace under the supervision of a Chemistry Practicum Coordinator 
Additional Courses (nonCMO/PSG)
Principles of Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is intended to take the Chemistry major into a deeper discussion of chemical bonding (valence bond and molecular orbital theories), solids, and solutions. Electrochemistry and nuclear chemistry is also covered. Applications of general chemistry concepts and principles to social issues and the environment, particularly the atmosphere, are added as enrichment topics. 
Chemometrics, 3 units  The course is an introduction to applied chemometrics and very relevant to data analysis within chemoinformatics, bioinformatics and process chemistry. Chemometric methods, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression, including common data preprocessing are covered. Some mathematical and statistical expressions will be used in the course and a variety of data (e.g. chemical, sensory and spectroscopic data) will be used as examples. 
Math Analysis 3, 3 units  A continuation of Analysis 2. It covers polar coordinates, indeterminate forms and improper integrals, infinite sequences and series, 3dimensional space, quadratic surfaces, functions of several variables and evaluation of multiple integrals in Cartesian coordinates. 
Differential Equations, 3 units  This is a course in the solution of first order differential equations, and higher order differential equations, Laplace transforms, power series method and boundary value problems. 
Organic Chemistry 3, 3 units  This course covers advanced topics in organic chemistry including molecular orbitals, pericyclic reactions, and enolates. Molecular structure elucidation from NMR spectra, utilizing one and twodimensional techniques, along with mass spectral information is emphasized. 
Chemistry Research, 2 units  This course is designed to prepare students to undertake research in chemistry. It is devoted to the conceptualization, organization and planning of an original project in chemistry. It seeks to familiarize the student with the chemical literature as well as with legal and social issues confronting researches, ethics, and conduct of research, intellectual property rights, scientific writing. The course requirements include the submission of a research proposal. 
Chemistry Seminar, 1 unit  This course is designed to help the student to develop an awareness of recent developments in the field by attending and actively participating in chemistry seminars. The course seeks to train the students to present result, conclusion and views in public. The student is required to present a seminar on a chosen topic, attend department seminars and prepare reaction papers. 
Table 3. Comparison of Chemistry programs
Courses  BS CHYFSC  BS BCH  BS CHY  BS CHYB  CHED Minimum Requirements for BS Chemistry 
General Education  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units 
Lasallian Core Curriculum  9 + (3)*  9 + (3)*  9 + (3)*  9 + (3)*  
Foundation  14  14  11  11  
Chemistry  66  63  69  69  54 
Electives  6  6  9  9  
Thesis + Practicum  6  6  6  6  6 
Other Sciences  23  23  23  23  14 
Program specific  22 (Food Science) 
13 (Biology) 8 (Biochemistry) 
12 (Business) 
6  
Total Number of Units  190 + (9) units  186 + (9)  171 + (9)  183 + (9)  124 + (6) units 
199  195  180  192  
Duration  12 terms  12 terms  12 terms  12 terms  8 semesters 
*non academic units
BS in Chemistry major in Food Science
The Bachelor of Science in Chemistry Major in Food Science program is designed to provide a student in chemistry with the opportunity to develop a specialization in the broad discipline of Food Science. The curriculum includes the core courses of the BS Chemistry program as well as the food science subjects needed to equip students with a scientific understanding of food systems and processes.
Although approved in 2014, the program was caught in the K12 transition before it can be opened to students. Now aimed to be offered in academic year 20192020, the Food Science program was revised according to the 2017 BS Chemistry policies, standards and guidelines from CHED (CMO 47s2017). Credit units from the old bachelor’s curriculum were replaced with courses that allow for a deeper, broader treatment of the core courses in chemistry and biochemistry and a stronger preparation for the professional chemist licensure examination.
In addition, the recent Republic Act 11052 (The Food Technology Act) creating the Professional Regulatory Board of Food Technology and professionalizing food technologists via licensure exams, provide additional career opportunities for graduates of the program.
The combination of the science areas enhances research and employment opportunities for graduates in various components of the food industry: food analysis, quality assurance, research and development, food safety, management, legislation etc. Those who wish to seek employment as food analysts or food research chemists or biochemists should have a competitive edge. As chemists, graduates may choose to find employment in other industries, create jobs through the vast market of consumer goods or touch lives as educators and researchers in academia.
Table 1. Summary of the BS Chemistry major in Food Science curriculum
DLSU  CHED Minimum Requirements for BS Chem 

General Education Courses  50 units  50 units 
Lasallian Core Curriculum  12  
Foundation Courses  14  
Chemistry  66 (Core)  54 
Electives  6  6 
Thesis + Practicum  6  6 
Other Science Courses  23  14 
Food Science Courses  22  
Total Number of Units  190 + (9) units  130 units 
Duration  12 terms 
Program Outcomes
Critical and creative thinker
 demonstrate a conceptual understanding and problemsolving skills in the fields of analytical, organic, inorganic, biochemistry, and physical chemistry
 show a depth of knowledge in Food Science reflecting an appropriate level of specialization and relate concepts to those of other disciplines
 able to dissect a problem into its key features; develop problemsolving skills relating to qualitative and quantitative information
 demonstrate skills in data collection, analysis, statistical evaluation and interpretation of results
 able to plan experiments, understand their limitations and develop suitable alternative procedures and methods
Effective communicator
 able to present scientific information in a clear and concise manner and to discuss them intelligently and confidently both orally and in writing
 able to collaborate with other researchers and work in a team
 able to comprehend, explore and evaluate ideas and express them clearly, logically and coherently
Reflective lifelong learner
 acquire study and selfdevelopment skills needed for continuing professional development and lifelong learning
 able to reactively and proactively identify and address food industry issues and trends
 able to recognize dynamics between food and the food industry in different global, social, political and economic scenarios
Service – driven citizen
 exercise ethical principles and social responsibility in his / her professional and personal endeavors
 practice effective interpersonal skills in order to interact peacefully with others
 apply critical thinking skills to solve problems and generate designs, systems or products relating to chemistry and/or food science for the purpose of improving human life and meeting current needs of society
Table 2. Summary of Units
Term 1  Term 2  Term 3  
Year 1  17 (1)  16 (3)  16 (3) 
Year 2  18 (1)  18  19 
Year 3  16 (1)  17  18 
Year 4  18  4  13 
Lasallian Core Curriculum
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
LASARE1  Lasallian Recollection 1  0 
LASARE2  Lasallian Recollection 2  0 
LASARE3  Lasallian Recollection 3  0 
LCLSONE  Lasallian Studies 1  (1) 
LCLSTWO  Lasallian Studies 2  (1) 
LCLSTRI  Lasallian Studies 3  (1) 
LCASEAN  The Filipino and ASEAN  3 
LCENWRD  Encountering the Word in the World  3 
Total  6 + (3) 
General Education Courses
NSTPC1/R1  NSTP ProgramCivic Welfare Training Service Military Science 1  (3) 
NSTPC2/R2  NSTP ProgramCivic Welfare Training Service Military Science 2  (3) 
GEFTWEL  Physical Fitness and Wellness  2 
GEDANCE  Physical Fitness and Wellness in Dance  2 
GESPORT  Physical Fitness and Wellness in Individual/Dual Sports  2 
GETEAMS  Physical Fitness and Wellness in Team Sports  3 
GEMATMW  Math in the Modern World  3 
GEFILI1  Introduksiyon sa Filipinolohiya  3 
GEFILI2  Mga Usaping Pangwika sa iba’tibang Larangan  3 
GEUSELF  Understanding the Self  3 
GEARTAP  Art Appreciation  3 
GEETHIC  Ethics  3 
GERIZAL  Life and Works of Rizal  3 
GESTSOC  Science, Technology and Society  3 
GERPHIS  Readings in Philippine History  3 
GEWORLD  The Contemporary World  3 
GEPCOMM  Purposive Communication  3 
GELITPH  Literatures of the Philippines  3 
Total  60+ (6) 
Chemistry Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
KEMPRN1  Principles of Chemistry 1  3 
KEMPRN2  Principles of Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM10  Principles of Chemistry laboratory  2 
KEMINO1  Inorganic Chemistry  3 
KEMORG1  Organic Chemistry 1  3 
LBYKM31  Organic Chemistry 1 laboratory  2 
KEMANA1  Analytical Chemistry 1  3 
LBYKM21  Analytical Chemistry 1 Laboratory  2 
KEMORG2  Organic Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM32  Organic Chemistry 2 Laboratory  2 
KEMANA2  Analytical Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM22  Analytical Chemistry 2 laboratory  2 
KEMBIO1  Biochemistry 1  3 
LBYKM41  Biochemistry 1 laboratory  1 
KEMINO2  Inorganic Chemistry 2  1 
KEMORG3  Organic Chemistry 3  3 
KEMANA3  Analytical Chemistry 3  1 
LBYKM23  Analytical Chemistry 3 laboratory  3 
KEMBIO2  Biochemistry 2  1 
KEMPYS1  Physical Chemistry 1  3 
LBYKM51  Physical Chemistry 1 Laboratory  1 
LBYKM42  Biochemistry 2 laboratory  3 
KEMPYS2  Physical Chemistry 2  1 
LBYKM52  Physical Chemistry 2 laboratory  2 
KEMPYS3  Physical Chemistry 3  3 
KEMRESC  Chemistry Research  3 
KEMSEMI  Chemistry Seminar  3 
KEMESS1  Essential Chemistry 1  1 
KEMESS2  Essential Chemistry 2  1 
KEMESS3  Essential Chemistry 3  1 
CHYELE2  Chemistry Elective 2  3 
Total  73 
Practicum + Thesis
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
PRCFSCI  Food Science Practicum  3 
THSFSCA  Thesis 1  1 
THSFSCB  Thesis 2  1 
THSFSCC  Thesis 3  1 
Total  6 
Food Science Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
FOODSNT  Food Science and Technology  3 
FOODCHM  Food Chemistry  3 
FOODSNS  Sensory Evaluation  3 
FOODMIC  Food Microbiology  2 
LBYKM44  Food Microbiology laboratory  1 
FOODANA  Food Analysis  3 
LBYKM24  Food Analysis laboratory  1 
FOODPRC  Food Processing and Preservation  3 
FOODENG  Food Engineering  3 
KEMFEL1  Food Laws and Regulations  3 
KEMFEL2  Food Science Elective  3 
Total  28 
Foundation Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
BASMATH  Mathematics Foundation Course  5 
BASPHYS  Physics Foundation Course  3 
BASSTAT  Statistics Foundation Course  3 
BASBIOL  Biology Foundation Course  3 
Total  14 
Other Science Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
Physics 1  3  
Physics 2  3  
Physics 1 Laboratory  1  
Physics 2 Laboratory  1  
KEMSTAT  Chemometrics  3 
KEMATH1  Math Analysis 1  3 
KEMATH2  Math Analysis 2  3 
KEMATH3  Math Analysis 3  3 
DIFEQUA  Differential Equations  3 
Total  23 
Course Descriptions
Foundation Courses
Basic Biology, 3 units  This is a lecture course on the general concepts and principles in Biology which includes an overview on basic biological chemistry, cell structures and functions, cell metabolism, reproduction, genetics, evolution and classification of living organisms. It emphasizes the study of the organ systems of vascular plants and vertebrate (mammalian) animals with reference to other groups as needed. 
Basic Mathematics, 5 units  This is a course on precalculus covering the following topics: Basics of algebra, equations and inequalities in one variable, functions and their graphs, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometric functions, trigonometric identities, inverse trigonometric functions, trigonometric equations, polar coordinate system, coordinates and lines, curve sketching, conic sections, systems of equations, sequences, mathematical induction, and the binomial theorem. 
Basic Physics, 3 units  This is a study of the conceptual foundations of Newtonian mechanics, electricity and magnetism. In examining the concepts mentioned and its relevant consequences, vector methods, as well as the basic concepts of calculus will be used. 
Basic Statistics, 3 units  This is a course covering basic rules of probability, discrete and continuous probability distributions, and introduction to inferential statistics. 
Core Chemistry Courses
Level 1
Principles of Chemistry, 3 units  This course emphasizes fundamental chemical concepts and inorganic structures. Topics to be discussed include atomic and molecular structure, the periodic table and periodicity, chemical bonding, thermochemistry, kinetics and reaction rates, chemical equilibrium, acidbase and solubility equilibria and basic thermodynamics. 
Principles of Chemistry laboratory, 2 units  This course develops basic chemistry laboratory skills. It includes experiments and exercises illustrating the concepts covered in Principles of Chemistry. A more detailed discussion of topics not covered extensively in the lecture is provided through additional experiments and exercises. 
Inorganic Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course is devoted to the study of the principles and trends in the chemistry of the elements and the essentials of structure, bonding and reactivity of inorganic systems. Topics include electrochemistry, reductionoxidation reactions, nuclear chemistry, descriptive chemistry of nonmetals and metals. 
Organic Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course is devoted to the study of the structure and stereochemistry, nomenclature, physical properties including infrared, nuclear magnetic and mass spectroscopic analysis, and synthesis and reactivity of organic molecules. Reaction mechanisms are discussed. The first course covers the alkanes, alkyl halides, alcohols, ethers, and epoxides. 
Organic Chemistry 1 laboratory, 2 units  This laboratory course is designed to develop skills and techniques in handling organic compounds. The course includes the isolation and purification of organic compounds and classical organic analysis. It provides the basic concepts and techniques involved in the determination of physical properties of organic compounds, qualitative analysis of organic compounds, and the separation and purification of organic mixtures. 
Analytical Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course is designed to give the student an understanding of the principles and practice of gravimetric and volumetric methods, potentiometry and spectrophotometry, analytical measurements and data analysis. 
Analytical Chemistry 1, 2 units laboratory  This course applies sampling, calibration, errors and statistical analysis to chemical determinations. Specific volumetric and spectrophotometric analytical techniques covered include aqueous solution equilibria involving acids and bases, complex formation, redox reactions, and solubility equilibria. 
Physical Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course provides the foundation in chemical thermodynamics, physical and chemical equilibria, and an introduction to statistical thermodynamics. 
Physical Chemistry 1 laboratory, 1 unit  This course applies the principles of thermodynamics, kinetics and spectroscopy in some illustrative experiments. It provides an interconnection between experimental observations and underlying theoretical principles in physical chemistry through a variety of physicochemical measurement techniques. 
Level 2
Inorganic Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is a continuation of Inorganic Chemistry 1. It is devoted to the study of the principles and trends in the chemistry of the elements and the essentials of structure, bonding and reactivity of inorganic systems. Topics include bonding theories, symmetry and group theory, crystalline solids, and structure, electronic spectroscopy, and reactions of coordination compounds. Selected topics in organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry and catalysis are introduced. 
Organic Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is a continuation of Organic Chemistry 1. It is devoted to the study of the structure and stereochemistry, nomenclature, physical properties including infrared, nuclear magnetic and mass spectroscopic analysis, and synthesis and reactivity of organic molecules. Reaction mechanisms are discussed. The functional classes of alkenes, alkynes, aromatic compounds, carbonyl compounds, carboxylic acids and derivatives, and amines are covered. 
Organic Chemistry 2 laboratory, 2 units  This course illustrates various types of organic reactions and their application in organic synthesis. It is designed to develop skills and techniques in the synthesis and characterization of organic compounds, including selected spectroscopic methods. 
Biochemistry 1, 3 units 
This course covers the fundamental aspects of biochemistry: the structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids and selected methods of analysis, as well as some processes involved in the flow of biological information. 
Biochemistry 1 laboratory, 1 unit  This laboratory course includes experiments on isolation and qualitative and quantitative tests of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acid; preparation of buffer solutions, enzyme assay, and enzyme kinetics. 
Analytical Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is designed to develop knowledge and skills for analytical separations and instrumental methods of analysis. Emphasis shall be placed on the principles of instrumentation, instrument components, the limitations of measurements, and the selection of appropriate techniques for specific analytical problems. 
Analytical Chemistry 2 laboratory, 2 units 
This course introduces chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques in chemical analysis. Methods include UVvisible spectroscopy, IR spectrometry, atomic absorption and emission spectrometry and fluorescence and phosphorescencebased methods; and liquid and gas chromatography. 
Physical Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is a continuation of Physical Chemistry 1. It covers the application of chemical thermodynamics to physical and chemical equilibrium systems, electrochemistry, transport properties, chemical kinetics and surface chemistry. 
Physical Chemistry 2 laboratory, 1 unit  A laboratory course covering experiments in electrochemistry, transference and conductance in electrolytic solutions, kinetics, absorption, polymer properties, radiochemistry and crystal structure. 
Level 3
Analytical Chemistry 3, 3 units  This course is designed to deepen the knowledge and skills in analytical chemistry particularly in the evaluation and assurance of quality in analytical data. It includes the application of statistics for the results of the evaluation of the results of chemical analysis, as well as principles and methods of quality assurance applied to the analytical chemistry laboratory. It also presents the principles of sampling, sample preparation and calibration. 
Analytical Chemistry 3 laboratory, 1 unit  This course encompasses a comprehensive approach in technical analysis, design and validation of experiments. The course is designed to hone the skills of chemistry students in laboratory techniques through the performance of industrial laboratory analyses and exposure to current good laboratory practices. 
Biochemistry 2, 3 units  This course covers bioenergetics, design and regulation of metabolic pathways; and specific molecular processes involved in the synthesis and degradation of major cellular components such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acid. 
Biochemistry 2 laboratory, 1 unit  This laboratory course introduces students to contemporary tools used in biochemistry and molecular biology including SDSPAGE, DNA/RNA extraction, PCR and agarose electrophoresis. 
Physical Chemistry 3, 3 units  This course is an introduction to the basic principles of quantum mechanics and its applications. It focuses on a conceptual understanding of quantum theory and the application of these and related concepts to solve chemical problems. The course traces the development of the atomic theory to quantum theory. The concepts and postulates of quantum mechanics are introduced and illustrated using simple systems including the particle in a box, the hydrogen atom, the helium atom, the hydrogen molecule ion, and the hydrogen molecule. 
Ancillary Courses
Math Analysis 1, 3 units  A first course in Analysis covering plane analytic geometry, limits and continuity, derivatives of algebraic functions, and their applications. 
Math Analysis 2, 3 units  A continuation of Analysis 1. It covers differentials, indefinite and definite integrals and their applications, derivatives and integrals of logarithmic and exponential functions, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, and techniques of integration. 
Physics 1 – Optics, 3 units  A study of the fundamental concepts of oscillations, waves and optics. It deals with simple harmonic motion, mechanical waves, vibrating bodies, acoustics, electromagnetic waves, and geometrical and physical optics. Some topics on relativity are also included. 
Physics 1 lab  This course supplements the topics discussed in the lecture class. Specifically, experiments in waves and optics are performed to provide the student concrete applications of concepts learned in the lecture class. 
Physics 2 – Electronics, 3 units  
Physics 2 – lab 
Elective Courses
Food Science Elective 1, 3 units 
Food Laws and Regulations. Reviews the history of food law, enactment of laws and regulations, legal research, and regulatory agencies. Examines the impact of mandatory and optional food laws and regulations exercised by state, federal and international agencies on food quality, safety, wholesomeness, and nutrition. 
Food Science Elective 2, 3 units 
Research and Professional Engagement
Thesis 1, 1 unit 
These courses allow the student to develop the research topic proposed in Chemistry Research, through experimentation. A defended oral presentation and the submission of the written scientific report is expected in the final course. 
Thesis 2, 1 unit  
Thesis 3, 1 unit  
Practicum, 3 units  This course provides students the opportunity to gain work experience and practical skills and develop desirable attitudes in the workplace under the supervision of a Chemistry Practicum Coordinator 
Food Science Courses
Fundamentals of Food Science and Technology  A general introductory course in food science that includes aspects of food preservation and processing, food safety, food additives, food legislation and regulation. 
Food Chemistry  The chemical composition of foods is examined especially as related to food properties and function. Reaction mechanisms of chemical processes affecting food quality are discussed. Emphasis is placed on the impact of processing on the quality of foods. Chemistry major and minor components of food materials. Effects of changes in the chemical properties of food components on their functional, nutritional and physical properties. Interand intramolecular associations and their functions. Complex enzymatic and chemical relations involving food components and the effect of these reactions on the properties of food systems. 
Sensory Evaluation  Trains students to measure sensory characteristics of food and use the results to evaluate the impact of factors such as ingredients, processing technology, and storage methods on food quality. Sensory attributes of foods; appearance, odor, flavor and feel of different products and the mechanisms by which those attributes are perceived. Visual, olfactory, gustatory and tactile/kinesthetic senses. Psychophysical senses; scaling, measurement, analysis and interpretation according to product characteristics. Principles of taste and odor testing, physical methods of color and texture measurements. Training sensory panels, difference testing, threshold and dilution tests, ranking tests. Descriptive and rating methods, hedonic tests. 
Food Microbiology  The role and significance of microorganisms in foods with particular reference to food productions, spoilage, preservation, sanitation and poisoning. Emphasis on the use of microorganisms in bioprocessing and also their public health significance. Study of safety aspects related to food production and consumption. Relationship of microorganisms to foods. Characteristics of predominant microorganisms in foods. Sources and significance of microorganisms in foods. Food born pathogens. Indices of food sanitary quality and microbiological standards. Presence of viruses in foods. Sporulation and sporulating organisms in foods. 
Food Processing and Preservation  Chemical preservation methods: use of antimicrobials, antioxidants, curing agents. Preservation by using polymers: design and use of encapsulation systems and edible coatings and films. Preservation through food packaging. Types of packaging materials used, engineering principles of packaging, foodpackage interactions, recent advances in packaging, applications of nanotechnology in food packaging. 
Food Analysis  Application of physical and chemical analytical methods to the quantitative determination of various food constituents and additives. Emphasis on the evaluation of methods and interpretation of results. 
Food Engineering  Raw materials, handling, processing, packaging, storage and distribution of food products; cereal technology, fruit and vegetable processing, meat technology, poultry and egg technology, seafood technology, milk and dairy technology, baking and pasta technology, fat and oil technology, sugar and candy technology, cocoa and chocolate technology, coffee and tea technology, alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverage technology. 
Additional Courses (nonCMO/PSG)
Principles of Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is intended to take the Chemistry major into a deeper discussion of chemical bonding (valence bond and molecular orbital theories), solids, and solutions. Electrochemistry and nuclear chemistry is also covered. Applications of general chemistry concepts and principles to social issues and the environment, particularly the atmosphere, are added as enrichment topics. 
Chemometrics, 3 units  The course is an introduction to applied chemometrics and very relevant to data analysis within chemoinformatics, bioinformatics and process chemistry. Chemometric methods, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression, including common data preprocessing are covered. Some mathematical and statistical expressions will be used in the course and a variety of data (e.g. chemical, sensory and spectroscopic data) will be used as examples. 
Math Analysis 3, 3 units  A continuation of Analysis 2. It covers polar coordinates, indeterminate forms and improper integrals, infinite sequences and series, 3dimensional space, quadratic surfaces, functions of several variables and evaluation of multiple integrals in Cartesian coordinates. 
Differential Equations, 3 units  This is a course in the solution of first order differential equations, and higher order differential equations, Laplace transforms, power series method and boundary value problems. 
Organic Chemistry 3, 3 units  This course covers advanced topics in organic chemistry including molecular orbitals, pericyclic reactions, and enolates. Molecular structure elucidation from NMR spectra, utilizing one and twodimensional techniques, along with mass spectral information is emphasized. 
Chemistry Research, 2 units  This course is designed to prepare students to undertake research in chemistry. It is devoted to the conceptualization, organization and planning of an original project in chemistry. It seeks to familiarize the student with the chemical literature as well as with legal and social issues confronting researches, ethics, and conduct of research, intellectual property rights, scientific writing. The course requirements include the submission of a research proposal. 
Chemistry Seminar, 1 unit  This course is designed to help the student to develop an awareness of recent developments in the field by attending and actively participating in chemistry seminars. The course seeks to train the students to present result, conclusion and views in public. The student is required to present a seminar on a chosen topic, attend department seminars and prepare reaction papers. 
Table 3. Comparison with other Chemistry programs
Coursesa  BS CHYFSC  BS BCH  BS CHY  BS CHYB  CHED Minimum Requirements for BS Chemistry 
General Education  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units 
Lasallian Core Curriculum  9 + (3)*  9 + (3)*  9 + (3)*  9 + (3)*  
Foundation  14  14  11  11  
Chemistry  66  63  69  69  54 
Electives  6  6  9  9  
Thesis + Practicum  6  6  6  6  6 
Other Sciences  23  23  23  23  14 
Program specific  22 (Food Science) 
13 (Biology) 8 (Biochemistry) 
12 (Business) 
6  
Total Number of Units  190 + (9) units  186 + (9)  171 + (9)  183 + (9)  130 units 
199  195  180  192  
Duration  12 terms  12 terms  12 terms  12 terms  8 semesters 
* non academic units
Bachelor of Science in Chemistry Minor in Business
The Bachelor of Science Chemistry in Minor in Business program aims to produce competent and welltrained graduates with sound understanding of chemical and business concepts. In addition, graduates are qualified to take the Chemistry Licensure Examination conducted by the Professional Regulation Commission and become licensed chemists. Their background will qualify them for careers in the following areas: formulation, analysis and testing, consulting, research and development, environmental analyses, forensics, industrial quality control, marketing, management, technical sales, teaching, chemical or instrumentation sales, entrepreneurship. They may suit up for work in private and government institutions: laboratories, manufacturing, universities and colleges, biotech firms, food processing firms, pharmaceutical companies, agricultural, and environmentallyoriented organizations.
Table 1. Summary of the BS Chemistry major in Food Science curriculum
DLSU  CHED Minimum Requirements for BS Chem 

General Education Courses  50 units  50 units 
Lasallian Core Curriculum  12  
Foundation Courses  11  
Chemistry  69 (Core)  54 
Electives  9  6 
Thesis + Practicum  6  6 
Other Science Courses  23  14 
Business Courses  12  
Total Number of Units  183 + (9) units  124 + (6) units 
Duration  12 terms 
Program Outcomes
Critical and creative thinker
 demonstrate a conceptual understanding and problemsolving skills in the fields of analytical, organic, inorganic, biochemistry, and physical chemistry
 show a depth of knowledge in Food Science reflecting an appropriate level of specialization and relate concepts to those of other disciplines
 able to dissect a problem into its key features; develop problemsolving skills relating to qualitative and quantitative information
 demonstrate skills in data collection, analysis, statistical evaluation and interpretation of results
 able to plan experiments, understand their limitations and develop suitable alternative procedures and methods
Effective communicator
 able to present scientific information in a clear and concise manner and to discuss them intelligently and confidently both orally and in writing
 able to collaborate with other researchers and work in a team
 able to comprehend, explore and evaluate ideas and express them clearly, logically and coherently
Reflective lifelong learner
 acquire study and selfdevelopment skills needed for continuing professional development and lifelong learning
 able to reactively and proactively identify business opportunities from current issues and trends
 able to recognize dynamics between the business regulatory environment and the chemical process industry in different global, social, political and economic scenarios
Service – driven citizen
 exercise ethical principles and social responsibility in his / her professional and personal endeavors
 practice effective interpersonal skills in order to interact peacefully with others
 apply critical thinking skills to solve problems and generate designs, systems or products relating to chemistry as a business for the purpose of improving human life and meeting current needs of society
Table 2. Summary of Units
Term 1  Term 2  Term 3  
Year 1  16 (1)  14  13 (3) 
Year 2  16 (4)  17  19 
Year 3  18 (1)  17  18 
Year 4  18  4  13 
Lasallian Core Curriculum
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
LASARE1  Lasallian Recollection 1  0 
LASARE2  Lasallian Recollection 2  0 
LASARE3  Lasallian Recollection 3  0 
LCLSONE  Lasallian Studies 1  (1) 
LCLSTWO  Lasallian Studies 2  (1) 
LCLSTRI  Lasallian Studies 3  (1) 
LCASEAN  The Filipino and ASEAN  3 
LCENWRD  Encountering the Word in the World  3 
Total  6 + (3) 
General Education Courses
NSTPC1/R1  NSTP ProgramCivic Welfare Training Service Military Science 1  (3) 
NSTPC2/R2  NSTP ProgramCivic Welfare Training Service Military Science 1  (3) 
GEFTWEL  Physical Fitness and Wellness  2 
GEDANCE  Physical Fitness and Wellness in Dance  2 
GESPORT  Physical Fitness and Wellness in Individual/Dual Sports  2 
GETEAMS  Physical Fitness and Wellness in Team Sports  3 
GEMATMW  Math in the Modern World  3 
GEFILI1  Introduksiyon sa Filipinolohiya  3 
GEFILI2  Mga Usaping Pangwika sa iba’tibang Larangan  3 
GEUSELF  Understanding the Self  3 
GEARTAP  Art Appreciation  3 
GEETHIC  Ethics  3 
GERIZAL  Life and Works of Rizal  3 
GESTSOC  Science, Technology and Society  3 
GERPHIS  Readings in Philippine History  3 
GEWORLD  The Contemporary World  3 
GEPCOMM  Purposive Communication  3 
GELITPH  Literatures of the Philippines  3 
Total  60+ (6) 
Chemistry Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
KEMPRN1  Principles of Chemistry 1  3 
KEMPRN2  Principles of Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM10  Principles of Chemistry laboratory  2 
KEMINO1  Inorganic Chemistry  3 
KEMORG1  Organic Chemistry 1  3 
LBYKM31  Organic Chemistry 1 laboratory  2 
KEMANA1  Analytical Chemistry 1  3 
LBYKM21  Analytical Chemistry 1 Laboratory  2 
KEMORG2  Organic Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM32  Organic Chemistry 2 Laboratory  2 
KEMANA2  Analytical Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM22  Analytical Chemistry 2 laboratory  2 
KEMBIO1  Biochemistry 1  3 
LBYKM41  Biochemistry 1 laboratory  1 
KEMINO2  Inorganic Chemistry 2  3 
KEMORG3  Organic Chemistry 3  3 
KEMANA3  Analytical Chemistry 3  3 
LBYKM23  Analytical Chemistry 3 laboratory  1 
KEMBIO2  Biochemistry 2  3 
KEMPYS1  Physical Chemistry 1  3 
LBYKM51  Physical Chemistry 1 Laboratory  1 
LBYKM42  Biochemistry 2 laboratory  1 
KEMPYS2  Physical Chemistry 2  3 
LBYKM52  Physical Chemistry 2 laboratory  1 
KEMPYS3  Physical Chemistry 3  3 
KEMRESC  Chemistry Research  2 
KEMSEMI  Chemistry Seminar  1 
KEMESS1  Essential Chemistry 1  1 
KEMESS2  Essential Chemistry 2  1 
KEMESS3  Essential Chemistry 3  1 
KEMZEL1  Chemistry Elective 1  3 
KEMZEL2  Chemistry Elective 2  3 
KEMZEL3  Chemistry Elective 3  3 
KEMINDS  Industrial Chemistry  3 
Total  78 
Practicum + Thesis
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
PRCCHYB  Practicum  3 
THSCHBA  Thesis 1  1 
THSCHBB  Thesis 2  1 
THSCHBC  Thesis 3  1 
Total  6 
Foundation Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
BASMATH  Mathematics Foundation Course  5 
BASPHYS  Physics Foundation Course  3 
BASSTAT  Statistics Foundation Course  3 
Total  11 
Other Science Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
Physics 1  3  
Physics 2  3  
Physics 1 (Lab)  1  
Physics 2 (Lab)  1  
KEMSTAT  Chemometrics  3 
KEMATH1  Math Analysis 1  3 
KEMATH2  Math Analysis 2  3 
KEMATH3  Math Analysis 3  3 
DIFEQUA  Differential Equations  3 
Total  23 
Business Courses
Course Code  Course Title  Units 
Principles of Management and Business Organization  
Entrepreneurship and Environmental Scanning for NonCommerce  
Introduction to Business Law, Taxation and Legal Environment for NonCommerce Students  
Introduction to Marketing  
Venture Capitalism  
Finance for NonCommerce Students  
Accounting for NonCommerce Students  
Total  12 
Course Descriptions
Foundation Courses
Basic Mathematics, 5 units  This is a course on precalculus covering the following topics: Basics of algebra, equations and inequalities in one variable, functions and their graphs, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometric functions, trigonometric identities, inverse trigonometric functions, trigonometric equations, polar coordinate system, coordinates and lines, curve sketching, conic sections, systems of equations, sequences, mathematical induction, and the binomial theorem. 
Basic Physics, 3 units  This is a study of the conceptual foundations of Newtonian mechanics, electricity and magnetism. In examining the concepts mentioned and its relevant consequences, vector methods, as well as the basic concepts of calculus will be used. 
Basic Statistics, 3 units  This is a course covering basic rules of probability, discrete and continuous probability distributions, and introduction to inferential statistics. 
Core Chemistry Courses
Level 1
Principles of Chemistry, 3 units  This course emphasizes fundamental chemical concepts and inorganic structures. Topics to be discussed include atomic and molecular structure, the periodic table and periodicity, chemical bonding, thermochemistry, kinetics and reaction rates, chemical equilibrium, acidbase and solubility equilibria and basic thermodynamics. 
Principles of Chemistry laboratory, 2 units  This course develops basic chemistry laboratory skills. It includes experiments and exercises illustrating the concepts covered in Principles of Chemistry. A more detailed discussion of topics not covered extensively in the lecture is provided through additional experiments and exercises. 
Inorganic Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course is devoted to the study of the principles and trends in the chemistry of the elements and the essentials of structure, bonding and reactivity of inorganic systems. Topics include electrochemistry, reductionoxidation reactions, nuclear chemistry, descriptive chemistry of nonmetals and metals. 
Organic Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course is devoted to the study of the structure and stereochemistry, nomenclature, physical properties including infrared, nuclear magnetic and mass spectroscopic analysis, and synthesis and reactivity of organic molecules. Reaction mechanisms are discussed. The first course covers the alkanes, alkyl halides, alcohols, ethers, and epoxides. 
Organic Chemistry 1 laboratory, 2 units  This laboratory course is designed to develop skills and techniques in handling organic compounds. The course includes the isolation and purification of organic compounds and classical organic analysis. It provides the basic concepts and techniques involved in the determination of physical properties of organic compounds, qualitative analysis of organic compounds, and the separation and purification of organic mixtures. 
Analytical Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course is designed to give the student an understanding of the principles and practice of gravimetric and volumetric methods, potentiometry and spectrophotometry, analytical measurements and data analysis. 
Analytical Chemistry 1, 2 units laboratory  This course applies sampling, calibration, errors and statistical analysis to chemical determinations. Specific volumetric and spectrophotometric analytical techniques covered include aqueous solution equilibria involving acids and bases, complex formation, redox reactions, and solubility equilibria. 
Physical Chemistry 1, 3 units  This course provides the foundation in chemical thermodynamics, physical and chemical equilibria, and an introduction to statistical thermodynamics. 
Physical Chemistry 1 laboratory, 1 unit  This course applies the principles of thermodynamics, kinetics and spectroscopy in some illustrative experiments. It provides an interconnection between experimental observations and underlying theoretical principles in physical chemistry through a variety of physicochemical measurement techniques. 
Level 2
Inorganic Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is a continuation of Inorganic Chemistry 1. It is devoted to the study of the principles and trends in the chemistry of the elements and the essentials of structure, bonding and reactivity of inorganic systems. Topics include bonding theories, symmetry and group theory, crystalline solids, and structure, electronic spectroscopy, and reactions of coordination compounds. Selected topics in organometallic and bioinorganic chemistry and catalysis are introduced. 
Organic Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is a continuation of Organic Chemistry 1. It is devoted to the study of the structure and stereochemistry, nomenclature, physical properties including infrared, nuclear magnetic and mass spectroscopic analysis, and synthesis and reactivity of organic molecules. Reaction mechanisms are discussed. The functional classes of alkenes, alkynes, aromatic compounds, carbonyl compounds, carboxylic acids and derivatives, and amines are covered. 
Organic Chemistry 2 laboratory, 2 units  This course illustrates various types of organic reactions and their application in organic synthesis. It is designed to develop skills and techniques in the synthesis and characterization of organic compounds, including selected spectroscopic methods. 
Biochemistry 1, 3 units  This course covers the fundamental aspects
of biochemistry: the structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids and selected methods of analysis, as well as some processes involved in the flow of biological information. 
Biochemistry 1 laboratory, 1 unit  This laboratory course includes experiments on isolation and qualitative and quantitative tests of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acid; preparation of buffer solutions, enzyme assay, and enzyme kinetics. 
Analytical Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is designed to develop knowledge and skills for analytical separations and instrumental methods of analysis. Emphasis shall be placed on the principles of instrumentation, instrument components, the limitations of measurements, and the selection of appropriate techniques for specific analytical problems. 
Analytical Chemistry 2 laboratory, 2 units  This course introduces chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques in chemical analysis. Methods include UVvisible spectroscopy, IR spectrometry, atomic absorption
and emission spectrometry and fluorescence and phosphorescencebased methods; and liquid and gas chromatography. 
Physical Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is a continuation of Physical Chemistry 1. It covers the application of chemical thermodynamics to physical and chemical equilibrium systems, electrochemistry, transport properties, chemical kinetics and surface chemistry. 
Physical Chemistry 2 laboratory, 1 unit  A laboratory course covering experiments in electrochemistry, transference and conductance in electrolytic solutions, kinetics, absorption, polymer properties, radiochemistry and crystal structure. 
Level 3
Analytical Chemistry 3, 3 units  This course is designed to deepen the knowledge and skills in analytical chemistry particularly in the evaluation and assurance of quality in analytical data. It includes the application of statistics for the results of the evaluation of the results of chemical analysis, as well as principles and methods of quality assurance applied to the analytical chemistry laboratory. It also presents the principles of sampling, sample preparation and calibration. 
Analytical Chemistry 3 laboratory, 1 unit  This course encompasses a comprehensive approach in technical analysis, design and validation of experiments. The course is designed to hone the skills of chemistry students in laboratory techniques through the performance of industrial laboratory analyses and exposure to current good laboratory practices. 
Biochemistry 2, 3 units  This course covers bioenergetics, design and regulation of metabolic pathways; and specific molecular processes involved in the synthesis and degradation of major cellular components such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acid. 
Biochemistry 2 laboratory, 1 unit  This laboratory course introduces students to contemporary tools used in biochemistry and molecular biology including SDSPAGE, DNA/RNA extraction, PCR and agarose electrophoresis. 
Physical Chemistry 3, 3 units  This course is an introduction to the basic principles of quantum mechanics and its applications. It focuses on a conceptual understanding of quantum theory and the application of these and related concepts to solve chemical problems. The course traces the development of the atomic theory to quantum theory. The concepts and postulates of quantum mechanics are introduced and illustrated using simple systems including the particle in a box, the hydrogen atom, the helium atom, the hydrogen molecule ion, and the hydrogen molecule. 
Ancillary Courses
Math Analysis 1, 3 units  A first course in Analysis covering plane analytic geometry, limits and continuity, derivatives of algebraic functions, and their applications. 
Math Analysis 2, 3 units  A continuation of Analysis 1. It covers differentials, indefinite and definite integrals and their applications, derivatives and integrals of logarithmic and exponential functions, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, and techniques of integration. 
Physics 1 – Optics, 3 units  A study of the fundamental concepts of oscillations, waves and optics. It deals with simple harmonic motion, mechanical waves, vibrating bodies, acoustics, electromagnetic waves, and geometrical and physical optics. Some topics on relativity are also included. 
Physics 1 lab  This course supplements the topics discussed in the lecture class. Specifically, experiments in waves and optics are performed to provide the student concrete applications of concepts learned in the lecture class. 
Physics 2 – Electronics, 3 units  
Physics 2 – lab 
Elective Courses
Food Science Elective 1, 3 units  Food Laws and Regulations. Reviews the history of food law, enactment of laws and regulations, legal research, and regulatory agencies. Examines the impact of mandatory and optional food laws and regulations exercised by state, federal and international agencies on food quality, safety,
wholesomeness, and nutrition. 
Food Science Elective 2, 3 units 
Research and Professional Engagement
Thesis 1, 1 unit  These courses allow the student to develop the research topic proposed in Chemistry Research, through experimentation.
A defended oral presentation and the submission of the written scientific report is expected in the final course. 
Thesis 2, 1 unit  
Thesis 3, 1 unit  
Practicum, 3 units  This course provides students the opportunity to gain work experience and practical skills and develop desirable attitudes in the workplace under the supervision of a Chemistry Practicum Coordinator 
Additional Courses (nonCMO/PSG)
Principles of Chemistry 2, 3 units  This course is intended to take the Chemistry major into a deeper discussion of chemical bonding (valence bond and molecular orbital theories), solids, and solutions. Electrochemistry and nuclear chemistry is also covered. Applications of general chemistry concepts and principles to social issues and the environment, particularly the atmosphere, are added as enrichment topics. 
Chemometrics, 3 units  The course is an introduction to applied chemometrics and very relevant to data analysis within chemoinformatics, bioinformatics and process chemistry. Chemometric methods, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression, including common data preprocessing are covered. Some mathematical and statistical expressions will be used in the course and a variety of data (e.g. chemical, sensory and spectroscopic data) will be used as examples. 
Math Analysis 3, 3 units  A continuation of Analysis 2. It covers polar coordinates, indeterminate forms and improper integrals, infinite sequences and series, 3dimensional space, quadratic surfaces, functions of several variables and evaluation of multiple integrals in Cartesian coordinates. 
Differential Equations, 3 units  This is a course in the solution of first order differential equations, and higher order differential equations, Laplace transforms, power series method and boundary value problems. 
Organic Chemistry 3, 3 units  This course covers advanced topics in organic chemistry including molecular orbitals, pericyclic reactions, and enolates. Molecular structure elucidation from NMR spectra, utilizing one and twodimensional techniques, along with mass spectral information is emphasized. 
Chemistry Research, 2 units  This course is designed to prepare students to undertake research in chemistry. It is devoted to the conceptualization, organization and planning of an original project in chemistry. It seeks to familiarize the student with the chemical literature as well as with legal and social issues confronting researches, ethics, and conduct of research, intellectual property rights, scientific writing. The course requirements include the submission of a research proposal. 
Chemistry Seminar, 1 unit  This course is designed to help the student to develop an awareness of recent developments in the field by attending and actively participating in chemistry seminars. The course seeks to train the students to present result, conclusion and views in public. The student is required to present a seminar on a chosen topic, attend department seminars and prepare reaction papers. 
Table 3. Comparison with other Chemistry programs
Courses  BS CHYFSC  BS BCH  BS CHY  BS CHYB  CHED Minimum Requirements for BS Chemistry 
General Education  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units  44 + (6)* units  36 units 
Lasallian Core Curriculum  9 + (3)*  9 + (3)*  9 + (3)*  9 + (3)*  
Foundation  14  14  11  11  
Chemistry  66  63  69  69  54 
Electives  6  6  9  9  
Thesis + Practicum  6  6  6  6  6 
Other Sciences  23  23  23  23  14 
Program specific  22 (Food Science) 
13 (Biology) 8 (Biochemistry) 
12 (Business) 
6  
Total Number of Units  190 + (9) units  186 + (9)  171 + (9)  183 + (9)  130 units 
199  195  180  192  
Duration  12 terms  12 terms  12 terms  12 terms  8 semesters 
Bachelor of Science in Human Biology
Degree Codes: Program BSBIO Plan BHBIO
Human Anatomy
15 Units
The course consists of classrooms discussion with the aid of projection slides, transparencies and actual demonstration and laboratory work consisting of cadaver dissection, brain dissection and microscopy sessions. The traditional subdivisions of Anatomy, namely: Gross Anatomy, Neuroanatomy, Histology and Embryology, are integrated into one course. At appropriate points during the course, the students are introduced to the basic principles and application of radiographic anatomy as well as clinical anatomy. Sessions are held to include projection of normal radiographs of various anatomical structures.
There is emphasis on crosssectional anatomy of various body parts and examples of CTscans are shown to the students. Embryologic considerations are geared towards the understanding of common congenital anomalies.
Physiology
12 Units
The course involves the study of the functions and the interrelationships that exist among cells, tissues, organs and systems and ultimately to the level of the human body as a whole. Autoregulatory and control mechanisms are emphasized to give students an in depth understanding of the important homeostatic mechanisms responsible for maintaining normal function. In the second semester, special topics are taken up. Such topics include higher functions of the central nervous system like learning and memory, sleep consciousness, space physiology, physiology of exercise and regulation of body temperature.
Functions are correlated with Human Anatomy and Biochemistry at all levels and integrated with clinical applications and demonstrations in the later part of the course.
Laboratory sessions consist of experiments done on human subjects whenever possible. The experiments are designed to develop in the students the proper skills and attitudes in analyzing problems based on the experimental data obtained.
Clinical Biochemistry
9.5 units
The course constists of lectures, discussions, problem sets, and slide presentations that start with the biochemistry of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids, enzyme chemistry and regulation of enzyme activity to provide an indepth understanding of the metabolic interrelationships and control at the cellular and tissue levels. The biochemistry of membrane structure and transport, immunoglobulins, blood coagulation, muscle contraction and hemoglobin metabolism are discussed. Molecular gentics, control of gene expression, developments in recombinant DNA Technology and gentic engineering, xenobiotics, oncogenes and cancer are also dicussed. Attention is called to biochemical derangements in commonly occuring clinical state or genetic abnormalities to provide clinical relevance. In the latter part of the course, the biochemistry and functions of essential elements are discussed. Nutritional concepts and biochemical basis of nutrition is emphasized. Finally, the h omeostatic role of hormones and the control of body fluid neutrality are discussed from the biochemical point of view.
Perspectives in Medicine
1.0 unit
The course is designed to introduce the students to the various aspects of Medicine such as basics in the teaching and learning process and the use of instructional objectives.
Guest speakers are invited to share their experiences in their different fields of expertise like research, teaching, community service, and subspecialization in private practice. Special Training Programs in Basic Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) is conducted by experts to show how medical personnel should behave in an emergency situation. Students are required to demonstrate CPR and practice among themselves or with mannequins.
The students also learn important events and personalities that contributed to the evolution of the modern day practice of medicine through group reports, dramatization, handouts, and formal lectures.
Psychiatry 1
1.5 units
The course presents the history and development of Psychiatry; the overview of the major concepts of personality development; and the different schools of thoughts of Psychiatry. It concentrates on the biologic, cognitive, psychosocial, pyschosexual and moral aspects of personality development from birth to late adulthood; and the implications of developmental arrest and psychopathology. It includes the structural components of the psychic apparatus and the different coping mechanisms as a means of handling frustrations and crises.
Biorganic Chemistry 1
3 units
A course dealing with the introduction to organic molecules,concepts of hybridization, nomenclature, and functional group classes and stereochemistry.
Prerequisite: General Chemistry 2
Biorganic Chemistry 2
3 units
This course deals with the applications of concepts from Biorganic Chemistry 1 to biomolecules. Reactivity, structure, and functions of biomolecules such as amino acids and proteins, carbohydrates, lipids DNA and RNA will be discussed. The course has a laboratory component consisting of three hours per week.
Prerequisite: Biorganic Chemistry 1
Bachelor of Science in Mathematics (BSMTH) with specialization in
Business Applications (BSMTHBAP)
Computer Applications (BSMTHCAP)
In answer to the growing needs of business, industry, government and academe, the Department instituted the B.S. Applied Mathematics program with specialization in Operations Research in 1978. Since then, other fields of specialization have been included as options for students in this program, namely, Computer Applications and Actuarial Science /Statistics. The quality of the program was further enhanced when it was revised in 1990 into a B.S. in Mathematics program in accordance with the policies and standards for the basic sciences and mathematics education given out by the DECS and the DOST in 1986.
The new program not only incorporates all the core courses for a B.S. in Mathematics program prescribed by the DECS – DOST but also includes enough specialized courses to build up capability in Computer Applications and Actuarial Science/Statistics. Hence, in addition to the strong theoretical background, the program also provides training in these two streams. Starting with school year 19981999, a new stream of specialization in Business Applications was implemented.
Today, the department offers the Bachelor of Science in Mathematics with specialization in Business Applications or Computer Applications.
In the Business Application stream, students are equipped with a solid foundation in the theory and business applications of statistics and operations research to be better qualified for top level management positions.
In the Computer Application stream, computers are extensively used in the courses offered. This ensures that the students learn both the theoretical and practical aspects of computers.
OBJECTIVES AND GOALS OF THE BS MATHEMATICS PROGRAM
 To prepare the student for a mathematics – oriented career in industry, business and public administration.
 To provide the student with the mathematical training that will enable him to teach basic service courses in mathematics.
 To prepare the student for more advanced studies in mathematics.
 To develop the creative potential of the student through research.
LENGTH OF THE PROGRAM – 10 terms and a Summer Practicum
ALGEBRA AND TRIGONOMETRY
College Algebra (MATH111)
3 units
A course covering the number systems, algebraic functions, relations and graphs, equations, systems of equations, inequalities, and inverse functions.
Trigonometry (MATH112)
3 units
A course including polynomial functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, circular functions, trigonometric identities and equations, complex numbers, law of sines, law of cosines and solution of triangles.
Mathematical Analysis 1 (MATH113)
4 units
A first course in Analysis covering plane analytic geometry, limits and continuity, derivatives of algebraic functions, and their applications.
Prerequisite: College Algebra
Mathematical Analysis 2 (MATH114)
4 units
A continuation of Analysis 1. It covers differentials, indefinite and definite integrals and their applications, derivatives and integrals of logarithmic and exponential functions, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, and techniques of integration.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 1
Mathematical Analysis 3 (MATH115)
4 units
A continuation of Analysis 2. It covers polar coordinates, indeterminate forms and improper integrals, infinite sequences and series, 3dimensional space, quadratic surfaces, functions of several variables and evaluation of multiple integrals in Cartesian coordinates.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 2
Mathematical Analysis 4 (MATH116)
3 units
A continuation of Analysis 3. It covers vectors in the plane and 3 – dimensional space, directional derivatives to extrema of functions of several variables, evaluation of multiple integrals in spherical and cylindrical coordinates and their applications.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 3
Ordinary Differential Equations (DIFEQUA)
3 units
A course in the solution of first order differential equations, and higher order differential equations, Laplace transforms, power series method and boundary value problems.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 3
Introduction to Statistics 1 (INTSTA1)
3 units
A course covering descriptive statistics, basic rules of probability, discrete probability distributions, normal distribution, sampling distributions, confidence intervals and tests of hypotheses for means, difference of means and variance, t and chisquare distribution and proportion.
Prerequisite: College Algebra
Linear Algebra (LINEALG)
3 units
A study of systems of linear equations, vector spaces, linear dependence, bases dimensions, linear transformations, matrices, determinants, eigenvalues and eigenvectors.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 2
Modern Algebra (MODEALG)
3 units
A course in partitions and equivalence relations; properties of integers, groups, subgroups, normal subgroup and factor group, fundamental homomorphism theorem for groups, isomorphism theorems; and Cayley’s theorem.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Set Theory
Advanced Calculus 1 (ADVACA1)
3 units
A course covering the real number system as a complete, ordered field; topological properties of R and R2 , limits and continuity; sequences and series of constants; sequences and series of functions.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 4
Advanced Calculus 2 (ADVACA2)
3 units
A course covering uniform convergence, fundamental theorems of differential and integral calculus involving functions of several variables.
Prerequisite: Advanced Calculus 1
Complex Analysis (COMANAL)
3 units
A course covering De Moivre’s theorem, analytic functions of complex variables, harmonic functions, multiple – valued functions, contour integration, the Jordan curve theorem, the Cauchy Integral theorem, Taylor series, Laurent series, residues and poles, and conformal mappings.
Prerequisite: Advanced Calculus 1
Introduction to Numerical Analysis (NUMENAL)
3 units
A course in linear and nonlinear equations, system of linear equations, numerical differentiation and integration, and numerical solutions to differential equations.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 4,
Corequisite: Differential Equation
Basic Computer Concepts (BASCONC)
3 units
This course is a general introduction to computers: number systems, data representations, logic systems, _oolean algebra, compilers, operating systems and network.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Computing and Information Technology for Science Students
Computer for Math1 (COMMAT1)
3 units
This course covers the fundamentals of logic formulation and their implementation using the Turbo Pascal programming language. Topics discussed in the course include simple data types, arithmetic operators, builtin functions, assignment operation, IO operation, _oolean expressions, conditional statements, looping structures, compound statements, procedures and functions, parameter passing, arrays and scoping.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Computing and Information Technology for Science Students.
Computer for Math2 (COMMAT2)
3 units
This course discusses topics which include strings and string manipulation, records, dynamic data structures particularly pointers, and abstract data types implemented using pointers like the singly linked lists, the doubly linked lists and the circular lists. Recursion as an approach in programming and topics in file handling are also discussed in this course. Turbo Pascal is used as the programming language tool.
Prerequisite: Computer for Math 1
Computer for Math3 (COMMAT3)
3 units
This is a course in computer programming using C and C++ programming languages. The first part of the course discusses nonobjectoriented constructs that are features of the C language. The second part of the course introduces objectoriented programming concepts using C++. Concepts of objectoriented programming, their semantics and implementation as well as programming methodology and application development in C++ are discussed in the second part.
Prerequisite: Computer for Math 2
Computer Systems (COMPSYS)
3 units
This course discuss the hardware and software components that make up a complete computer system. The functional units of a computer system such as the processing unit, the arithmetic logic unit, the input and output units and the memory unit are also discussed. Memory organization and computer peripherals and workstations, as well as the basic theories of interpreters, compilers and language translators, are also covered.
Prerequisite: Basic Computer Concepts
Introduction to Computing and Information Technology for Science Students (COMSCI1)
2 units
This course is an introduction to the fundamental concepts of computer systems such as the computer’s software and hardware components, data and computer security and the DOS and Windows operating systems. Students are also taught how to use Windows application softwares for text processing, graphing and spreadsheets. Internet services such as the electronic mail and Netscape are also discussed.
Data Structures (DATSTRU)
3 units
This course discusses the different linear and nonlinear data structures such as arrays, stacks, queues, trees and graphs. Storage allocation, representation and implementation of these data structures are discussed as well as the algorithms used in creating, updating and accessing them. Topics in file organization are also discussed in this course.
Prerequisite: Computer Language 2
Database Language (DBLANGE)
3 units
In this subject, students are taught one relational database language and are expected to develop a relational database application system that is fully functional.
Prerequisite: Data Structures
Corequisite: Theory of Databases
Theory of Databases (DATBASE)
3 units
This course covers the basic theories behind databases, data models and database design. The course concentrates mainly on relational databases.
Prerequisite: Data Structures
Corequisite: Database Language
Management Information Systems Concepts (MISCON)
3 units
This course discusses information systems, their conceptual and technical foundations, their users, components, mission and capabilities and how they are developed and used in organizations. It also discusses both conventional and stateoftheart information technologies and how they fit within a business organization, the kinds of processes they could support, the kinds of problems they could solve, their potential benefits and limitations, and the unique development, management and integration considerations associated with each.
Prerequisite: Systems Analysis and Design
Operating Systems Concepts (OPERSIS)
3 units
This course discusses operating system concepts which include processor scheduling, disk scheduling, memory management, file management, deadlocks, multiprogramming environment and concurrent processes.
Prerequisite: Computer Systems
Mathematical Simulation (MATHSIM)
3 units
This is an applied subject wherein concepts learned from the major mathematics subjects are modeled and simulated using the C programming language.
Prerequisites: Numerical Analysis, Linear Algebra
Systems Analysis and Design (SYNALDE)
3 units
This course covers the different phases of information system development: initiation, development and implementation. Structured systems analysis and design tools, techniques and application are also included.
Prerequisite: Software Engineering
Modern Geometry (MODEGEO)
3 units
A course dealing with the geometries of the Euclidean plane, the sphere and the projective plane. Topics include congruence, isometries, affine transformations, Desargue’s Theorem and Pappus Theorem.
Prerequisites: Linear Algebra, Modern Algebra
Linear Programming (LINPROG)
3 units
As a first course in operations research, this course exposes the students to basic linear optimization analysis, the revised simplex method, duality, and the interiorpoint method.
Prerequisite: Linear Algebra
Operations Research Models (ORMODEL)
3 units
This is an introductory course on the basic operations research models. Topics to be covered are the transportation model, assignment model, _oolean_pment model, network models, PERT/CPM, basic inventory models, and integer linear programming.
Prerequisite: Linear Programming
Enumerative Approaches to Optimization (ENUMAPP)
3 units
This course introduces the student to the fundamental theory and the solution approaches to discrete/combinatorial optimization models. Essentially, the course covers dynamic programming, branchandbound, and the combinations of these two prominent optimization approaches.
Prerequisite: Operations Research Models
Decision Theory (DECITHE)
3 units
This course introduces the student to the complexity and the analysis of the decision making process. It covers game theory, decision making under uncertainty, strategies, decision making under risk, and multiple criteria decision making.
Prerequisite: Linear Programming, Introduction to Statistics
Seminar Course in Mathematics (MATSEMI)
1 unit
A course requiring eight hours of attendance in lectures or seminars conducted by visiting professors or faculty members of the department on various topics and the remaining hours for lectures by the students.
Prerequisite: Junior Standing
Thesis Writing 1 (THSMTH1)
2 units
Introduction to research techniques and research topics. The student is required to submit a thesis proposal.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing
Thesis Writing 2 THSMTH2)
3 units
The course requirement is a bachelor’s thesis done by the student under the guidance of an adviser.
Prerequisite: Thesis Writing 1
Introduction to Set Theory (INTOSET)
3 units
A course covering the review of principles of logic, valid arguments and methods of proof; axioms on sets; algebra of sets; relations and functions; the number systems, mathematical induction; countable and uncountable sets; axiom of choice and the continuum hypothesis; ordering and ordinals.
Applied Multivariate Analysis (APMULTI)
3 units
A course dealing with discriminant analysis, analysis of covariance, multidimensional scaling applied to business problems.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Linear Models
Introduction to Statistics 2 (INTSTA2)
3 units
A second course in statistics covering chisquare and F distributions, tests of hypotheses for difference of means, proportion, difference of proportions, variance, difference of variances, regressions, correlation, analysis of variance, and the use of nonparametric methods. It also includes the steps to be undertaken in conducting sample surveys, theoretical discussions on the different sampling designs, estimation procedures using the various designs, sample size estimation as well as variance reduction techniques.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Statistics
Linear Models for Business Applications (LIMOBAP)
3 units
A study of the various linear statistical models that arise in practice. Topics include multivariate normal distribution, distribution of quadratic forms, general linear models, estimation and tests of hypotheses about linear hypotheses and design matrices giving rise to analysis of variance models.
Prerequisite: Linear Algebra, Inferential Statistics
Mathematical Probability (MATPROB)
3 units
A course in probability theory. Topics include, the concept of sample space and events, conditional probability, probability density function, cumulative distribution functions, mathematical expectations, joint and marginal distribution and functions of several random variables. Special distributions such as uniform, binomial, poisson, geometric, gamma, beta, exponential, normal distributions, etc., are covered.
Prerequisite: MATH115
Time Series Analysis and Forecasting (TIMEFOR)
3 units
A course dealing with the different methods of forecasting time series data – classical smoothing procedures and the use of statistical models. The theoretical and model building issues of techniques like exponential smoothing, moving average, seasonal decomposition, ARIMA models, and transfer function economic, agricultural, financial, meteorological among others.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Linear Models
Bachelor of Science in Mathematics (BSMTH) with specialization in
Business Applications (BSMTHBAP)
Computer Applications (BSMTHCAP)
In answer to the growing needs of business, industry, government and academe, the Department instituted the B.S. Applied Mathematics program with specialization in Operations Research in 1978. Since then, other fields of specialization have been included as options for students in this program, namely, Computer Applications and Actuarial Science /Statistics. The quality of the program was further enhanced when it was revised in 1990 into a B.S. in Mathematics program in accordance with the policies and standards for the basic sciences and mathematics education given out by the DECS and the DOST in 1986.
The new program not only incorporates all the core courses for a B.S. in Mathematics program prescribed by the DECS – DOST but also includes enough specialized courses to build up capability in Computer Applications and Actuarial Science/Statistics. Hence, in addition to the strong theoretical background, the program also provides training in these two streams. Starting with school year 19981999, a new stream of specialization in Business Applications was implemented.
Today, the department offers the Bachelor of Science in Mathematics with specialization in Business Applications or Computer Applications.
In the Business Application stream, students are equipped with a solid foundation in the theory and business applications of statistics and operations research to be better qualified for top level management positions.
In the Computer Application stream, computers are extensively used in the courses offered. This ensures that the students learn both the theoretical and practical aspects of computers.
OBJECTIVES AND GOALS OF THE BS MATHEMATICS PROGRAM
 To prepare the student for a mathematics – oriented career in industry, business and public administration.
 To provide the student with the mathematical training that will enable him to teach basic service courses in mathematics.
 To prepare the student for more advanced studies in mathematics.
 To develop the creative potential of the student through research.
LENGTH OF THE PROGRAM – 10 terms and a Summer Practicum
ALGEBRA AND TRIGONOMETRY
College Algebra (MATH111)
3 units
A course covering the number systems, algebraic functions, relations and graphs, equations, systems of equations, inequalities, and inverse functions.
Trigonometry (MATH112)
3 units
A course including polynomial functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, circular functions, trigonometric identities and equations, complex numbers, law of sines, law of cosines and solution of triangles.
Mathematical Analysis 1 (MATH113)
4 units
A first course in Analysis covering plane analytic geometry, limits and continuity, derivatives of algebraic functions, and their applications.
Prerequisite: College Algebra
Mathematical Analysis 2 (MATH114)
4 units
A continuation of Analysis 1. It covers differentials, indefinite and definite integrals and their applications, derivatives and integrals of logarithmic and exponential functions, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, and techniques of integration.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 1
Mathematical Analysis 3 (MATH115)
4 units
A continuation of Analysis 2. It covers polar coordinates, indeterminate forms and improper integrals, infinite sequences and series, 3dimensional space, quadratic surfaces, functions of several variables and evaluation of multiple integrals in Cartesian coordinates.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 2
Mathematical Analysis 4 (MATH116)
3 units
A continuation of Analysis 3. It covers vectors in the plane and 3 – dimensional space, directional derivatives to extrema of functions of several variables, evaluation of multiple integrals in spherical and cylindrical coordinates and their applications.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 3
Ordinary Differential Equations (DIFEQUA)
3 units
A course in the solution of first order differential equations, and higher order differential equations, Laplace transforms, power series method and boundary value problems.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 3
Introduction to Statistics 1 (INTSTA1)
3 units
A course covering descriptive statistics, basic rules of probability, discrete probability distributions, normal distribution, sampling distributions, confidence intervals and tests of hypotheses for means, difference of means and variance, t and chisquare distribution and proportion.
Prerequisite: College Algebra
Linear Algebra (LINEALG)
3 units
A study of systems of linear equations, vector spaces, linear dependence, bases dimensions, linear transformations, matrices, determinants, eigenvalues and eigenvectors.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 2
Modern Algebra (MODEALG)
3 units
A course in partitions and equivalence relations; properties of integers, groups, subgroups, normal subgroup and factor group, fundamental homomorphism theorem for groups, isomorphism theorems; and Cayley’s theorem.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Set Theory
Advanced Calculus 1 (ADVACA1)
3 units
A course covering the real number system as a complete, ordered field; topological properties of R and R2 , limits and continuity; sequences and series of constants; sequences and series of functions.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 4
Advanced Calculus 2 (ADVACA2)
3 units
A course covering uniform convergence, fundamental theorems of differential and integral calculus involving functions of several variables.
Prerequisite: Advanced Calculus 1
Complex Analysis (COMANAL)
3 units
A course covering De Moivre’s theorem, analytic functions of complex variables, harmonic functions, multiple – valued functions, contour integration, the Jordan curve theorem, the Cauchy Integral theorem, Taylor series, Laurent series, residues and poles, and conformal mappings.
Prerequisite: Advanced Calculus 1
Introduction to Numerical Analysis (NUMENAL)
3 units
A course in linear and nonlinear equations, system of linear equations, numerical differentiation and integration, and numerical solutions to differential equations.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 4,
Corequisite: Differential Equation
Basic Computer Concepts (BASCONC)
3 units
This course is a general introduction to computers: number systems, data representations, logic systems, _oolean algebra, compilers, operating systems and network.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Computing and Information Technology for Science Students
Computer for Math1 (COMMAT1)
3 units
This course covers the fundamentals of logic formulation and their implementation using the Turbo Pascal programming language. Topics discussed in the course include simple data types, arithmetic operators, builtin functions, assignment operation, IO operation, _oolean expressions, conditional statements, looping structures, compound statements, procedures and functions, parameter passing, arrays and scoping.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Computing and Information Technology for Science Students.
Computer for Math2 (COMMAT2)
3 units
This course discusses topics which include strings and string manipulation, records, dynamic data structures particularly pointers, and abstract data types implemented using pointers like the singly linked lists, the doubly linked lists and the circular lists. Recursion as an approach in programming and topics in file handling are also discussed in this course. Turbo Pascal is used as the programming language tool.
Prerequisite: Computer for Math 1
Computer for Math3 (COMMAT3)
3 units
This is a course in computer programming using C and C++ programming languages. The first part of the course discusses nonobjectoriented constructs that are features of the C language. The second part of the course introduces objectoriented programming concepts using C++. Concepts of objectoriented programming, their semantics and implementation as well as programming methodology and application development in C++ are discussed in the second part.
Prerequisite: Computer for Math 2
Computer Systems (COMPSYS)
3 units
This course discuss the hardware and software components that make up a complete computer system. The functional units of a computer system such as the processing unit, the arithmetic logic unit, the input and output units and the memory unit are also discussed. Memory organization and computer peripherals and workstations, as well as the basic theories of interpreters, compilers and language translators, are also covered.
Prerequisite: Basic Computer Concepts
Introduction to Computing and Information Technology for Science Students (COMSCI1)
2 units
This course is an introduction to the fundamental concepts of computer systems such as the computer’s software and hardware components, data and computer security and the DOS and Windows operating systems. Students are also taught how to use Windows application softwares for text processing, graphing and spreadsheets. Internet services such as the electronic mail and Netscape are also discussed.
Data Structures (DATSTRU)
3 units
This course discusses the different linear and nonlinear data structures such as arrays, stacks, queues, trees and graphs. Storage allocation, representation and implementation of these data structures are discussed as well as the algorithms used in creating, updating and accessing them. Topics in file organization are also discussed in this course.
Prerequisite: Computer Language 2
Database Language (DBLANGE)
3 units
In this subject, students are taught one relational database language and are expected to develop a relational database application system that is fully functional.
Prerequisite: Data Structures
Corequisite: Theory of Databases
Theory of Databases (DATBASE)
3 units
This course covers the basic theories behind databases, data models and database design. The course concentrates mainly on relational databases.
Prerequisite: Data Structures
Corequisite: Database Language
Management Information Systems Concepts (MISCON)
3 units
This course discusses information systems, their conceptual and technical foundations, their users, components, mission and capabilities and how they are developed and used in organizations. It also discusses both conventional and stateoftheart information technologies and how they fit within a business organization, the kinds of processes they could support, the kinds of problems they could solve, their potential benefits and limitations, and the unique development, management and integration considerations associated with each.
Prerequisite: Systems Analysis and Design
Operating Systems Concepts (OPERSIS)
3 units
This course discusses operating system concepts which include processor scheduling, disk scheduling, memory management, file management, deadlocks, multiprogramming environment and concurrent processes.
Prerequisite: Computer Systems
Mathematical Simulation (MATHSIM)
3 units
This is an applied subject wherein concepts learned from the major mathematics subjects are modeled and simulated using the C programming language.
Prerequisites: Numerical Analysis, Linear Algebra
Systems Analysis and Design (SYNALDE)
3 units
This course covers the different phases of information system development: initiation, development and implementation. Structured systems analysis and design tools, techniques and application are also included.
Prerequisite: Software Engineering
Modern Geometry (MODEGEO)
3 units
A course dealing with the geometries of the Euclidean plane, the sphere and the projective plane. Topics include congruence, isometries, affine transformations, Desargue’s Theorem and Pappus Theorem.
Prerequisites: Linear Algebra, Modern Algebra
Linear Programming (LINPROG)
3 units
As a first course in operations research, this course exposes the students to basic linear optimization analysis, the revised simplex method, duality, and the interiorpoint method.
Prerequisite: Linear Algebra
Operations Research Models (ORMODEL)
3 units
This is an introductory course on the basic operations research models. Topics to be covered are the transportation model, assignment model, _oolean_pment model, network models, PERT/CPM, basic inventory models, and integer linear programming.
Prerequisite: Linear Programming
Enumerative Approaches to Optimization (ENUMAPP)
3 units
This course introduces the student to the fundamental theory and the solution approaches to discrete/combinatorial optimization models. Essentially, the course covers dynamic programming, branchandbound, and the combinations of these two prominent optimization approaches.
Prerequisite: Operations Research Models
Decision Theory (DECITHE)
3 units
This course introduces the student to the complexity and the analysis of the decision making process. It covers game theory, decision making under uncertainty, strategies, decision making under risk, and multiple criteria decision making.
Prerequisite: Linear Programming, Introduction to Statistics
Seminar Course in Mathematics (MATSEMI)
1 unit
A course requiring eight hours of attendance in lectures or seminars conducted by visiting professors or faculty members of the department on various topics and the remaining hours for lectures by the students.
Prerequisite: Junior Standing
Thesis Writing 1 (THSMTH1)
2 units
Introduction to research techniques and research topics. The student is required to submit a thesis proposal.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing
Thesis Writing 2 THSMTH2)
3 units
The course requirement is a bachelor’s thesis done by the student under the guidance of an adviser.
Prerequisite: Thesis Writing 1
Introduction to Set Theory (INTOSET)
3 units
A course covering the review of principles of logic, valid arguments and methods of proof; axioms on sets; algebra of sets; relations and functions; the number systems, mathematical induction; countable and uncountable sets; axiom of choice and the continuum hypothesis; ordering and ordinals.
Applied Multivariate Analysis (APMULTI)
3 units
A course dealing with discriminant analysis, analysis of covariance, multidimensional scaling applied to business problems.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Linear Models
Introduction to Statistics 2 (INTSTA2)
3 units
A second course in statistics covering chisquare and F distributions, tests of hypotheses for difference of means, proportion, difference of proportions, variance, difference of variances, regressions, correlation, analysis of variance, and the use of nonparametric methods. It also includes the steps to be undertaken in conducting sample surveys, theoretical discussions on the different sampling designs, estimation procedures using the various designs, sample size estimation as well as variance reduction techniques.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Statistics
Linear Models for Business Applications (LIMOBAP)
3 units
A study of the various linear statistical models that arise in practice. Topics include multivariate normal distribution, distribution of quadratic forms, general linear models, estimation and tests of hypotheses about linear hypotheses and design matrices giving rise to analysis of variance models.
Prerequisite: Linear Algebra, Inferential Statistics
Mathematical Probability (MATPROB)
3 units
A course in probability theory. Topics include, the concept of sample space and events, conditional probability, probability density function, cumulative distribution functions, mathematical expectations, joint and marginal distribution and functions of several random variables. Special distributions such as uniform, binomial, poisson, geometric, gamma, beta, exponential, normal distributions, etc., are covered.
Prerequisite: MATH115
Time Series Analysis and Forecasting (TIMEFOR)
3 units
A course dealing with the different methods of forecasting time series data – classical smoothing procedures and the use of statistical models. The theoretical and model building issues of techniques like exponential smoothing, moving average, seasonal decomposition, ARIMA models, and transfer function economic, agricultural, financial, meteorological among others.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Linear Models
Bachelor of Science in Statistics major in Actuarial Science
Degree Codes: Program BSSTT Plan – BSSTT
This program replaced the B.S. Mathematics (Actuarial Science & Statistics option) in recognition of the fact that actuarial science courses have become statisticsbased and at the same time to make it more attractive to prospective students in terms of job opportunities.
Objectives and Goals of the BS Statistics Program
The B.S. Statistics program is aimed at producing welltrained graduates with a sound understanding of statistical concepts and their applications. It has a threefold objective:
 To prepare the student for graduate studies in either theoretical or applied statistics, or in other related fields;
 To prepare the student for a teaching career in statistics up to the junior undergraduate level; and
 To prepare the student for immediate work as professional statisticians at the supervisory/managerial level in business, industry, government, engineering and consulting firms, health care organizations, insurance companies, and research institutions.
To fully prepare the student in one or more of these alternatives and to make him/her highly competitive in the job market, a summer practicum is required during the summer period between the 9th and 10th terms of the program. The program also incorporates the use of contemporary statistical software packages to give the student a better perspective on the several applications of statistics.
Special Features
The B.S. Statistics program has the following features that make it different from those being offered by the other schools, thus giving graduates of this program an edge over the statistics graduates of other schools:
 It takes only 10 terms (or 3 years and 1 term) to complete the program as compared to the regular 4year statistics programs of the other schools.
 A summer practicum is required to give the students the opportunity to apply the theories and concepts learned inside the classroom to realworld problems. At the same time, the students are exposed to the workplace environment to help them get employment after graduation.
 This program has a specialization in actuarial science which makes it in effect some kind of a doubledegree program in statistics and actuarial science. Hence, graduates of this program could become statisticians and/or actuaries. Furthermore, with enough students and resources in the future, other areas of specialization may be offered such as statistical computing, biostatistics, epidemiology, market research, statistical process control, statistical consulting, etc.
 This statistics program is mathematicsbased which gives the students a more solid foundation in terms of the theories in mathematics and statistics. Graduates of this program are expected to be wellprepared for and more capable of pursuing graduate studies in statistics compared to the regular statistics graduates of other schools.
 Students of this program are provided with adequate support in terms of faculty capability; textbooks, journals and references; and computer facilities (hardware and licensed software) at the Mathematics and Statistics Computing Laboratory (MSCL), STRC 316.
LENGTH OF THE PROGRAM – 10 terms and a Summer Practicum
College Algebra (MATH111)
3 units
A course covering the number systems, algebraic functions, relations and graphs, equations, systems of equations, inequalities, and inverse functions.
Trigonometry (MATH112)
3 units
A course including polynomial functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, circular functions, trigonometric identities and equations, complex numbers, law of sines, law of cosines and solution of triangles.
Mathematical Analysis 1 (MATH113)
4 units
A first course in Analysis covering plane analytic geometry, limits and continuity, derivatives of algebraic functions, and their applications.
Prerequisite: College Algebra
Introduction to Statistics 1 (INTSTA1)
3 units
A course covering descriptive statistics, basic rules of probability, discrete probability distributions, normal distribution, sampling distributions, confidence intervals and tests of hypotheses for means, difference of means and variance, t and chisquare distribution and proportion.
Prerequisite: Algebra
Mathematical Analysis 2 (MATH114)
4 units
A continuation of Analysis 1. It covers differentials, indefinite and definite integrals and their applications, derivatives and integrals of logarithmic and exponential functions, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions, and techniques of integration.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 1
Introduction to Statistics 2 (INTSTA2)
3 units
A continuation of Statistics 1. It covers analysis of variance, chisquare tests, regression and correlation analysis and introduction to nonparametric statistical methods.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Statistics 1
Computer for Math 1 (COMMAT1)
3 units
This course covers the fundamentals of logic formulation and their implementation using the Turbo Pascal programming language. Topics discussed in the course includes simple data types, arithmetic operators, builtin functions, assignment operation, IO operation, _oolean expressions, conditional statements, looping structures, compound statements, procedures and functions, parameter passing, arrays and scoping.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Computing and Information Technology for Science Students
Mathematical Analysis 3 (MATH115)
4 units
A continuation of Analysis 2. It covers polar coordinates, indeterminate forms and improper integrals, infinite sequences and series, 3dimensional space, quadric surfaces, functions of several variables and evaluation of multiple integrals in Cartesian coordinates.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 2
Introduction to Set Theory (INTOSET)
3 units
A course covering the review of principles of logic, valid arguments and methods of proof; axioms on sets; algebra of sets; relations and functions; the number systems, mathematical induction; countable and uncountable sets; axiom of choice and the continuum hypothesis; ordering and ordinals.
Mathematical Analysis 4 (MATH116)
3 units
A continuation of Analysis 3. It covers vectors in the plane and 3dimensional space, directional derivatives and gradients, application of partial derivatives to extrema of functions of several variables, evaluation of multiple integrals in spherical and cylindrical coordinates and their applications.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 3
Matrix Theory (MTRXTHE)
3 units
Concepts in matrix theory with applications to statistics. Matrix operations and properties, special matrices, determinants, eigenvalues and eigenvectors.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 3
Statistics Packages (STATPAC)
3 units
A course which includes the study of different statistics softwares and packages like PHSTAT, STATISTICA, SPSS, SAS, EVIEWS and others.
Prerequisite: Computer for Math 1
Theory of Interest (THEOINT)
3 units
A course that covers the theory and applications of the measurement of interest, elementary and general annuities, amortization and sinking funds, bonds, and other securities.’
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 3
Statistical Theory 1 (STATHE1)
4 units
A course in probability theory. Topics include, the concept of sample space and events, conditional probability, probability density function, cumulative distribution functions, mathematical expectations, joint and marginal distribution and functions of several random variables. Special distributions such as uniform, binomial, poission, geometric, gamma, beta, exponential, normal distributions, etc., are covered.
Prerequisite: Elementary Statistics, Mathematical Analysis 4, Introduction to Set Theory
Life Contingencies 1 (LIFECO1)
3 units
A course that covers single life functions, the measurement of mortality, life annuities, life insurance, net annual premiums, and net level premium reserves.
Prerequisite: Theory of Interest, Statistical Theory 1
Statistical Theory 2 (STATHE2)
4 units
A course in estimation of parameters and test of hypotheses. Topics include order statistics, limiting distributions, methods of estimation, properties of estimators, hypothesis testing.
Prerequisite: Statistical Theory 1
Sampling Theory (SAMPTHE)
3 units
A course introducing the student to the basic principles of sampling. This course includes the steps to be undertaken in conducting sample surveys, theoretical discussions, on the different sampling designs (simple random sampling, and multistaged cluster sampling), estimation procedures using the various designs, sample size estimation as well as variance reduction techniques.
Prerequisite: Statistical Theory 2
Linear Models (LINMODE)
4 units
A study of various linear statistical models that arise in practice. Topics include multivariate normal distribution, distribution of quadratic forms, general linear models, estimation and tests of hypotheses about linear hypotheses, and design matrices giving rise to analysis of variance models.
Prerequisite: Statistical Theory 2, Matrix Theory
Life Contingencies 2 (LIFECO2)
3 units
A course that covers multiple life functions, multiple decrement models, advanced multiple life theory and population theory.
Prerequisite: Life Contingencies 1
Survey Operations (SURVYOP)
3 units
Planning a survey, sampling design, frame construction and tabulation plans, questionnaire design and manual of instruction, data collection and processing, report preparation and presentation.
Prerequisites: Sampling Theory, Statistical Packages
Experimental Design (EXPEDES)
4 units
A study of the various experimental designs in sciences. Topics include the randomized block design, incomplete block designs, analysis of Latin squares, and 2kfactorial experiments.
Prerequisite: Linear Models
Corequisite: Multivariate Analysis
Multivariate Analysis (MULTIVA)
4 units
A course dealing with discriminant analysis, analysis of covariance, multivariate analysis of variances, canonical correlation, factor analysis, cluster analysis, and multidimensional scaling.
Prerequisite: Linear Models
Corequisite: Experimental Designs Analysis
Survival Models and Graduation (SURGRAD)
4 units
The first part of this course covers topics on Survival Models. It includes estimation of tabular survival models from complete and incomplete data sample study designs using moment and maximum likelihood procedures and estimation of parametric survival models. The second part of this course covers topics on the graduation of life tables. The graduation methods included are MovingAverage; Whittaker, Bayesian, Parametric and TwoDimensional. It also includes SmoothJunction interpolation.
Prerequisite: Life Contingencies 1
Time Series and Forecasting (TIMEFOR)
3 units
A course dealing with the different methods of forecasting time series data – classical smoothing procedures and the use of statistical models. The theoretical and model building issues of techniques like exponential smoothing, moving average, seasonal decomposition. ARIMA models, and transfer function economic, agricultural, financial, meteorological among others.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Linear Models
Statistical Quality Control (STATIQC)
3 units
Statistical methods in quality assurance and statistical process control such as control charts, acceptance sampling, response surface methodology and applications.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Statistics 2
Risk Theory (RISKTHE)
3 units
This course covers topics on the economics of insurance; individual risk models for a short term; collective risk models over a single and an extended period and other applications of risk theory.
Prerequisite: Life Contingencies 1
Categorical Data Analysis (CATDATA)
3 units
A course on statistical methods for categorical data. Topics include crossclassification tables, measures of association, logic and loglinear models.
Prerequisite: Linear Models
Nonparametric Statistics (NONPARM)
3 units
A course in distributionfree statistical analysis of data based on ranks. Topics include statistical tests for onesample problems krelatedsample problems and kindependentsample problems, and measures of association among variables in nonnormal distribution.
Prerequisite: Statistical Theory 2
Actuarial Topics (ACTOPIC)
4 units
A course that covers the estimation of tabular survival models from complete and incomplete data samples study design using moment and maximum likelihood procedures; estimation of parametric survival models, estimation of survival models from general population theory and graduation of life tables.
Prerequisite: Life Contingencies 2
Seminar Course in Mathematics (MATSEMI)
1 unit
A course requiring eight hours of attendance in lectures or seminars conducted by visiting professors or faculty members of the department on various topics and the remaining hours for lectures by the students.
Prerequisite: Junior Standing
Thesis Writing 1 (THSMTH1)
2 units
Introduction to research techniques and research topics. The student is required to submit a thesis proposal.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing
Thesis Writing 2 THSMTH2)
3 units
The course requirement is a bachelor’s thesis done by the student under the guidance of an adviser.
Prerequisite: Thesis Writing 1
BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN PHYSICS MINOR IN ECONOMICS
Description and Aims of the Program
The BSPhysics minor in Economics is an 11term undergraduate program in physics, that provides students with
 a full undergraduate physics program;
 the essential mathematical preparations required for the study of complex systems;
 an introduction to the fundamental concepts and ideas in either economics.
It is hoped that with this curriculum, graduates of the program will have
 the quantitative analytical skills characteristic of a good graduate of a BSPhysics program;
 sufficient mathematical sophistication to deal with complex systems;
 enough background in economics to understand the subject of his/her study.
Graduates of the program will hopefully find placements in financial institutions where they can offer a unique set of skills and offer fresh perspectives to the fields, thus opening an opportunity to contribute to a fuller understanding of the complex phenomena of economics.
Expected Learning Outcomes or Competencies
Critical and Creative Thinker  1. apply mathematical, computational and experimental methods in solving physical problems* 2. able to evaluate quality of information gathered from varied sources 3. capable of translating scientific knowledge and methods into innovations in materials science, medicine, economics and finance 
Effective Communicator  1. synthesize and effectively communicate scientific information* 2. able to express thoughts in a logical, clear, concise, and precise manner 
Reflective Lifelong Learner  1. apply scientific reasoning to arrive at decisions* 2. actively pursue new knowledge, be open to new ideas, and respect other people’s view points 3. pursue personal and professional growth by constantly acquiring new skills and keeping abreast with technological advancement 
Servicedriven Citizen  1. employ scientific skills and knowledge for the improvement of human life and the preservation of the environment 2. uphold intellectual honesty and integrity in their conduct 
*CHED competency standards for BS Physics, (CHED Memo No. 20, Series of 2007, Article IV)
Program Structure
Students in the minor in Economics programs will join the other undergraduate physics majors in their physics and computer courses, except for Stochastic Methods and Dynamics of Complex Systems. These courses will however be open to students of the graduate physics programs as electives. For elementary statistics and upperlevel mathematics, the students in the program will join the mathematics majors. For the minor courses in economics, students of the program will join economics majors of the college of business and economics.
REQUIRED COURSES WITH COURSE CREDITS
Part I. General Education, Basic and Major Courses
All BS Physics majors, regardless of specialization and minor, take the following courses (general education, basic, major, research, seminar and practicuum):
General Education/La Sallian Core Curriculum  Units 
English  9 
Humanities  6 
Filipino  6 
Science, Technology and Society  6 
Mathematics  6 
Natural Science (Physics Fundamentals)  6 
History and Rizal  6 
Philiosophy  3 
Theology & Religious Education  12 
Fitness & Wellness  6 
Personal Effectiveness  (6) 
Great Works  3 
Civic Welfare Training Service  (6) 
Lasallian Retreat  0 
Total  69(12) 
Basics/ Foundational Courses  Units 
Physics Fundamentals  6 
Analysis  12 
Mathematical Methods in Physics  9 
Statistics  3 
Total  30 
Major/ Core Courses  Units 
Classical Mechanics  6 
Electrodynamics  6 
Quantum Mechanics  6 
Statistical Mechanics  3 
Computational Methods in Physics  3 
Solid State Physics  3 
Total  27 
Basic Skills Course  Units 
Computer Programming  6 
Basic Electronics (lecture and lab)  4 
Physics Fundamentals (lab)  4 
Total  14 
Research and Seminar  4 
OntheJobTraining (Practicuum)  3 
Part II. Specialization Courses
BS Physics majors have the option to choose from four tracks, namely Materials Science, Medical Instrumentation, minor in Economics, and minor in Finance. Students, depending on their chosen tracks, take 49 to 54 units of specialization courses. Below is a list of specialization courses for the minor in Economics track.
Minor in Economics  Units 
Microeconomics  9 
Macroeconomics  9 
Econometrics  3 
Financial Analysis for Economists  3 
Stochastic Methods  3 
Dynamics of Complex Systems  3 
Linear Algebra & Linear Programming  6 
Numerical Analysis  3 
Computer Programming  3 
Inferential Statistics  3 
Linear Models for Business  3 
Time Series Analysis & Forecasting  3 
Total  51 
PROGRAM COURSE CHECKLISTS
BS Physics minor in Economics
MATH111  College Algebra  3  
MATH112  Trigonometry  3  
LBYPHYX  Physics Laboratory 1 for Physics Majors  2  
FILKOMU  Kuomunikasyon sa Araling Filipino  3  
TREDONE  Humanity’s Search for Life  3  
KASPIL1  Pagaaral sa Buhay, M ga Akda at Nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal  3  
FWTEAMS  Physics Fitness & Wellness in Team Sports  2  
PERSEF1  Personal Effectiveness Foundation  (2)  
Total Units  17+2(2) 
MATH113  Analysis 1  4  MATH111 
PHYFUN1  Physics Fundamentals 1  3  MATH111, MATH112(soft) 
COMPHY1  Computer for Physics 1  3  MATH111, MATH112(soft) 
SOCTEC1  Integrated Social Science, Technoogy & Society 1  3  
ENGLCOM  Basic Communication & Study Skills  3  
FWSPORT  Physical Fitness & Wellness in Individual/Dual Sports  2  
NSTPC1/R1  NSTP Program – Civic Welfare Training Service/ Military Science 1  (3)  
Total Units  16+2(3) 
MATH114  Analysis 2  4  MATH113 
PHYFUN2  Physics Fundamentals 2 (lec)  3  PHYFUN1 
LBYPHY2  Physics Fundamentals 2 (lab)  1  
COMPHY2  Computer for Physics 2  3  COMPHY1 
ENGLRES  Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purposes  3  ENGLCOM 
INTFILO  Introductory Philosophy  3  
NSTPC2/R2  NSTP Program – Civic Welfare Training Service/ M ilitary Science 2  (3)  NSTPC1/R1 
FWDANCE  Physical Fitness & Wellness in Dance  2  
LASARE1  Lasallian Recollection 1  0  
Total Units  17+2(3) 
MATPHY1  Mathematical Methods in Physics 1  3  MATH114 
MATH115  Analysis 3  4  MATH114 
PHYFUN3  Physics Fundamentals 3 (lec)  3  PHYFUN2 
LBYPHY3  Physics Fundamentals 3 (lab)  1  PHYFUN3, LBYPHYX 
COMPHY3  Computer for Physics 3  3  COMPHY2 
SPEECOM  Oral Communication/Advanced Speech Class  3  ENGLRES 
PERSEF2  Personal Effectiveness 2  (2)  PERSEF1 
LASARE2  Lasallian Recollection 2  0  LASARE1 
Total Units  16+2(3) 
INSTA1  Introduction to Statistics 1  3  MATH111 
LINEALG  Linear Algebra  3  MATH114 
MATPHY2  Mathematical Methods in Physics 2  3  MATPHY1 
PHYFUN4  Physics Fundamentals 4  3  PHYFUN3 
ECONONE  Introduction to Microeconomics  3  MATH111 
COMETPY  Computational Methods in Physics  3  COMPHY2 
Total Units  18 
INSTA2  Introduction to Statistics 2  3  INSTA1 
CLASME1  Classical mechanics 1  3  PHYFUN1, MATHPHY1 
NUMEANL  Numerical Analysis  3  MATH115, LINEALG 
SOCTEC2  Integrated Social Science, Technology & Society 2  3  
ECONTWO  Introduction to M acroeconomics  3  
TREDTWO  The Filipino Christian in a Changing World  3  TREDONE 
Total Units  18 
CLASM E2  Classical Mechanics 2  3  CLASM E1 
QUMEONE  Quantum Mechanics 1  3  PHYFUN3, MATPHY2 
MATPHY3  Mathematical Methods in Physics 3  3  MATPHY2, MATH115 
LINPROG  Linear Programming  3  LINEALG 
KASPIL2  Kasaysayan ng Pilipinas  3  KASPIL1 
HUMALIT  Introduction to Literature  3  ENGLRES 
Total Units  18 
LIMOBAP  Linear Models  3  INSTA2, LINEALG 
QUMETWO  Quantum Mechanics 2  3  QUMEONE 
PHYSEM I  Physics Seminar  1  SPEECOM 
MICREC1  Microeconomics 1  3  ECONTWO, MATH114 
MACREC1  Macroeconomics 1  3  ECONTWO, MATH114 
TREDTRI  The Christian and the Word  3  TREDTWO 
Total Units  16 
STATMEC  Statistical Mechanics  3  PHYFUN2, MATPHY2 
ELECMA1  Electricity & Magnetism 1  3  MATPHY1, PHYFUN2 
THYSPHY1  Physics Research 1  1  PHYSEM I 
GRTWORK  Great Works  3  
MICREC2  Microeconomics 2  3  MICREC1 
MACREC2  Macroeconomics 2  3  MACREC1 
ECONMET  Econometrics  3  ECONTWO, INSTA2 
Total Units  19) 
MATPHYS  Stochastic Methods in Physics  3  STATMEC 
ELECMA2  Electricity & Magnetism 2  3  ELECMA1 
SOLSTAT  Solid State Physics  3  STATMEC, QUMEONE 
COMPDYN  Dynamics of Complex Systems  3  CLASME1 
THYSPHY2  Physics Research 2  1  THYSPHY1 
TIMEFOR  Time Series Analysis & Forecasting  3  LIMOBAP 
TREDFOR  The Christian Vocation of Life  3  TREDTRI 
PERSEF3  Personal Effectiveness 3  (2)  PERSEF2 
LASARE3  Lasallian Retreat  0  LASARE2 
Total Units  18(2) 
THYSPHY3  Physics Research 3  1  THYSPHY2 
BAELEC1  Basic Electronics 1  3  PHYFUN2 
LBYPHYK  Basic Electronics Lab 1  1  LBYPHY2 
FINALEC  Finance Elective  3  
FILDLAR  Pagbabasa at Pagsulat sa Iba’t Ibang Disiplina / Larangan  3  FILKOMU 
HUMAART  Introduction to Art  3  
Total Units  15 
PRACPHY  Practicum for Physics Majors  3  
Total Units  3 
TO THE STUDENT: Please take note that subjects should not be enrolled without passing their respective prerequisite. Be reminded that subjects taken without having passed the prerequisite will be INVALIDATED. Subjects without prerequisite can be taken in any term. Please be guided accordingly. Thank you.
Academic Units  198 
NonAcademic Units  12 
Total Units  210 
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
Basic/Foundational Courses
PHYFUN1 Physics Fundamentals 1 (3 units)
Vectors; kinematics; Newton’s Laws; energy; momentum
Prerequisite: College Algebra, Trigonometry
PHYFUN2 Physics Fundamentals 2 (3 units)
Coulomb’s Law; electric field and potential; Gauss’s Law; electric circuits; Ohm’s Law; Kirchhoff’s rules; magnetostatics; magnetic induction
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1
PHYFUN3 Physics Fundamentals 3 (3 units)
Oscillations; mechanical waves; vibrating bodies; acoustics; electromagnetic waves; geometrical and physical optics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1
PHYFUN4 Physics Fundamentals 4 (3 units)
Special Theory of Relativity; modern physics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1
MATH111 College Algebra (3 units)
A course covering the number systems, algebraic functions, relations and graphs, equations, systems of equations, inequalities, and inverse functions.
MATH112 Trigonometry (3 units)
A course including polynomial functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, circular functions, trigonometric identities and equations, complex numbers, law of sines, law of cosines and solution of triangles.
MATH113 Mathematical Analysis 1 (4 units)
A first course in Analysis covering plane analytic geometry, limits and continuity, derivatives of algebraic functions, and their applications.
Prerequisite: College algebra, trigonometry.
MATH114 Mathematical Analysis 2 (4 units)
A continuation of Analysis
1. It covers differentials, indefinite and definite integrals and their applications, derivatives and integrals of logarithmic and exponential functions, trigonometric functions, and techniques of integration.
Prerequisite: Mathematical analysis 1 MATH115
Mathematical Analysis 3 (4 units)
A continuation of Analysis 2. It covers polar coordinates, indeterminate forms and improper integrals, infinite sequences and series, 3dimensional space, quadric surfaces, functions of several variables and evaluation of multiple integrals in Cartesian coordinates.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 2
STATSCI Introduction to Statistics 1 (3 units) A course covering descriptive statistics, basic rules of probability, discrete probability distributions, normal distribution, sampling distributions, confidence intervals and tests of hypotheses for means, difference of means and variance, t and chisquare distribution and proportion.
Prerequisite: College Algebra
MATPHY1 Mathematical Methods in Physics 1 (3 units)
Vector analysis covering algebra, differentiation and integration; integral theorems; curvilinear coordinates.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 2
MATPHY2 Mathematical Methods in Physics 2 (3 units)
A course on ordinary and partial differential equations with emphasis on secondorder differential equations.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Methods in Physics 1
MATPHY3 Mathematical Methods in Physics 3 (3 units)
A course on complex analysis and integral equations. It includes contour integration, calculus of residues and Fourier transform.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Methods in Physics 2
Major/Core Courses
CLASME1 Classical Mechanics 1 (3 units)
Newtonian, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of classical mechanics, applications to central forces and harmonic oscillators
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1, Mathematical Methods for Physics 1
CLASME2 Classical Mechanics 2 (3 units)
Noninertial frames, rigid bodies, systems of particles, relativistic kinematics and dynamics
Prerequisite: Classical Mechanics 2
ELECMA1 Electricity and Magnetism 1 (3 units)
Electrostatics and magnetostatics in vacuum, boundary value problems, electrodynamics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2, Mathematical Methods for Physics 1
ELECMA2 Electricity and Magnetism 2 (3 units)
Electrostatics and magnetostatics in material media, electromagnetic waves and electromagnetic radiation
Prerequisite: Electricity and Magnetism 1
QUMEONE Quantum Mechanics 1 (3 units)
Postulates of quantum mechanics, the Schrödinger equation and its applications to harmonic oscillators and central forces, operator methods and matrix mechanics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 3, Mathematical Methods 2
QUMETWO Quantum Mechanics 2 (3 units)
Spin, angular momenta, hydrogen atom, perturbation theory and identical particles
Prerequisite: Quantum Mechanics 1
STATMEC Statistical Mechanics (3 units)
Probability theory; equilibrium statistical mechanics and thermodynamics; kinetic theory; diffusion; phase transformations
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2, Mathematical Methods 2
SOLSTAT SolidState Physics (3 units)
Crystal structures and crystallography; free electron theory of metals; electron states in periodic potentials; band theory of solids; lattice oscillations; fundamentals of electrical, thermal, magnetic and optical properties of metals, dielectrics and semiconductors and polymers; superconductivity
Prerequisite: Statistical Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics
Basic Skills Courses
BAELEC1 Basic Electronics 1 (3 units) + 1 unit laboratory
Introduction to electronics covering basic DC and AC circuit analysis, diode and transistor circuits, logic gates and basic logic operations.
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2, Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 2
COMPHY1 Computer for Physics 1 (3 units)
This course is designed for students in the B.S. Physics program. It provides all programming essentials for constructing simple scientific applications.
Prerequisite: College Algebra
LBYPHYX Physics fundamentals Laboratory 1 (2 units)
This is a first course in physics for physics majors, covering the basic concepts and laws in mechanics in a laboratory setting and activities to develop basic laboratory skills.
LBYPHY2 Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 2 (1 unit)
This course complements the lecture courses on PHYSICS 2 for engineering, science and computer studies students. It covers activities to further develop basic laboratory skills initially practiced in PHYSICS LABORATORY 1. Selected experiments in thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism will be performed.
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 1
Corequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2
LBYPHY3 Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 3 (1 unit)
This laboratory course is designed for College of Science students taking up Fundamentals of Physics 3 (lecture component). The course supplements the topics discussed in the lecture class. Specifically, experiments in waves and optics are performed to provide the student concrete applications of concepts learned in the lecture class.
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 2
Corequisite: Physics Fundamentals 3
Research, Seminar and Practicum
PHYSEMI Physics Seminar (1 unit)
This course enables the students to prepare for their thesis proposal by the 12th week of the trimester. Students enrolled in this subject MUST also be working as apprentices in one of the research groups of the department. Also, this subject enables them to write their thesis proposal. In writing the thesis proposal, the students get a feel of the requirements of the study they will undertake along with its theoretical background. This course also aims to develop the following Lasallian characteristics: critical and logical thinking, resourcefulness and innovativeness, perseverance and selfdiscipline.
Prerequisite: Oral Communication/ Advanced Speech Class
THSPHY1 Physics Research 1 (1 unit)
The first thesis course for physics majors. The major requirement for the course is the presentation of a thesis proposal.
Prerequisite: Physics Seminar
THSPHY2 Physics Research 2 (1 unit)
The second thesis course for physics majors where students are expected to conduct the greater part of their thesis research.
Prerequisite: Physics Research 1
THSPHY3 Physics Research (1 unit)
The third and last thesis course for physics majors. Students are expected to finalize their thesis research and present the work to a panel of examiners.
Prerequisite: Physics Research
PRCPHYS Practicum for Physics Students (3 units)
A practicum course for Physics students.
Specialization Courses for Minor in Economics and Finance
COMPDYN Dynamics of Complex Systems (3 units)
Nonlinear dynamics; deterministic chaos; Lyapunov exponents; strange attractors; fractals and multifractals; bifurcations and catastrophes; Introduction to models and applications of complex networks.
Prerequisites: Classical Mechanics 1
MATPHYS Stochastic Methods in Physics (3 units)
Theory of gaussian stochastic processes and their evolution equations; random walks; stochastic calculus and stochastic differential equations; introduction to nongaussian stochastic processes; Levy stable distributions and fat tails.
Prerequisite: Statistical Mechanics
LINEALG Linear Algebra (3 units)
A study of systems of linear equations, vector space, linear dependence, bases, dimensions, linear transformations, matrices, determinants, eigenvalues, eigenvectors.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 2
NUMENLA Introduction to Numerical Analysis (3 units)
A course in linear and nonlinear equations, system of linear equations, numerical differentiation and integration, and numerical solutions to differential equations.
Prerequisite: Linear Algebra, Mathematical Analysis 3
LINPROG Linear Programming (3 units)
A first course in operations research. This course exposes the students to basic linear optimization analysis, the revised simplex method, duality, and the interiorpoint method.
Prerequisite: Linear algebra
INSTA2 Inferential Statistics (3 units)
A second course in statistics covering chisquare and F distributions, tests of hypotheses for difference of means, proportion, difference of proportions, variance, difference of variances, regressions, correlation, analysis of variance, and the use of nonparametric methods. It also includes the steps to be undertaken in conducting sample surveys, theoretical discussions on different sampling designs, estimation procedures using the various designs, sample size estimation as well as variance reduction techniques.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Statistics 1
LIMOBAP Linear Models for Business Applications (3 units)
A study of various linear statistical models that arise in practice. Topics include multivariate normal distribution, distribution of quadratic forms, general linear models, estimation and tests of hypotheses about linear hypotheses, and design matrices giving rise to analysis of variance models.
Prerequisite: Inferential Statistics, Linear algebra
TIMEFOR Time Series Analysis and Forecasting (3 units)
A course dealing with the different methods of forecasting time series data– classical smoothing procedures and the use of statistical models. The theoretical and model building issues of techniques like exponential smoothing, moving average, seasonal decomposition, ARIMA models, and transfer functions.
Prerequisite: Linear Models for Business applications
ECONONE Basic Microeconomics (3 units)
The course aims to give an appreciation and understanding of basic theories and concepts in economics, and its application to current national and international economics issues. In addition, this course exposes the students to alternative tools of economic analysis and how they are used to solve problems of a country. The course introduces students to basic microeconomics. Microeconomics focuses on individual decisionmaking units like the consumer and suppliers. It also deals with trends that affect particular business firms, workers, or regions in the economy.
Prerequisite: College Algebra
ECONTWO Introduction to Macroeconomics (3 units)
This course is an introduction to macroeconomics, the study of aggregate (or national) economic behavior. As an introductory course, it will provide you with the concepts and tools necessary to read the newspaper critically for economic content, while providing a foundation for future economic courses. After a quick introduction to the fundamental principles of economic analysis, including graphing and theoretical concepts, the succeeding sessions will focus on learning the tools of macroeconomics and exploring the role of fiscal policy, followed by a study of money – its functions, its place in the economy, and its use as a policy tool. With this knowledge, the remainder of the term can be devoted to a deeper discussion of issues involving unemployment and inflation, government budget deficits, exchange rates, the open economy and other current policy issues.
Prerequisite: Basic Microeconomics
MICREC1 Microeconomic Theory 1 (3 units)
This is the first of a twocourse Intermediate Microeconomic Theory sequence. The objective of the course is to provide students with the central concepts of decisionmaking and optimization in a market framework. Simple mathematical models are used to develop these concepts. It concentrates on the theories of consumer decisionmaking, production and costs, and partial equilibrium competitive models.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Macroeconomics, Mathematical Analysis 2
MICREC2 Microeconomics 2 (3 units)
This is the second of a twocourse study of Intermediate Microeconomics. In this course, we examine price determination under imperfectly competitive structures (monopoly, oligopoly and monopolostic competition), both in the market for goods and production inputs (e.g., labor and capital services). We then go on to analyze the efficiency of a competetive model of market interdependence (e.g., general equilibrium). We will then consider the possibility of market failures due to externalities and asymmMacroetric information. Special topic such as decisionmaking under uncertainty is also taken up.
Prerequisite: Microeconomic Theory 1
MACREC1 Macroeconomics 1 (3 units)
This course aims to provide a comprehensive view on basic macroeconomic concepts focusing on: national income accounting; goods, labor, and financial markets; as well as the determination of output, inflation rates, interest rates, and employment. It also discusses the role of fiscal and monetary policies. Finally, it considers certain macroeconomic issues such as the relation between unemployment and inflation, aggregate demand and aggregate supply, and the government’s budget, among others.
Prerequisite: Basic Macroeconomics, Mathematical Analysis 2
MACREC2 Macroeconomics 2 (3 units)
This course will discuss certain macroeconomic issues that are concerned with economic growth and the role of expectations. It will also present the dynamics of the open macroeconomy, focusing on exchange rates, the ISLM model, among others. The course will also tackle macroeconomics events that do not conform to longrun concepts such as high unemployment and inflation. Finally, it will look at the features of discretionary fiscal and monetary policies.
Prerequisite: Macroeconomics 1
ECONMET Econometrics (3 units)
A study of econometric methods for students who have had a term’s work in economic statistics. The course includes a study of the classical linear regression model and the basics of econometric theory covering among others autocorrelation, multicollinearity, and heteroscedasticity.
Prerequisite: Inferential Statistics
FINALEC Financial Economics (3 units)
An integrated view of the financial functions of a business firm. It provides economics students a working knowledge about the tools in financial analysis and an appreciation of the use of financial information for decisionmaking and economic analysis.
Prerequisite: Microeconomics 2, Macroeconomics 2
ACTBAS1 Introductory Accounting – Part I (3 units)
This introductory course is designed to develop a basic understanding of the conceptual framework underlying the measurement and communication of financial data. The fundamental concepts and principles are introduced and discussed. It covers the entire accounting cycle of a sole proprietor in a service enterprise.
ACTBAS2 Introductory Accounting – Part II (3 units)
This course extends the study of the accounting cycle for a sole proprietorship form of business engaged in merchandising activities. It includes recording of business transactions using special journals. The voucher system and bank reconciliation are discussed. students are exposed to the use of an accounting software package in processing business transactions.
Prerequisite: Introductory Accounting – Part I
FINMATH Financial Management (3 units)
Prerequisite: Introductory Accounting – Part II
FINBANK Bank Management (3 units)
This is a major course that firmly equips the students with the necessary concepts, principles, and techniques used in sourcing and allocating bank funds that would maximize shareholders’ wealth whilst maintaining adequate liquidity consistent with acceptable levels of risks. As banking continues to be an industryinchange, FINBANK logically begins in familiarizing the students with the financial environment in which bank managers must operate in – the structure, functions and operations of financial intermediaries. It is the end view of the course to challenge students, as prospect bankers, to be able to confront headon the strategic issues of risk, return, regulation, competition, technology, and globalization that face and shape all the past, present and future of the banking industry in its entirety.
Prerequisite: Financial Management
FINVEST Investment Analysis and Portfolio Management (3 units)
This course introduces future investment managers with the basic concepts, techniques, and processes to investment analysis and portfolio management. The concentration of the course is the evaluation of the traditional investments in the Philippines, in particular, and the world, in general.
FINTERM Financial Markets and NonBank Financial Institutions (3 units)
This is a study of financial markets and nonbank financial institutions. The basic principles to be studied are the following: an overview of the financial system, the theory of financial structure, interest rates, and portfolio choice. Efficient capital markets are also discussed. Specifically, the following financial markets are given particular attention: the debt (bond) market, the stock market, and the foreign exchange market. The course also focuses on the operations of major nonbank financial institutions such as: private equity firms, investment banks, securities brokers and dealers, and mutual funds.
Prerequisite: Financial Management
FINSURE Insurance Mangement (3 units)
This is a major finance course that covers the basic concepts of general and property insurance and life insurance and organization and management, funds, investments, reinsurances, and insurance legislation. Integrity in underwriting and fairness in claims administration are addressed together with technical and managerial competence and introduction to actuarial calculations and valuation. The course is being studied: as a risk management function in the interests of policyholders, insurers, and the society in general being the ultimate beneficiary; and as a financial intermediary contributing to national development through capital formation and allocation.
Prerequisite: Bank Management, Financial Markets and NonBank Financial Institutions
FINRISK Management of Risk in Financial Institutions (3 units)
This course is focused on the management and mitigation of risk faced by financial institutions. These risks, which can be classified into market risk, liquidity risk, credit risk, and operational risk, have to be addressed as bank and insurance companies prepare themselves to expand their operations globally and domestically. This elective course is also focused on the understanding and the importance of developing an Enterprisewide Risk Management Framework in the effective management of risks. This is done through an indepth understanding and analysis of the different risk models. The course provides students understanding of the regulatory environment and framework through the exhaustive discussion of the existing Basle Accord as well as its proposed amendments.
Prerequisite: Bank Mangement, Financial Markets and NonBank Financial Institutions General
Education Courses
ENGLCOM Basic Communication and Study Skills (3 units)
A course that primarily focuses on the development of communicative competence in reading and writing. ENGLONE will use various strategies in academic reading, and the process approach to academic writing. Evaluation will include traditional and nontraditional (portfolio assessment) methods.
ENGLRES Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purpose (3 units)
A course that advances the basic academic reading and writing skills learned in English One. It also enhances the critical thinking skills necessary in conducting research and develop skills required in technical communication of a particular field (Business, Computer Science, Engineering, Liberal Arts, Education, Science.)
Prerequisite: Basic Communication and Study Skills
SPEECOM Oral Communication/ Advance Speech Class (3 units)
An English for Specific Purposes (ESP) course that focuses on the production, delivery and assessment of the following, the impromptu, lecture and /or persuasive speech for individual presentation, and the group/panel discussion for group presentation. The presentation aim at providing firsthand experience in public speaking to develop their selfconfidence and critical thinking.
Prerequisite: Basic Communication and Study Skills
HUMALIT Introduction to Literature (3 units)
The study of literary forms or genres as exemplified by selected literary texts from various countries at different historical periods.
Prerequisite: Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purpose
HUMAART Introduction to Art (3 units)
An introduction to the elements and principles of art (music, dance, architecture, sculpture, painting and film) through a critical examination of the major art works, movements and styles in the Philippines and the world. It is principally a study of arts as processes of the creative imagination in dynamic interaction with its multifaceted worlds.
Prerequisite: Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purpose
SOCTEC1 Science, Technology and Society 1 (3 units)
The course focuses on the interface between science and technology on the one and human society and culture on the other. The course analyzes how science influences and is influenced by prevailing views and attitudes in society about the individual person, human culture and society, and human and social development and progress.
SOCTEC2 Science, Technology and Society 2 (3 units)
The course is about the influence and consequences of science and technology on various aspects of society, such as the environment, the economy, modernization and globalization, social and power relations, and governance.
Prerequisite: Science, Technology and Society 1
FILKOMU Komunikasyon sa Filipinohiya (Basic Communication in Filipino, 3 units)
Gamit ang Wika sa higit na mataas na makrokasanayan sa pagtalakay ng Araling Pilipinas (Philippines Studies) sa pagkilala at pagunawa sa sarili at sa pambansang identidad, kultura at lipunan. Pangkalahatang saklaw ng kurso ang pagtatamo ng bawat lasalliang estudyante ng kompetens sa komunikasyon sa apat na diskors na may kontent ng Filipinolohiya sa larangang akademik.
FILDLAR Pagbasa at Pagsulat sa Iba’tibang Disiplina (Filipino for Specific Purposes, 3units)
Fokus ng kurso ang paglinang ng mga kasanayan sa analitikal at kritikal na pagbasa at pagsulat para sa pangangailangang akademik at komunikasyon pamprofesyonal na nagsasaalangalang sa ibat ibang rejister ng wika. Pagaralan ang mga teknik sa pagsasalin at estratehiya sa pagbasa na lampas sa komprehensyon gamit ang mga genre na nakasulat (maging naririnig, napapanood) na tekstong disiplinal o buhat sa ibat ibang larangan ng gamit ng wikahumanidades, agham panlipunan at komunikasyon, at agham at teknolohiya, at profesyon. Magsisilbing modelo ang mga babasahin sa pagsulat ng mga iskolarling sanaysay at riserts.
Prerequisite: Komunikasyon sa Filipinohiya
KASPIL1 Buhay, mga Sinulat at Nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal (Rizal Studies, 3 units)
Isang kritikal na pagaaral at pagsusuri sa buhay, mga akda at nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal mula pagkabata hanggang sa siya ay itanghal na isang bayani. Tinatalakay din sa kurso ang panahong prekolonyal hanggang sa kolonyalismong Espanyol sa Pilipinas na may diin sa ika19 na dataon na siyang panahong ginalawan ni Dr. Jose Rizal. Ang kurso ay alinsunod sa itanatadhana at diwa ng Batas Rizal (R.A.1425, 1956) na naglalayong matugunan ang pangangailangan ng pangkasalukuyang panahon na mapagtibay ang damdaming makabayan ng mga magaaral.
KASPIL2 Kasaysayan mg Pilipinas (Philippine History, 3 units)
Isang mapamunang pagaaral ng kasaysayan ng Pilipinas at ang kanyang mga institusyong pulitikal, ekonomiko, sosyal at kultural mula sa pagkakatatag ng Unang Republika hanggang sa kasalukuyan ayon sa pananaw ng isang Pilipino. Tinatalakay nito ang pagkabuo, pagunlad at ang mga hinarap na suliranin ng bansang Pilipinas sa bawat yugto ng kasaysayan mula sa pananakop ng mga Amerikano. Sa kursong ito, maipapaalam sa mga magaaral ang prosesong historikal bilang isang disiplina ng agham panlipunan at sa napakahalagang papel nito sa pagunawa at pagbibigay solusyon sa mga isyung kinakaharap ng bansa sa kasalukuyan.
Prerequisite: Buhay, mga Sinulat at Nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal
INTFILO Introduction to Philosophy (3 units)
Philosophy, both as a way of life and an academic discipline, examines and understands the fundamental questions about the world and human life, seeks answers to these questions, and applies the answers to daily living. It also examines the basis upon which beliefs are held, and explodes possible interconnections among various fields of knowledge. This course shall introduce students to the ideas of some of the world’s greatest philosophers, which have shaped the way in which human beings think and live.
TREDONE Humanity’s Search for Life (3 units)
In the Asian context, religion is bound up with the people’s stories about the search for life and salvation. It is at the core of the Asian way of life. As the course looks at the uniqueness of the different religious traditions, the students are led to a critical appreciation of and openness to the truthclaims as expressed in their beliefs, norms, and rituals. This discovery will lead students to a greater interest in interreligious and ecumenical dialogue and to a mature faith.
TREDTWO The Filipino Christian in a Changing World (3 units)
This course will help students to develop as persons in communties of moral discernment. The FilipinoChristian living in a rapidly changing world is confronted with challenges and alternative lifestyles which demand proper discernment, evaluation and decision.
Prerequisite: Humanity’s Search for Life
TREDTRI The Christian and the Word (3 units)
The project aims to develop a manual for the course, The Christian and the Word (TREDTRI), consisting of a student guide and an instructional guide for TREDTRI teachers. The student guide and the instructional guide will indicate the topics, learning objectives, methodology, activities, evaluation, and resournces pertinent to the course.
Prerequisite: The Filipino Christian in a Changing World
TREDFOR The Christian Vocation to Life (3 units)
The search for meaning is inseparable from one’s chosen sate of life. Taking into account insights from relevant disciplines, the course deepens the students’ general understanding of the universal call to holiness of the Reign of God and various responses to it. Moreover, the course prepares then to live in accord with their chosen reponse to God’s call in an authentic and Lasallian Christian manner.
Prerequisite: The Christian and the Word
GREATWK The Great Works (3 units)
The course is designed to center on a theme built around three Great Works from various cultures/disciplines that have exerted influence on the way human beings think about themselves in relation to the world. The course will be taught by a team of three teacherfacilitators who will rotate every four weeks in three classes. Each teacher will facilitate the reading and discussion of one work. Towards the end of the term, the teachers will meet as a team with all the students of the three classes in sessions that will serve to integrate the discussions on the three Great Works. Through the course, students are given a venue to participate in multidisciplinary discourses on how a particular Great Work “reads” or “thinks through” the human problems with new perspectives and paradigms.
FWTEAMS Fitness and Wellness in Team Sports (2 units)
The course aims to provide an opportunity to introduce fundamentals skills of specific team sports and strategies of organized team sports, their history and development, international amateur rules, system of play plus the facts and concepts of cardiorespiratory endurance, body composition, muscolusskeletal fitness like flexibility, muscular strength, endurance and common team sports injuries prevention and rehabilitation.
FWSPORT Fitness and Wellness in Individual/Dual Sports (2 units)
An introductory course designed to familiarize freshman students with basic concepts, principles and practices focusing on the integration of Healthrelated, Performance related Physical Fitness skills, sport specific Skills and Wellness in order to develop and maintain an active lifestyle.
FWDANCE Fitness and Wellness in Dance (2 units)
This course introduces the students to the fundamental step patterns of simple to intricate variations of selected classic dance sport dances, contemporary classic Filipino and Filipino rhythmic dances. It also encourages the students to choreograph variations of their own. Students express their feelings or emotions through movements disciplined by rhythm. Dance etiquette, health and safety in dancing, posture and body mechanics are also included together with other concepts of fitness other than performance and health related fitness.
PERSEF1 Personal Effectiveness 1 (2 units, nonacademic)
The Lasallian Core Curriculum of the DLSUManila aims at developing a whole person who embodies the Lasallian values and demonstrates professional skills as well as personal competencies. This individual is mature in all aspects of his/her person, with a nationalistic and humanistic outlook and carefully reasoned faith. PERSEF1 is a foundational course in the Lasallian Core curriculum, to be taken by all students in their first year. It provides the information and skills that they need in order to adjust to college life. The course covers basic topics in each of the 5 themes of total personal development, designed to complement their academic and spiritual growth. These themes will be further explored in the 2 Personal Effectiveness courses which the students will take in later years.
PERSEF2 Personal Effectiveness 2 (2 units, nonacademic)
PERSEF 2 is a formative course in the Lasallian Core Curriculum, taken by students in their 2nd or 3rd year, before they take their practicum courses. It focuses on their preparation for entry into the world of work. It is based on the theory that career is a developmental process that starts in childhood and goes on through life. One’s career development is thus affected by, and affects, one’s physical, sociopsychological, spiritual and cognitive development. The topics of the various sessions revolve around the same 5 themes of total personal development, which were covered in PERSEF1, but take on a different level with emphasis on career development.
Prerequisite: Personal Effectiveness 1
PERSEF3 Personal Effectiveness 3 (2 units, nonacademic)
PERSEF 3 is an integrative course in the Lasallian Core Curriculum, taken by all students in their final year. It provides them the opportunity to assess their development as individuals and to plan the rest of their lives as Lasallians in the community. It covers topics in the 5 themes of total personal development, taking these to a level of introspection as well as application.
Prerequisite: Personal Effectiveness 2
BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN PHYSICS MINOR IN FINANCE
Description and Aims of the Program
The BSPhysics minor in Finance is an 11term undergraduate program in physics, that provides students with
 a full undergraduate physics program;
 the essential mathematical preparations required for the study of complex systems;
 an introduction to the fundamental concepts and ideas in either finance.
It is hoped that with this curriculum, graduates of the program will have
 the quantitative analytical skills characteristic of a good graduate of a BSPhysics program;
 sufficient mathematical sophistication to deal with complex systems;
 enough background in finance to understand the subject of his/her study.
Graduates of the program will hopefully find placements in financial institutions where they can offer a unique set of skills and offer fresh perspectives to the fields, thus opening an opportunity to contribute to a fuller understanding of the complex phenomena of finance.
Expected Learning Outcomes or Competencies
Critical and Creative Thinker  1. apply mathematical, computational and experimental methods in solving physical problems* 2. able to evaluate quality of information gathered from varied sources 3. capable of translating scientific knowledge and methods into innovations in materials science, medicine, economics and finance 
Effective Communicator  1. synthesize and effectively communicate scientific information* 2. able to express thoughts in a logical, clear, concise, and precise manner 
Reflective Lifelong Learner  1. apply scientific reasoning to arrive at decisions* 2. actively pursue new knowledge, be open to new ideas, and respect other people’s view points 3. pursue personal and professional growth by constantly acquiring new skills and keeping abreast with technological advancement 
Servicedriven Citizen  1. employ scientific skills and knowledge for the improvement of human life and the preservation of the environment 2. uphold intellectual honesty and integrity in their conduct 
*CHED competency standards for BS Physics, (CHED Memo No. 20, Series of 2007, Article IV)
Program Structure
Students in the minor in Finance programs will join the other undergraduate physics majors in their physics and computer courses, except for Stochastic Methods and Dynamics of Complex Systems. These courses will however be open to students of the graduate physics programs as electives. For elementary statistics, upperlevel mathematics and basic finance courses, the students in the program will join the mathematics majors. For the minor courses in finance, students of the program will join finance majors of the college of business and economics.
REQUIRED COURSES WITH COURSE CREDITS
Part I. General Education, Basic and Major Courses
All BS Physics majors, regardless of specialization and minor, take the following courses (general education, basic, major, research, seminar and practicuum):
General Education/La Sallian Core Curriculum  Units 
English  9 
Humanities  6 
Filipino  6 
Science, Technology and Society  6 
Mathematics  6 
Natural Science (Physics Fundamentals)  6 
History and Rizal  6 
Philiosophy  3 
Theology & Religious Education  12 
Fitness & Wellness  6 
Personal Effectiveness  (6) 
Great Works  3 
Civic Welfare Training Service  (6) 
Lasallian Retreat  0 
Total  69(12) 
Basics/ Foundational Courses  Units 
Physics Fundamentals  6 
Analysis  12 
Mathematical Methods in Physics  9 
Statistics  3 
Total  30 
Major/ Core Courses  Units 
Classical Mechanics  6 
Electrodynamics  6 
Quantum Mechanics  6 
Statistical Mechanics  3 
Computational Methods in Physics  3 
Solid State Physics  3 
Total  27 
Basic Skills Course  Units 
Computer Programming  6 
Basic Electronics (lecture and lab)  4 
Physics Fundamentals (lab)  4 
Total  14 
Research and Seminar  4 
OntheJobTraining (Practicuum)  3 
Part II. Specialization Courses
BS Physics majors have the option to choose from four tracks, namely Materials Science, Medical Instrumentation, minor in Economics, and minor in Finance. Students, depending on their chosen tracks, take 49 to 54 units of specialization courses. Below is a list of specialization courses for the minor in Finance track.
Minor in Finance  Units 
Accounting Principles  6 
Financial, Bank & Insurance Management  9 
Financial Markets & Investment Analysis  6 
Management of Risk in Financial Management  3 
Stochastic Methods  3 
Dynamics of Complex Systems  3 
Linear Algebra & Linear Programming  6 
Numerical Analysis  3 
Computer Programming  3 
Linear Models for Business  3 
Time Series Analysis & Forecasting  3 
Inferential Statistics  3 
Total  51 
PROGRAM COURSE CHECKLISTS
BS Physics minor in Finance
MATH111  College Algebra  3  
MATH112  Trigonometry  3  
LBYPHYX  Physics Laboratory 1 for Physics Majors  2  
FILKOMU  Kuomunikasyon sa Araling Filipino  3  
TREDONE  Humanity’s Search for Life  3  
KASPIL1  Pagaaral sa Buhay, M ga Akda at Nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal  3  
FWTEAMS  Physics Fitness & Wellness in Team Sports  2  
PERSEF1  Personal Effectiveness Foundation  (2)  
Total Units  17+2(2) 
MATH113  Analysis 1  4  MATH111 
PHYFUN1  Physics Fundamentals 1  3  MATH111, MATH112(soft) 
COMPHY1  Computer for Physics 1  3  MATH111, MATH112(soft) 
SOCTEC1  Integrated Social Science, Technoogy & Society 1  3  
ENGLCOM  Basic Communication & Study Skills  3  
FWSPORT  Physical Fitness & Wellness in Individual/Dual Sports  2  
NSTPC1/R1  NSTP Program – Civic Welfare Training Service/ Military Science 1  (3)  
Total Units  16+2(3) 
MATH114  Analysis 2  4  MATH113 
PHYFUN2  Physics Fundamentals 2 (lec)  3  PHYFUN1 
LBYPHY2  Physics Fundamentals 2 (lab)  1  PHYFUN2, LBYPHYX 
COMPHY2  Computer for Physics 2  3  COMPHY1 
ENGLRES  Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purposes  3  ENGLCOM 
INTFILO  Introductory Philosophy  3  
NSTPC2/R2  NSTP Program – Civic Welfare Training Service/ M ilitary Science 2  (3)  NSTPC1/R1 
FWDANCE  Physical Fitness & Wellness in Dance  2  
LASARE1  Lasallian Recollection 1  0  
Total Units  17+2(3) 
MATPHY1  Mathematical Methods in Physics 1  3  MATH114 
MATH115  Analysis 3  4  MATH114 
PHYFUN3  Physics Fundamentals 3 (lec)  3  PHYFUN2 
LBYPHY3  Physics Fundamentals 3 (lab)  1  PHYFUN3, LBYPHYX 
ACTBAS1 I  Introductory Accounting – Part 1  3  
COMPHY3  Computer for Physics 3  3  COMPHY2 
PERSEF2  Personal Effectiveness 2  (2)  PERSEF1 
LASARE2  Lasallian Recollection 2  0  LASARE1 
Total Units  17(2) 
INSTA1  Introduction to Statistics 1  3  MATH111 
LINEALG  Linear Algebra  3  MATH114 
MATPHY2  Mathematical Methods in Physics 2  3  MATPHY1 
PHYFUN4  Physics Fundamentals 4  3  PHYFUN3 
ACTBAS2  Introductory Accounting – Part 2  
COMETPY  Computational Methods in Physics  3  COMPHY2 
Total Units  18 
INSTA2  Introduction to Statistics 2  3  INSTA1 
CLASME1  Classical mechanics 1  3  PHYFUN1, MATHPHY1 
NUMEANL  Numerical Analysis  3  MATH115, LINEALG 
FINMATH  Financial Management for Math Majors  3  
SPEECOM  Oral Communication/Advanced Speech Class  3  
TREDTWO  The Filipino Christian in a Changing World  3  TREDONE 
Total Units  18 
CLASM E2  Classical Mechanics 2  3  CLASM E1 
QUMEONE  Quantum Mechanics 1  3  PHYFUN3, MATPHY2 
MATPHY3  Mathematical Methods in Physics 3  3  MATPHY2, MATH115 
LINPROG  Linear Programming  3  LINEALG 
KASPIL2  Kasaysayan ng Pilipinas  3  KASPIL1 
HUMALIT  Introduction to Literature  3  ENGLRES 
Total Units  18 
LIMOBAP  Linear Models  3  INSTA2, LINEALG 
QUMETWO  Quantum Mechanics 2  3  QUMEONE 
PHYSEMI  Physics Seminar  1  SPEECOM 
FINBANK  Bank Management  3  FINMATH 
FINTERM  Financial Markets & NonBank Financial Institutions  3  FINMATH 
TREDTRI  The Christian and the Word  3  TREDTWO 
SOCTEC2  Integrated Social Science, Technology & Society 2  3  
Total Units  19 
STATMEC  Statistical Mechanics  3  PHYFUN2, MATPHY2 
ELECMA1  Electricity & Magnetism 1  3  MATPHY1, PHYFUN2 
THYSPHY1  Physics Research 1  1  PHYSEM I 
FINVEST  Investment Analysis & Portfolio Mgt.  3  FINTERM 
FILDLAR  Pagbabasa at Pagsulat sa Iba’t Ibang Disiplina/ Larangan  3  FILKOMU 
GRTWORK  Great Works  3  
Total Units  16 
MATPHYS  Stochastic Methods in Physics  3  STATMEC 
ELECMA2  Electricity & Magnetism 2  3  ELECMA1 
SOLSTAT  Solid State Physics  3  STATMEC, QUMEONE 
COMPDYN  Dynamics of Complex Systems  3  CLASME1 
THYSPHY2  Physics Research 2  1  THYSPHY1 
TIMEFOR  Time Series Analysis & Forecasting  3  LIMOBAP 
TREDFOR  The Christian Vocation of Life  3  TREDTRI 
PERSEF3  Personal Effectiveness 3  (2)  PERSEF2 
LASARE3  Lasallian Retreat  0  LASARE2 
Total Units  18(2) 
THYSPHY3  Physics Research 3  1  THYSPHY2 
BAELEC1  Basic Electronics 1  3  PHYFUN2 
LBYPHYK  Basic Electronics Lab 1  1  LBYPHY2 
FINSURE  Insurance Management  3  FINTERM 
FINRISK  Management of Risk in Financial Mgt.  3  FINTERM , FINBANK 
HUMAART  Introduction to Art  3  
Total Units  15 
PRACPHY  Practicum for Physics Majors  3  
Total Units  3 
TO THE STUDENT: Please take note that subjects should not be enrolled without passing their respective prerequisite. Be reminded that subjects taken without having passed the prerequisite will be INVALIDATED. Subjects without prerequisite can be taken in any term. Please be guided accordingly. Thank you.
Academic Units  198 
NonAcademic Units  12 
Total Units  210 
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
Basic/Foundational Courses
PHYFUN1 Physics Fundamentals 1 (3 units)
Vectors; kinematics; Newton’s Laws; energy; momentum
Prerequisite: College Algebra, Trigonometry
PHYFUN2 Physics Fundamentals 2 (3 units)
Coulomb’s Law; electric field and potential; Gauss’s Law; electric circuits; Ohm’s Law; Kirchhoff’s rules; magnetostatics; magnetic induction
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1
PHYFUN3 Physics Fundamentals 3 (3 units)
Oscillations; mechanical waves; vibrating bodies; acoustics; electromagnetic waves; geometrical and physical optics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1
PHYFUN4 Physics Fundamentals 4 (3 units)
Special Theory of Relativity; modern physics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1
MATH111 College Algebra (3 units)
A course covering the number systems, algebraic functions, relations and graphs, equations, systems of equations, inequalities, and inverse functions.
MATH112 Trigonometry (3 units)
A course including polynomial functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, circular functions, trigonometric identities and equations, complex numbers, law of sines, law of cosines and solution of triangles.
MATH113 Mathematical Analysis 1 (4 units)
A first course in Analysis covering plane analytic geometry, limits and continuity, derivatives of algebraic functions, and their applications.
Prerequisite: College algebra, trigonometry.
MATH114 Mathematical Analysis 2 (4 units)
A continuation of Analysis
1. It covers differentials, indefinite and definite integrals and their applications, derivatives and integrals of logarithmic and exponential functions, trigonometric functions, and techniques of integration.
Prerequisite: Mathematical analysis 1 MATH115
MATH115 Mathematical Analysis 3 (4 units)
A continuation of Analysis 2. It covers polar coordinates, indeterminate forms and improper integrals, infinite sequences and series, 3dimensional space, quadric surfaces, functions of several variables and evaluation of multiple integrals in Cartesian coordinates.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 2
STATSCI Introduction to Statistics 1 (3 units) A course covering descriptive statistics, basic rules of probability, discrete probability distributions, normal distribution, sampling distributions, confidence intervals and tests of hypotheses for means, difference of means and variance, t and chisquare distribution and proportion.
Prerequisite: College Algebra
MATPHY1 Mathematical Methods in Physics 1 (3 units)
Vector analysis covering algebra, differentiation and integration; integral theorems; curvilinear coordinates.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 2
MATPHY2 Mathematical Methods in Physics 2 (3 units)
A course on ordinary and partial differential equations with emphasis on secondorder differential equations.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Methods in Physics 1
MATPHY3 Mathematical Methods in Physics 3 (3 units)
A course on complex analysis and integral equations. It includes contour integration, calculus of residues and Fourier transform.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Methods in Physics 2
Major/Core Courses
CLASME1 Classical Mechanics 1 (3 units)
Newtonian, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of classical mechanics, applications to central forces and harmonic oscillators
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1, Mathematical Methods for Physics 1
CLASME2 Classical Mechanics 2 (3 units)
Noninertial frames, rigid bodies, systems of particles, relativistic kinematics and dynamics
Prerequisite: Classical Mechanics 2
ELECMA1 Electricity and Magnetism 1 (3 units)
Electrostatics and magnetostatics in vacuum, boundary value problems, electrodynamics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2, Mathematical Methods for Physics 1
ELECMA2 Electricity and Magnetism 2 (3 units)
Electrostatics and magnetostatics in material media, electromagnetic waves and electromagnetic radiation
Prerequisite: Electricity and Magnetism 1
QUMEONE Quantum Mechanics 1 (3 units)
Postulates of quantum mechanics, the Schrödinger equation and its applications to harmonic oscillators and central forces, operator methods and matrix mechanics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 3, Mathematical Methods 2
QUMETWO Quantum Mechanics 2 (3 units)
Spin, angular momenta, hydrogen atom, perturbation theory and identical particles
Prerequisite: Quantum Mechanics 1
STATMEC Statistical Mechanics (3 units)
Probability theory; equilibrium statistical mechanics and thermodynamics; kinetic theory; diffusion; phase transformations
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2, Mathematical Methods 2
SOLSTAT SolidState Physics (3 units)
Crystal structures and crystallography; free electron theory of metals; electron states in periodic potentials; band theory of solids; lattice oscillations; fundamentals of electrical, thermal, magnetic and optical properties of metals, dielectrics and semiconductors and polymers; superconductivity
Prerequisite: Statistical Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics
Basic Skills Courses
BAELEC1 Basic Electronics 1 (3 units) + 1 unit laboratory
Introduction to electronics covering basic DC and AC circuit analysis, diode and transistor circuits, logic gates and basic logic operations.
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2, Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 2
COMPHY1 Computer for Physics 1 (3 units)
This course is designed for students in the B.S. Physics program. It provides all programming essentials for constructing simple scientific applications.
Prerequisite: College Algebra
LBYPHYX Physics fundamentals Laboratory 1 (2 units)
This is a first course in physics for physics majors, covering the basic concepts and laws in mechanics in a laboratory setting and activities to develop basic laboratory skills.
LBYPHY2 Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 2 (1 unit)
This course complements the lecture courses on PHYSICS 2 for engineering, science and computer studies students. It covers activities to further develop basic laboratory skills initially practiced in PHYSICS LABORATORY 1. Selected experiments in thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism will be performed.
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 1
Corequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2
LBYPHY3 Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 3 (1 unit)
This laboratory course is designed for College of Science students taking up Fundamentals of Physics 3 (lecture component). The course supplements the topics discussed in the lecture class. Specifically, experiments in waves and optics are performed to provide the student concrete applications of concepts learned in the lecture class.
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 2
Corequisite: Physics Fundamentals 3
Research, Seminar and Practicum
PHYSEMI Physics Seminar (1 unit)
This course enables the students to prepare for their thesis proposal by the 12th week of the trimester. Students enrolled in this subject MUST also be working as apprentices in one of the research groups of the department. Also, this subject enables them to write their thesis proposal. In writing the thesis proposal, the students get a feel of the requirements of the study they will undertake along with its theoretical background. This course also aims to develop the following Lasallian characteristics: critical and logical thinking, resourcefulness and innovativeness, perseverance and selfdiscipline.
Prerequisite: Oral Communication/ Advanced Speech Class
THSPHY1 Physics Research 1 (1 unit)
The first thesis course for physics majors. The major requirement for the course is the presentation of a thesis proposal.
Prerequisite: Physics Seminar
THSPHY2 Physics Research 2 (1 unit)
The second thesis course for physics majors where students are expected to conduct the greater part of their thesis research.
Prerequisite: Physics Research 1
THSPHY3 Physics Research (1 unit)
The third and last thesis course for physics majors. Students are expected to finalize their thesis research and present the work to a panel of examiners.
Prerequisite: Physics Research
PRCPHYS Practicum for Physics Students (3 units)
A practicum course for Physics students.
Specialization Courses for Minor in Economics and Finance
COMPDYN Dynamics of Complex Systems (3 units)
Nonlinear dynamics; deterministic chaos; Lyapunov exponents; strange attractors; fractals and multifractals; bifurcations and catastrophes; Introduction to models and applications of complex networks.
Prerequisites: Classical Mechanics 1
MATPHYS Stochastic Methods in Physics (3 units)
Theory of gaussian stochastic processes and their evolution equations; random walks; stochastic calculus and stochastic differential equations; introduction to nongaussian stochastic processes; Levy stable distributions and fat tails.
Prerequisite: Statistical Mechanics
LINEALG Linear Algebra (3 units)
A study of systems of linear equations, vector space, linear dependence, bases, dimensions, linear transformations, matrices, determinants, eigenvalues, eigenvectors.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 2
NUMENLA Introduction to Numerical Analysis (3 units)
A course in linear and nonlinear equations, system of linear equations, numerical differentiation and integration, and numerical solutions to differential equations.
Prerequisite: Linear Algebra, Mathematical Analysis 3
LINPROG Linear Programming (3 units)
A first course in operations research. This course exposes the students to basic linear optimization analysis, the revised simplex method, duality, and the interiorpoint method.
Prerequisite: Linear algebra
INSTA2 Inferential Statistics (3 units)
A second course in statistics covering chisquare and F distributions, tests of hypotheses for difference of means, proportion, difference of proportions, variance, difference of variances, regressions, correlation, analysis of variance, and the use of nonparametric methods. It also includes the steps to be undertaken in conducting sample surveys, theoretical discussions on different sampling designs, estimation procedures using the various designs, sample size estimation as well as variance reduction techniques.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Statistics 1
LIMOBAP Linear Models for Business Applications (3 units)
A study of various linear statistical models that arise in practice. Topics include multivariate normal distribution, distribution of quadratic forms, general linear models, estimation and tests of hypotheses about linear hypotheses, and design matrices giving rise to analysis of variance models.
Prerequisite: Inferential Statistics, Linear algebra
TIMEFOR Time Series Analysis and Forecasting (3 units)
A course dealing with the different methods of forecasting time series data– classical smoothing procedures and the use of statistical models. The theoretical and model building issues of techniques like exponential smoothing, moving average, seasonal decomposition, ARIMA models, and transfer functions.
Prerequisite: Linear Models for Business applications
ECONONE Basic Microeconomics (3 units)
The course aims to give an appreciation and understanding of basic theories and concepts in economics, and its application to current national and international economics issues. In addition, this course exposes the students to alternative tools of economic analysis and how they are used to solve problems of a country. The course introduces students to basic microeconomics. Microeconomics focuses on individual decisionmaking units like the consumer and suppliers. It also deals with trends that affect particular business firms, workers, or regions in the economy.
Prerequisite: College Algebra
ECONTWO Introduction to Macroeconomics (3 units)
This course is an introduction to macroeconomics, the study of aggregate (or national) economic behavior. As an introductory course, it will provide you with the concepts and tools necessary to read the newspaper critically for economic content, while providing a foundation for future economic courses. After a quick introduction to the fundamental principles of economic analysis, including graphing and theoretical concepts, the succeeding sessions will focus on learning the tools of macroeconomics and exploring the role of fiscal policy, followed by a study of money – its functions, its place in the economy, and its use as a policy tool. With this knowledge, the remainder of the term can be devoted to a deeper discussion of issues involving unemployment and inflation, government budget deficits, exchange rates, the open economy and other current policy issues.
Prerequisite: Basic Microeconomics
MICREC1 Microeconomic Theory 1 (3 units)
This is the first of a twocourse Intermediate Microeconomic Theory sequence. The objective of the course is to provide students with the central concepts of decisionmaking and optimization in a market framework. Simple mathematical models are used to develop these concepts. It concentrates on the theories of consumer decisionmaking, production and costs, and partial equilibrium competitive models.
Prerequisite: Introduction to Macroeconomics, Mathematical Analysis 2
MICREC2 Microeconomics 2 (3 units)
This is the second of a twocourse study of Intermediate Microeconomics. In this course, we examine price determination under imperfectly competitive structures (monopoly, oligopoly and monopolostic competition), both in the market for goods and production inputs (e.g., labor and capital services). We then go on to analyze the efficiency of a competetive model of market interdependence (e.g., general equilibrium). We will then consider the possibility of market failures due to externalities and asymmMacroetric information. Special topic such as decisionmaking under uncertainty is also taken up.
Prerequisite: Microeconomic Theory 1
MACREC1 Macroeconomics 1 (3 units)
This course aims to provide a comprehensive view on basic macroeconomic concepts focusing on: national income accounting; goods, labor, and financial markets; as well as the determination of output, inflation rates, interest rates, and employment. It also discusses the role of fiscal and monetary policies. Finally, it considers certain macroeconomic issues such as the relation between unemployment and inflation, aggregate demand and aggregate supply, and the government’s budget, among others.
Prerequisite: Basic Macroeconomics, Mathematical Analysis 2
MACREC2 Macroeconomics 2 (3 units)
This course will discuss certain macroeconomic issues that are concerned with economic growth and the role of expectations. It will also present the dynamics of the open macroeconomy, focusing on exchange rates, the ISLM model, among others. The course will also tackle macroeconomics events that do not conform to longrun concepts such as high unemployment and inflation. Finally, it will look at the features of discretionary fiscal and monetary policies.
Prerequisite: Macroeconomics 1
ECONMET Econometrics (3 units)
A study of econometric methods for students who have had a term’s work in economic statistics. The course includes a study of the classical linear regression model and the basics of econometric theory covering among others autocorrelation, multicollinearity, and heteroscedasticity.
Prerequisite: Inferential Statistics
FINALEC Financial Economics (3 units)
An integrated view of the financial functions of a business firm. It provides economics students a working knowledge about the tools in financial analysis and an appreciation of the use of financial information for decisionmaking and economic analysis.
Prerequisite: Microeconomics 2, Macroeconomics 2
ACTBAS1 Introductory Accounting – Part I (3 units)
This introductory course is designed to develop a basic understanding of the conceptual framework underlying the measurement and communication of financial data. The fundamental concepts and principles are introduced and discussed. It covers the entire accounting cycle of a sole proprietor in a service enterprise.
ACTBAS2 Introductory Accounting – Part II (3 units)
This course extends the study of the accounting cycle for a sole proprietorship form of business engaged in merchandising activities. It includes recording of business transactions using special journals. The voucher system and bank reconciliation are discussed. students are exposed to the use of an accounting software package in processing business transactions.
Prerequisite: Introductory Accounting – Part I
FINMATH Financial Management (3 units)
Prerequisite: Introductory Accounting – Part II
FINBANK Bank Management (3 units)
This is a major course that firmly equips the students with the necessary concepts, principles, and techniques used in sourcing and allocating bank funds that would maximize shareholders’ wealth whilst maintaining adequate liquidity consistent with acceptable levels of risks. As banking continues to be an industryinchange, FINBANK logically begins in familiarizing the students with the financial environment in which bank managers must operate in – the structure, functions and operations of financial intermediaries. It is the end view of the course to challenge students, as prospect bankers, to be able to confront headon the strategic issues of risk, return, regulation, competition, technology, and globalization that face and shape all the past, present and future of the banking industry in its entirety.
Prerequisite: Financial Management
FINVEST Investment Analysis and Portfolio Management (3 units)
This course introduces future investment managers with the basic concepts, techniques, and processes to investment analysis and portfolio management. The concentration of the course is the evaluation of the traditional investments in the Philippines, in particular, and the world, in general.
FINTERM Financial Markets and NonBank Financial Institutions (3 units)
This is a study of financial markets and nonbank financial institutions. The basic principles to be studied are the following: an overview of the financial system, the theory of financial structure, interest rates, and portfolio choice. Efficient capital markets are also discussed. Specifically, the following financial markets are given particular attention: the debt (bond) market, the stock market, and the foreign exchange market. The course also focuses on the operations of major nonbank financial institutions such as: private equity firms, investment banks, securities brokers and dealers, and mutual funds.
Prerequisite: Financial Management
FINSURE Insurance Mangement (3 units)
This is a major finance course that covers the basic concepts of general and property insurance and life insurance and organization and management, funds, investments, reinsurances, and insurance legislation. Integrity in underwriting and fairness in claims administration are addressed together with technical and managerial competence and introduction to actuarial calculations and valuation. The course is being studied: as a risk management function in the interests of policyholders, insurers, and the society in general being the ultimate beneficiary; and as a financial intermediary contributing to national development through capital formation and allocation.
Prerequisite: Bank Management, Financial Markets and NonBank Financial Institutions
FINRISK Management of Risk in Financial Institutions (3 units)
This course is focused on the management and mitigation of risk faced by financial institutions. These risks, which can be classified into market risk, liquidity risk, credit risk, and operational risk, have to be addressed as bank and insurance companies prepare themselves to expand their operations globally and domestically. This elective course is also focused on the understanding and the importance of developing an Enterprisewide Risk Management Framework in the effective management of risks. This is done through an indepth understanding and analysis of the different risk models. The course provides students understanding of the regulatory environment and framework through the exhaustive discussion of the existing Basle Accord as well as its proposed amendments.
Prerequisite: Bank Mangement, Financial Markets and NonBank Financial Institutions General
General Education Courses
ENGLCOM Basic Communication and Study Skills (3 units)
A course that primarily focuses on the development of communicative competence in reading and writing. ENGLONE will use various strategies in academic reading, and the process approach to academic writing. Evaluation will include traditional and nontraditional (portfolio assessment) methods.
ENGLRES Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purpose (3 units)
A course that advances the basic academic reading and writing skills learned in English One. It also enhances the critical thinking skills necessary in conducting research and develop skills required in technical communication of a particular field (Business, Computer Science, Engineering, Liberal Arts, Education, Science.)
Prerequisite: Basic Communication and Study Skills
SPEECOM Oral Communication/ Advance Speech Class (3 units)
An English for Specific Purposes (ESP) course that focuses on the production, delivery and assessment of the following, the impromptu, lecture and /or persuasive speech for individual presentation, and the group/panel discussion for group presentation. The presentation aim at providing firsthand experience in public speaking to develop their selfconfidence and critical thinking.
Prerequisite: Basic Communication and Study Skills
HUMALIT Introduction to Literature (3 units)
The study of literary forms or genres as exemplified by selected literary texts from various countries at different historical periods.
Prerequisite: Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purpose
HUMAART Introduction to Art (3 units)
An introduction to the elements and principles of art (music, dance, architecture, sculpture, painting and film) through a critical examination of the major art works, movements and styles in the Philippines and the world. It is principally a study of arts as processes of the creative imagination in dynamic interaction with its multifaceted worlds.
Prerequisite: Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purpose
SOCTEC1 Science, Technology and Society 1 (3 units)
The course focuses on the interface between science and technology on the one and human society and culture on the other. The course analyzes how science influences and is influenced by prevailing views and attitudes in society about the individual person, human culture and society, and human and social development and progress.
SOCTEC2 Science, Technology and Society 2 (3 units)
The course is about the influence and consequences of science and technology on various aspects of society, such as the environment, the economy, modernization and globalization, social and power relations, and governance.
Prerequisite: Science, Technology and Society 1
FILKOMU Komunikasyon sa Filipinohiya (Basic Communication in Filipino, 3 units)
Gamit ang Wika sa higit na mataas na makrokasanayan sa pagtalakay ng Araling Pilipinas (Philippines Studies) sa pagkilala at pagunawa sa sarili at sa pambansang identidad, kultura at lipunan. Pangkalahatang saklaw ng kurso ang pagtatamo ng bawat lasalliang estudyante ng kompetens sa komunikasyon sa apat na diskors na may kontent ng Filipinolohiya sa larangang akademik.
FILDLAR Pagbasa at Pagsulat sa Iba’tibang Disiplina (Filipino for Specific Purposes, 3units)
Fokus ng kurso ang paglinang ng mga kasanayan sa analitikal at kritikal na pagbasa at pagsulat para sa pangangailangang akademik at komunikasyon pamprofesyonal na nagsasaalangalang sa ibat ibang rejister ng wika. Pagaralan ang mga teknik sa pagsasalin at estratehiya sa pagbasa na lampas sa komprehensyon gamit ang mga genre na nakasulat (maging naririnig, napapanood) na tekstong disiplinal o buhat sa ibat ibang larangan ng gamit ng wikahumanidades, agham panlipunan at komunikasyon, at agham at teknolohiya, at profesyon. Magsisilbing modelo ang mga babasahin sa pagsulat ng mga iskolarling sanaysay at riserts.
Prerequisite: Komunikasyon sa Filipinohiya
KASPIL1 Buhay, mga Sinulat at Nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal (Rizal Studies, 3 units)
Isang kritikal na pagaaral at pagsusuri sa buhay, mga akda at nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal mula pagkabata hanggang sa siya ay itanghal na isang bayani. Tinatalakay din sa kurso ang panahong prekolonyal hanggang sa kolonyalismong Espanyol sa Pilipinas na may diin sa ika19 na dataon na siyang panahong ginalawan ni Dr. Jose Rizal. Ang kurso ay alinsunod sa itanatadhana at diwa ng Batas Rizal (R.A.1425, 1956) na naglalayong matugunan ang pangangailangan ng pangkasalukuyang panahon na mapagtibay ang damdaming makabayan ng mga magaaral.
KASPIL2 Kasaysayan mg Pilipinas (Philippine History, 3 units)
Isang mapamunang pagaaral ng kasaysayan ng Pilipinas at ang kanyang mga institusyong pulitikal, ekonomiko, sosyal at kultural mula sa pagkakatatag ng Unang Republika hanggang sa kasalukuyan ayon sa pananaw ng isang Pilipino. Tinatalakay nito ang pagkabuo, pagunlad at ang mga hinarap na suliranin ng bansang Pilipinas sa bawat yugto ng kasaysayan mula sa pananakop ng mga Amerikano. Sa kursong ito, maipapaalam sa mga magaaral ang prosesong historikal bilang isang disiplina ng agham panlipunan at sa napakahalagang papel nito sa pagunawa at pagbibigay solusyon sa mga isyung kinakaharap ng bansa sa kasalukuyan.
Prerequisite: Buhay, mga Sinulat at Nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal
INTFILO Introduction to Philosophy (3 units)
Philosophy, both as a way of life and an academic discipline, examines and understands the fundamental questions about the world and human life, seeks answers to these questions, and applies the answers to daily living. It also examines the basis upon which beliefs are held, and explodes possible interconnections among various fields of knowledge. This course shall introduce students to the ideas of some of the world’s greatest philosophers, which have shaped the way in which human beings think and live.
TREDONE Humanity’s Search for Life (3 units)
In the Asian context, religion is bound up with the people’s stories about the search for life and salvation. It is at the core of the Asian way of life. As the course looks at the uniqueness of the different religious traditions, the students are led to a critical appreciation of and openness to the truthclaims as expressed in their beliefs, norms, and rituals. This discovery will lead students to a greater interest in interreligious and ecumenical dialogue and to a mature faith.
TREDTWO The Filipino Christian in a Changing World (3 units)
This course will help students to develop as persons in communties of moral discernment. The FilipinoChristian living in a rapidly changing world is confronted with challenges and alternative lifestyles which demand proper discernment, evaluation and decision.
Prerequisite: Humanity’s Search for Life
TREDTRI The Christian and the Word (3 units)
The project aims to develop a manual for the course, The Christian and the Word (TREDTRI), consisting of a student guide and an instructional guide for TREDTRI teachers. The student guide and the instructional guide will indicate the topics, learning objectives, methodology, activities, evaluation, and resournces pertinent to the course.
Prerequisite: The Filipino Christian in a Changing World
TREDFOR The Christian Vocation to Life (3 units)
The search for meaning is inseparable from one’s chosen sate of life. Taking into account insights from relevant disciplines, the course deepens the students’ general understanding of the universal call to holiness of the Reign of God and various responses to it. Moreover, the course prepares then to live in accord with their chosen reponse to God’s call in an authentic and Lasallian Christian manner.
Prerequisite: The Christian and the Word
GREATWK The Great Works (3 units)
The course is designed to center on a theme built around three Great Works from various cultures/disciplines that have exerted influence on the way human beings think about themselves in relation to the world. The course will be taught by a team of three teacherfacilitators who will rotate every four weeks in three classes. Each teacher will facilitate the reading and discussion of one work. Towards the end of the term, the teachers will meet as a team with all the students of the three classes in sessions that will serve to integrate the discussions on the three Great Works. Through the course, students are given a venue to participate in multidisciplinary discourses on how a particular Great Work “reads” or “thinks through” the human problems with new perspectives and paradigms.
FWTEAMS Fitness and Wellness in Team Sports (2 units)
The course aims to provide an opportunity to introduce fundamentals skills of specific team sports and strategies of organized team sports, their history and development, international amateur rules, system of play plus the facts and concepts of cardiorespiratory endurance, body composition, muscolusskeletal fitness like flexibility, muscular strength, endurance and common team sports injuries prevention and rehabilitation.
FWSPORT Fitness and Wellness in Individual/Dual Sports (2 units)
An introductory course designed to familiarize freshman students with basic concepts, principles and practices focusing on the integration of Healthrelated, Performance related Physical Fitness skills, sport specific Skills and Wellness in order to develop and maintain an active lifestyle.
FWDANCE Fitness and Wellness in Dance (2 units)
This course introduces the students to the fundamental step patterns of simple to intricate variations of selected classic dance sport dances, contemporary classic Filipino and Filipino rhythmic dances. It also encourages the students to choreograph variations of their own. Students express their feelings or emotions through movements disciplined by rhythm. Dance etiquette, health and safety in dancing, posture and body mechanics are also included together with other concepts of fitness other than performance and health related fitness.
PERSEF1 Personal Effectiveness 1 (2 units, nonacademic)
The Lasallian Core Curriculum of the DLSUManila aims at developing a whole person who embodies the Lasallian values and demonstrates professional skills as well as personal competencies. This individual is mature in all aspects of his/her person, with a nationalistic and humanistic outlook and carefully reasoned faith. PERSEF1 is a foundational course in the Lasallian Core curriculum, to be taken by all students in their first year. It provides the information and skills that they need in order to adjust to college life. The course covers basic topics in each of the 5 themes of total personal development, designed to complement their academic and spiritual growth. These themes will be further explored in the 2 Personal Effectiveness courses which the students will take in later years.
PERSEF2 Personal Effectiveness 2 (2 units, nonacademic)
PERSEF 2 is a formative course in the Lasallian Core Curriculum, taken by students in their 2nd or 3rd year, before they take their practicum courses. It focuses on their preparation for entry into the world of work. It is based on the theory that career is a developmental process that starts in childhood and goes on through life. One’s career development is thus affected by, and affects, one’s physical, sociopsychological, spiritual and cognitive development. The topics of the various sessions revolve around the same 5 themes of total personal development, which were covered in PERSEF1, but take on a different level with emphasis on career development.
Prerequisite: Personal Effectiveness 1
PERSEF3 Personal Effectiveness 3 (2 units, nonacademic)
PERSEF 3 is an integrative course in the Lasallian Core Curriculum, taken by all students in their final year. It provides them the opportunity to assess their development as individuals and to plan the rest of their lives as Lasallians in the community. It covers topics in the 5 themes of total personal development, taking these to a level of introspection as well as application.
Prerequisite: Personal Effectiveness 2
BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN PHYSICS WITH SPECIALIZATION IN MATERIALS SCIENCE
Description and Aims of the Program
The BSPhysics with specialization in Materials Science is an 11trimester undergraduate program in physics with emphasis on the applications of physics to materials science. It aims to produce graduates who have concrete understanding of the fundamental physical principles and techniques, a capacity for quantitative and technical analysis, and the ability to apply their knowledge and skills in physics to the study of materials.
Being primarily a physics program, it does not attempt to cut across the whole breadth of the multidisciplinary area of materials science. Rather, it concentrates on the interface of physics with materials science, and seeks to produce practical physicists who can readily work with the semiconductor industry and other industries of materials. It is further hoped that the foundational skills and knowledge in physics will contribute to the research and development of new materials useful to the continuing upliftment of humankind.
Expected Learning Outcomes or Competencies
Critical and Creative Thinker  1. apply mathematical, computational and experimental methods in solving physical problems* 2. able to evaluate quality of information gathered from varied sources 3. capable of translating scientific knowledge and methods into innovations in materials science, medicine, economics and finance 
Effective Communicator  1. synthesize and effectively communicate scientific information* 2. able to express thoughts in a logical, clear, concise, and precise manner 
Reflective Lifelong Learner  1. apply scientific reasoning to arrive at decisions* 2. actively pursue new knowledge, be open to new ideas, and respect other people’s view points 3. pursue personal and professional growth by constantly acquiring new skills and keeping abreast with technological advancement 
Servicedriven Citizen  1. employ scientific skills and knowledge for the improvement of human life and the preservation of the environment 2. uphold intellectual honesty and integrity in their conduct 
*CHED competency standards for BS Physics, (CHED Memo No. 20, Series of 2007, Article IV)
Program Structure
The students spend their first year in preparatory studies, particularly on mathematics. Introductorylevel physics and mathematical methods for physics courses are taken from the second to the sixth trimester of the program, preparing the students for the core physics courses (mechanics, electromagnetism, quantum mechanics and statistical physics), which are taken in the junior and senior years.economics.
A good dose of chemistry, computer and electronics courses, essential in providing foundational and practical knowledge and skills for materials science application, are included mainly in introductory years of the program. Foundational courses in materials science are taken during the junior year, ensuring that the course material can be handled with sufficient breadth and depth. Applications of upperlevel physics to the study of materials are covered during the final year (9th to 11th term) in such courses as solidstate physics, structural analysis of materials, failure analysis and introduction to photonics.
REQUIRED COURSES WITH COURSE CREDITS
Part I. General Education, Basic and Major Courses
All BS Physics majors, regardless of specialization and minor, take the following courses (general education, basic, major, research, seminar and practicuum):
General Education/La Sallian Core Curriculum  Units 
English  9 
Humanities  6 
Filipino  6 
Science, Technology and Society  6 
Mathematics  6 
Natural Science (Physics Fundamentals)  6 
History and Rizal  6 
Philiosophy  3 
Theology & Religious Education  12 
Fitness & Wellness  6 
Personal Effectiveness  (6) 
Great Works  3 
Civic Welfare Training Service  (6) 
Lasallian Retreat  0 
Total  69(12) 
Basics/ Foundational Courses  Units 
Physics Fundamentals  6 
Analysis  12 
Mathematical Methods in Physics  9 
Statistics  3 
Total  30 
Major/ Core Courses  Units 
Classical Mechanics  6 
Electrodynamics  6 
Quantum Mechanics  6 
Statistical Mechanics  3 
Computational Methods in Physics  3 
Solid State Physics  3 
Total  27 
Basic Skills Course  Units 
Computer Programming  6 
Basic Electronics (lecture and lab)  4 
Physics Fundamentals (lab)  4 
Total  14 
Research and Seminar  4 
OntheJobTraining (Practicuum)  3 
Part II. Specialization Courses
BS Physics majors have the option to choose from four tracks, namely Materials Science, Medical Instrumentation, minor in Economics, and minor in Finance. Students, depending on their chosen tracks, take 49 to 54 units of specialization courses. Below is a list of specialization courses for the minor in Finance track.
Materials Science Specialization  Units 
Fundamentals of Materials Science  6 
Materials Science Laboratory  3 
Semiconductor Physics  3 
Structural Analysis of Materials  3 
Failure Analysis  3 
Introduction to Photonics (lecture & lab)  4 
Computer Programming  3 
Electronics (lecture & lab)  8 
Chemistry (lecture & lab)  16 
Total  49 
PROGRAM COURSE CHECKLISTS
BS Physics minor in Finance
MATH111  College Algebra  3  
MATH112  Trigonometry  3  
LBYPHYX  Physics Laboratory 1 for Physics Majors  2  
FILKOMU  Kuomunikasyon sa Araling Filipino  3  
TREDONE  Humanity’s Search for Life  3  
KASPIL1  Pagaaral sa Buhay, M ga Akda at Nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal  3  
FWTEAMS  Physics Fitness & Wellness in Team Sports  2  
PERSEF1  Personal Effectiveness Foundation  (2)  
Total Units  17+2(2) 
MATH113  Analysis 1  4  MATH111 
PHYFUN1  Physics Fundamentals 1  3  MATH111, MATH112(soft) 
COMPHY1  Computer for Physics 1  3  MATH111, MATH112(soft) 
SOCTEC1  Integrated Social Science, Technoogy & Society 1  3  
ENGLCOM  Basic Communication & Study Skills  3  
FWSPORT  Physical Fitness & Wellness in Individual/Dual Sports  2  
NSTPC1/R1  NSTP Program – Civic Welfare Training Service/ Military Science 1  (3)  
Total Units  16+2(3) 
MATH114  Analysis 2  4  MATH113 
PHYFUN2  Physics Fundamentals 2 (lec)  3  PHYFUN1 
LBYPHY2  Physics Fundamentals 2 (lab)  1  
COMPHY2  Computer for Physics 2  3  COMPHY1 
ENGLRES  Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purposes  3  ENGLCOM 
INTFILO  Introductory Philosophy  3  
NSTPC2/R2  NSTP Program – Civic Welfare Training Service/ M ilitary Science 2  (3)  NSTPC1/R1 
FWDANCE  Physical Fitness & Wellness in Dance  2  
LASARE1  Lasallian Recollection 1  0  
Total Units  17+2(3) 
INOCHE1  Gen. Chemistry 1 (lec)  3  
LBYCHE14  Gen. Chemistry 1 (lab)  1  
MATPHY1  Mathematical Methods in Physics 1  3  MATH114 
MATH115  Analysis 3  3  MATH114 
PHYFUN3  Physics Fundamentals 3 (lec)  3  PHYFUN2 
LBYPHY3  Physics Fundamentals 3 (lab)  1  PHYFUN3, LBYPHYX 
COMPHY3  Computer for Physics 3  3  COMPHY2 
PERSEF2  Personal Effectiveness 2  (2)  PERSEF1 
LASARE2  Lasallian Recollection 2  0  LASARE1 
Total Units  18(2) 
INOCHE2  Gen. Chemistry 2 (lec)  3  INOCHE1 
LBYCHE15  Gen. Chemistry 2 (lab)  1  LBYCHE14 
MATPHY2  Mathematical Methods in Physics 2  3  MATPHY1 
PHYFUN4  Physics Fundamentals 4  3  PHYFUN3 
BAELEC1  Basic Electronics 1  3  PHYFUN2 
LBYPHYK  Basic Electronics Lab 1  1  LBYPHY2 
COMETPY  Computational Methods in Physics  3  COMPHY2 
Total Units  17 
CLASME1  Classical mechanics 1  3  PHYFUN1,MATHPHY1 
STATSCI  Statistics for Science  3  MATH111 
BAELEC2  Basic Electronics 2  3  BAELEC1 
LBYPHYL  Basic Electronics Lab 2  1  LBYPHYK 
TREDTWO  The Filipino Christian in a Changing World  3  TREDONE 
SPEECOM  Oral Communication/Advanced Speech Class  3  ENGLRES 
Total Units  16 
MATPHY3  Mathematical Methods in Physics 3  3  MATPHY2,MATH115 
CLASME2  Classical Mechanics 2  3  CLASME1 
QUMEONE  Quantum Mechanics 1  3  PHYFUN3, MATPHY2 
FUNMAT1  Fundamentals of Materials Science  3  PHYFUN3, MATPHY2 
BAELEC3  Basic Electronics 3  3  PHYFUN3 
LBYPHYM  Basic Electronics 3 (lab)  1  LBYPHYL 
HUMALIT  Introduction to Literature  3  ENGLRES 
Total Units  19 
QUMETWO  Quantum Mechanics 2  3  QUMEONE 
PHYSEMI  Physics Seminar  1  SPEECOM 
FUNMAT2  Fundamentals of Materials Science 2  3  FUNMAT1 
LBYPHY5  Materials Science Lab 1  1  FUNMAT1 
TREDTRI  The Christian and the Word  3  TREDTWO 
KASPIL2  Kasaysayan ng Pilipinas  3  KASPIL1 
SOCTEC2  Integrated Social Science, Technology & Society 2  3  
Total Units  17 
ANALCHE  Analytical Chem for Medphysics  3  INOCHE2 
LBYCH22  Analytical Chem for Medphysics (lab)  1  LBYCHE15 
THYSPHY1  Physics Research 1  1  PHYSEM I 
STATMEC  Statistical Mechanics  3  PHYFUN2,MATPHY2 
ELECMA1  Electricity & Magnetism 1  3  MATPHY1,PHYFUN2 
STRUANA  Structural Analysis  3  FUNMAT2 
LBYPHY6  Materials Science Lab 2  2  LBYPHY5 
GRTWORK  Great Works  3  
Total Units  19 
ELECMA2  Electricity & Magnetism 2  3  ELECMA1 
SOLSTAT  Solid State Physics  3  STATMEC, QUMEONE 
THYSPHY2  Physics Research 2  1  THYSPHY1 
FAILANA  Failure Analysis  3  STRUANA 
ORGCHEM 1  Organic Chemistry 1 (lec)  3  INOCHE2 
TREDFOR  The Christian Vocation of Life  3  TREDTRI 
PERSEF3  Personal Effectiveness 3  (2)  PERSEF2 
LASARE3  Lasallian Retreat  0  LASARE2 
Total Units  16(2) 
THYSPHY3  Physics Research 3  1  THYSPHY2 
INPHOTO  Introduction to Photonics  3  PHYFUN3 
LBYPHY8  Introduction to Photonics (lab)  1  INPHOTO 
SEMPHYS  Semiconductor Physics  3  SOLSTAT 
LBYCH34  Organic Chemistry 1 (lab)  1  INOCHE2,LBYCH15 
FILDLAR  Pagbabasa at Pagsulat sa Iba’t Ibang  3  FILKOMU 
HUMAART  Art Appreciation  3  SOCTEC1 
Total Units  15 
PRACPHY  Practicum for Physics Majors  3  
Total Units  3 
TO THE STUDENT: Please take note that subjects should not be enrolled without passing their respective prerequisite. Be reminded that subjects taken without having passed the prerequisite will be INVALIDATED. Subjects without prerequisite can be taken in any term. Please be guided accordingly. Thank you.
Academic Units  196 
NonAcademic Units  12 
Total Units  208 
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
Basic/Foundational Courses
PHYFUN1 Physics Fundamentals 1 (3 units)
Vectors; kinematics; Newton’s Laws; energy; momentum
Prerequisite: College Algebra, Trigonometry
PHYFUN2 Physics Fundamentals 2 (3 units)
Coulomb’s Law; electric field and potential; Gauss’s Law; electric circuits; Ohm’s Law; Kirchhoff’s rules; magnetostatics; magnetic induction
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1
PHYFUN3 Physics Fundamentals 3 (3 units)
Oscillations; mechanical waves; vibrating bodies; acoustics; electromagnetic waves; geometrical and physical optics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1
PHYFUN4 Physics Fundamentals 4 (3 units)
Special Theory of Relativity; modern physics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1
MATH111 College Algebra (3 units)
A course covering the number systems, algebraic functions, relations and graphs, equations, systems of equations, inequalities, and inverse functions.
MATH112 Trigonometry (3 units)
A course including polynomial functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, circular functions, trigonometric identities and equations, complex numbers, law of sines, law of cosines and solution of triangles.
MATH113 Mathematical Analysis 1 (4 units)
A first course in Analysis covering plane analytic geometry, limits and continuity, derivatives of algebraic functions, and their applications.
Prerequisite: College algebra, trigonometry.
MATH114 Mathematical Analysis 2 (4 units)
A continuation of Analysis
1. It covers differentials, indefinite and definite integrals and their applications, derivatives and integrals of logarithmic and exponential functions, trigonometric functions, and techniques of integration.
Prerequisite: Mathematical analysis 1 MATH115
MATH115 Mathematical Analysis 3 (4 units)
A continuation of Analysis 2. It covers polar coordinates, indeterminate forms and improper integrals, infinite sequences and series, 3dimensional space, quadric surfaces, functions of several variables and evaluation of multiple integrals in Cartesian coordinates.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 2
STATSCI Introduction to Statistics 1 (3 units) A course covering descriptive statistics, basic rules of probability, discrete probability distributions, normal distribution, sampling distributions, confidence intervals and tests of hypotheses for means, difference of means and variance, t and chisquare distribution and proportion.
Prerequisite: College Algebra
MATPHY1 Mathematical Methods in Physics 1 (3 units)
Vector analysis covering algebra, differentiation and integration; integral theorems; curvilinear coordinates.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 2
MATPHY2 Mathematical Methods in Physics 2 (3 units)
A course on ordinary and partial differential equations with emphasis on secondorder differential equations.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Methods in Physics 1
MATPHY3 Mathematical Methods in Physics 3 (3 units)
A course on complex analysis and integral equations. It includes contour integration, calculus of residues and Fourier transform.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Methods in Physics 2
Major/Core Courses
CLASME1 Classical Mechanics 1 (3 units)
Newtonian, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of classical mechanics, applications to central forces and harmonic oscillators
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1, Mathematical Methods for Physics 1
CLASME2 Classical Mechanics 2 (3 units)
Noninertial frames, rigid bodies, systems of particles, relativistic kinematics and dynamics
Prerequisite: Classical Mechanics 2
ELECMA1 Electricity and Magnetism 1 (3 units)
Electrostatics and magnetostatics in vacuum, boundary value problems, electrodynamics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2, Mathematical Methods for Physics 1
ELECMA2 Electricity and Magnetism 2 (3 units)
Electrostatics and magnetostatics in material media, electromagnetic waves and electromagnetic radiation
Prerequisite: Electricity and Magnetism 1
QUMEONE Quantum Mechanics 1 (3 units)
Postulates of quantum mechanics, the Schrödinger equation and its applications to harmonic oscillators and central forces, operator methods and matrix mechanics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 3, Mathematical Methods 2
QUMETWO Quantum Mechanics 2 (3 units)
Spin, angular momenta, hydrogen atom, perturbation theory and identical particles
Prerequisite: Quantum Mechanics 1
STATMEC Statistical Mechanics (3 units)
Probability theory; equilibrium statistical mechanics and thermodynamics; kinetic theory; diffusion; phase transformations
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2, Mathematical Methods 2
SOLSTAT SolidState Physics (3 units)
Crystal structures and crystallography; free electron theory of metals; electron states in periodic potentials; band theory of solids; lattice oscillations; fundamentals of electrical, thermal, magnetic and optical properties of metals, dielectrics and semiconductors and polymers; superconductivity
Prerequisite: Statistical Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics
Basic Skills Courses
BAELEC1 Basic Electronics 1 (3 units) + 1 unit laboratory
Introduction to electronics covering basic DC and AC circuit analysis, diode and transistor circuits, logic gates and basic logic operations.
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2, Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 2
COMPHY1 Computer for Physics 1 (3 units)
This course is designed for students in the B.S. Physics program. It provides all programming essentials for constructing simple scientific applications.
Prerequisite: College Algebra
LBYPHYX Physics fundamentals Laboratory 1 (2 units)
This is a first course in physics for physics majors, covering the basic concepts and laws in mechanics in a laboratory setting and activities to develop basic laboratory skills.
LBYPHY2 Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 2 (1 unit)
This course complements the lecture courses on PHYSICS 2 for engineering, science and computer studies students. It covers activities to further develop basic laboratory skills initially practiced in PHYSICS LABORATORY 1. Selected experiments in thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism will be performed.
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 1
Corequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2
LBYPHY3 Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 3 (1 unit)
This laboratory course is designed for College of Science students taking up Fundamentals of Physics 3 (lecture component). The course supplements the topics discussed in the lecture class. Specifically, experiments in waves and optics are performed to provide the student concrete applications of concepts learned in the lecture class.
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 2
Corequisite: Physics Fundamentals 3
Research, Seminar and Practicum
PHYSEMI Physics Seminar (1 unit)
This course enables the students to prepare for their thesis proposal by the 12th week of the trimester. Students enrolled in this subject MUST also be working as apprentices in one of the research groups of the department. Also, this subject enables them to write their thesis proposal. In writing the thesis proposal, the students get a feel of the requirements of the study they will undertake along with its theoretical background. This course also aims to develop the following Lasallian characteristics: critical and logical thinking, resourcefulness and innovativeness, perseverance and selfdiscipline.
Prerequisite: Oral Communication/ Advanced Speech Class
THSPHY1 Physics Research 1 (1 unit)
The first thesis course for physics majors. The major requirement for the course is the presentation of a thesis proposal.
Prerequisite: Physics Seminar
THSPHY2 Physics Research 2 (1 unit)
The second thesis course for physics majors where students are expected to conduct the greater part of their thesis research.
Prerequisite: Physics Research 1
THSPHY3 Physics Research (1 unit)
The third and last thesis course for physics majors. Students are expected to finalize their thesis research and present the work to a panel of examiners.
Prerequisite: Physics Research
PRCPHYS Practicum for Physics Students (3 units)
A practicum course for Physics students.
Specialization Courses for Minor in Economics and Finance
FUNMAT1 Fundamentals of Materials Science 1 (3 units)
Structures of metals, ceramics and polymers; imperfections in solids; diffusion; mechanical properties; deforming and strengthening mechanisms; failure; phase diagrams; phase transformations.
FUNMAT2 Fundamentals of Materials Science 2 (3 units)
Electrical, thermal and magnetic properties of materials; applications of polymers, ceramics, metal alloys; synthesis, fabrication and processing of materials; composites; corrosion and degradation of materials; material selection and design considerations; economic, environmental and societal issues in materials science and engineering.
Prerequisite: Fundamentals of Materials Science 1
LBYPHY5 Fundamentals of Materials Science Laboratory (1 unit)
Crystallography; optical microscopy; scanning electron microscopy; xray and infrared spectroscopic analysis of microstructures.
Prerequisite: Physics Funadamentals Laboratory 2
Corequisite: Fundamentals of Materials Science 2
LBYPHY6 Fundamentals of Materials Science Laboratory 2 (2 units)
Thermal analysis; electronic and magnetic measurements; tensile strength; yielding, creep, and fracture; plasticity; damping; shape memory; thermal activation.
Prerequisite: Fundamentals of Materials Science Laboratory 1
SEMPHYS Semiconductor Physics (3 units)
Band structures; semiconductor in equilibrium; carrier transport phenomena; nonequilibrium excess carriers in semiconductors; pn junction; pnjunction diode; metal semiconductor and semiconductor heterojunctions; bipolar transistors; MOSFET.
Prerequisite: Solid State Physics
STRUANA Structural Analysis of Materials (3 units)
Finite element methods; two and three dimensional equilibrium of particles and rigid bodies; stress and strain; tension compression and shear stresses; crystal elasticity; anelasticity and viscoelasticity; mechanical properties intension and torsion; plasticity; 10trengthening.
Prerequisite: Fundamentals of Materials Science 2
FAILANA Failure Analysis (3 units)
Modes and causes of failure in mechanical components; nondestructive evaluation; legal and economic aspects of materials failure; analysis illustrated through student projects requiring integration of knowledge from several courses.
Prerequisite: Structural Analysis of Materials
INPHOTO Introduction to Photonics (3 units)
Optical properties of materials; semiconductor lasers; lightemitting diodes; optical modulators; photodetectors; fiber optics; quantum wells; selfelectrooptic effect device.
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 3
LBYPHY8 Introduction to Photonics Lab (1 unit)
Interferometry; fiber optics; optical properties of materials
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 3
Corequisite: Introduction to Photonics
COMPHY3 Computer for Physics Majors 3 (3 units)
A third course in computer programming, covering the essentials of network programming.
Prerequisite: Computer for Physics Majors 2
BAELEC2 Basic Electronics 2 (3 untis)
An integrated course in basic electronics, covering network theorems, amplifiers, opamps, combinational logic, synchronous sequential logic.
Prerequisite: Basic Electronics 1
LBYPHYL Basic Electronics Laboratory 2 (1 unit)
A laboratory course to complement BAELEC2 covering amplifier and digital circuits.
Prerequisite: Basic Electronics Laboratory 1
Corequisite: Basic Electronics 2
BAELEC3 Basic Elecronics 3 (3 units)
An integrated course in basic electronics, covering Fourier transforms, Laplace transforms, registers, counters, memory units, algorithmic state machines, asynchronous logic, and interfacing.
Prerequisite: Basic Electronics 2
LBYPHYM Basic Electronics Laboratory 3 (1 unit)
A laboratory course to complement BAELEC3 emphasizing microcontroller programming and computer interfacing.
Prerequisite: Basic Electronics Laboratory 2
Corequisite: Basic Electronics 3
INOCHE1 General Chemistry 1 for Science Majors (3 units)
INOCHE1 is the first course in general and inorganic chemistry. It develops in the student basic concepts of matter and its classifications; mass relationships in chemical reactions; the properties of gases, liquids, and solids; some concepts of thermochemistry; quantum theory and electronic behavior; periodic relationship of elements in the periodic table; chemical bonding; intramolecular forces; and solutions.
LBYCH14 General Chemistry Laboratory 1 for Science Majors (1 unit)
A course developing basic laboratory skills. It includes experiments and exercises illustrating the concept covered in General Chemistry 1.
INOCHE2 General Chemistry 2 for Science Majors (3 units)
This 3unit course is a continuation of General Chemistry I. It provides the science major the foundation in chemical concepts and principles covering elementary chemical thermodynamics, chemical equilibrium, acidbase theories and applications, reductionoxidation reactions, electrochemistry, and kinetics.
Prerequisite: General Chemistry 1 for Science Majors
LBYCH15 General Chemistry Laboratory 2 for Science Majors (1 unit)
A course including experiments and exercises illustrating the concepts covered in General Chemistry 2. Qualitative analysis of selected groups of cations and anions is also studied.
Prerequisite: General Chemistry Laboratory 1 for Science Majors
Corequisite: General Chemistry 2 for Science Majors
ORCHEM1 Organic Chemistry 1 for Biology (3 units)
A 3unit lecture course covering the basic concepts of organic chemistry, identifying functional groups, isomerism, naming of organic compounds, and physical and chemical properties of alkanes, alkyl halides, alcohols, ethers, thiols and sulfides.
Prerequisite: General Chemistry 2 for Science Majors
LBYCH34 Organic Chemistry Laboratory 1 (1 unit)
A 1unit undergraduate organic chemistry laboratory course covering the determination of physical properties of organic compounds; separation and purification of organic mixtures; and qualitative organic analysis.
Prerequisite: General Chemistry Laboratory 2 for Science Majors
ANALCHE Analytical Chemistry for Biology (3 units)
A course in chemical analysis covering the chemical principles and applications pertaining to titrimetric, gravimetric, and optical analyses.
Prerequisite: General Chemistry 2 for Science Majors
LBYCH22 Analytical Chemistry Laboratory for Biology (1 unit)
A laboratory course developing basic experimental techniques and skills in quantitative analyses including optical methods.
Prerequisite: General Chemistry Laboratory 2 for Science Majors
General Education Courses
ENGLCOM Basic Communication and Study Skills (3 units)
A course that primarily focuses on the development of communicative competence in reading and writing. ENGLONE will use various strategies in academic reading, and the process approach to academic writing. Evaluation will include traditional and nontraditional (portfolio assessment) methods.
ENGLRES Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purpose (3 units)
A course that advances the basic academic reading and writing skills learned in English One. It also enhances the critical thinking skills necessary in conducting research and develop skills required in technical communication of a particular field (Business, Computer Science, Engineering, Liberal Arts, Education, Science.)
Prerequisite: Basic Communication and Study Skills
SPEECOM Oral Communication/ Advance Speech Class (3 units)
An English for Specific Purposes (ESP) course that focuses on the production, delivery and assessment of the following, the impromptu, lecture and /or persuasive speech for individual presentation, and the group/panel discussion for group presentation. The presentation aim at providing firsthand experience in public speaking to develop their selfconfidence and critical thinking.
Prerequisite: Basic Communication and Study Skills
HUMALIT Introduction to Literature (3 units)
The study of literary forms or genres as exemplified by selected literary texts from various countries at different historical periods.
Prerequisite: Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purpose
HUMAART Introduction to Art (3 units)
An introduction to the elements and principles of art (music, dance, architecture, sculpture, painting and film) through a critical examination of the major art works, movements and styles in the Philippines and the world. It is principally a study of arts as processes of the creative imagination in dynamic interaction with its multifaceted worlds.
Prerequisite: Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purpose
SOCTEC1 Science, Technology and Society 1 (3 units)
The course focuses on the interface between science and technology on the one and human society and culture on the other. The course analyzes how science influences and is influenced by prevailing views and attitudes in society about the individual person, human culture and society, and human and social development and progress.
SOCTEC2 Science, Technology and Society 2 (3 units)
The course is about the influence and consequences of science and technology on various aspects of society, such as the environment, the economy, modernization and globalization, social and power relations, and governance.
Prerequisite: Science, Technology and Society 1
FILKOMU Komunikasyon sa Filipinohiya (Basic Communication in Filipino, 3 units)
Gamit ang Wika sa higit na mataas na makrokasanayan sa pagtalakay ng Araling Pilipinas (Philippines Studies) sa pagkilala at pagunawa sa sarili at sa pambansang identidad, kultura at lipunan. Pangkalahatang saklaw ng kurso ang pagtatamo ng bawat lasalliang estudyante ng kompetens sa komunikasyon sa apat na diskors na may kontent ng Filipinolohiya sa larangang akademik.
FILDLAR Pagbasa at Pagsulat sa Iba’tibang Disiplina (Filipino for Specific Purposes, 3units)
Fokus ng kurso ang paglinang ng mga kasanayan sa analitikal at kritikal na pagbasa at pagsulat para sa pangangailangang akademik at komunikasyon pamprofesyonal na nagsasaalangalang sa ibat ibang rejister ng wika. Pagaralan ang mga teknik sa pagsasalin at estratehiya sa pagbasa na lampas sa komprehensyon gamit ang mga genre na nakasulat (maging naririnig, napapanood) na tekstong disiplinal o buhat sa ibat ibang larangan ng gamit ng wikahumanidades, agham panlipunan at komunikasyon, at agham at teknolohiya, at profesyon. Magsisilbing modelo ang mga babasahin sa pagsulat ng mga iskolarling sanaysay at riserts.
Prerequisite: Komunikasyon sa Filipinohiya
KASPIL1 Buhay, mga Sinulat at Nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal (Rizal Studies, 3 units)
Isang kritikal na pagaaral at pagsusuri sa buhay, mga akda at nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal mula pagkabata hanggang sa siya ay itanghal na isang bayani. Tinatalakay din sa kurso ang panahong prekolonyal hanggang sa kolonyalismong Espanyol sa Pilipinas na may diin sa ika19 na dataon na siyang panahong ginalawan ni Dr. Jose Rizal. Ang kurso ay alinsunod sa itanatadhana at diwa ng Batas Rizal (R.A.1425, 1956) na naglalayong matugunan ang pangangailangan ng pangkasalukuyang panahon na mapagtibay ang damdaming makabayan ng mga magaaral.
KASPIL2 Kasaysayan mg Pilipinas (Philippine History, 3 units)
Isang mapamunang pagaaral ng kasaysayan ng Pilipinas at ang kanyang mga institusyong pulitikal, ekonomiko, sosyal at kultural mula sa pagkakatatag ng Unang Republika hanggang sa kasalukuyan ayon sa pananaw ng isang Pilipino. Tinatalakay nito ang pagkabuo, pagunlad at ang mga hinarap na suliranin ng bansang Pilipinas sa bawat yugto ng kasaysayan mula sa pananakop ng mga Amerikano. Sa kursong ito, maipapaalam sa mga magaaral ang prosesong historikal bilang isang disiplina ng agham panlipunan at sa napakahalagang papel nito sa pagunawa at pagbibigay solusyon sa mga isyung kinakaharap ng bansa sa kasalukuyan.
Prerequisite: Buhay, mga Sinulat at Nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal
INTFILO Introduction to Philosophy (3 units)
Philosophy, both as a way of life and an academic discipline, examines and understands the fundamental questions about the world and human life, seeks answers to these questions, and applies the answers to daily living. It also examines the basis upon which beliefs are held, and explodes possible interconnections among various fields of knowledge. This course shall introduce students to the ideas of some of the world’s greatest philosophers, which have shaped the way in which human beings think and live.
TREDONE Humanity’s Search for Life (3 units)
In the Asian context, religion is bound up with the people’s stories about the search for life and salvation. It is at the core of the Asian way of life. As the course looks at the uniqueness of the different religious traditions, the students are led to a critical appreciation of and openness to the truthclaims as expressed in their beliefs, norms, and rituals. This discovery will lead students to a greater interest in interreligious and ecumenical dialogue and to a mature faith.
TREDTWO The Filipino Christian in a Changing World (3 units)
This course will help students to develop as persons in communties of moral discernment. The FilipinoChristian living in a rapidly changing world is confronted with challenges and alternative lifestyles which demand proper discernment, evaluation and decision.
Prerequisite: Humanity’s Search for Life
TREDTRI The Christian and the Word (3 units)
The project aims to develop a manual for the course, The Christian and the Word (TREDTRI), consisting of a student guide and an instructional guide for TREDTRI teachers. The student guide and the instructional guide will indicate the topics, learning objectives, methodology, activities, evaluation, and resournces pertinent to the course.
Prerequisite: The Filipino Christian in a Changing World
TREDFOR The Christian Vocation to Life (3 units)
The search for meaning is inseparable from one’s chosen sate of life. Taking into account insights from relevant disciplines, the course deepens the students’ general understanding of the universal call to holiness of the Reign of God and various responses to it. Moreover, the course prepares then to live in accord with their chosen reponse to God’s call in an authentic and Lasallian Christian manner.
Prerequisite: The Christian and the Word
GREATWK The Great Works (3 units)
The course is designed to center on a theme built around three Great Works from various cultures/disciplines that have exerted influence on the way human beings think about themselves in relation to the world. The course will be taught by a team of three teacherfacilitators who will rotate every four weeks in three classes. Each teacher will facilitate the reading and discussion of one work. Towards the end of the term, the teachers will meet as a team with all the students of the three classes in sessions that will serve to integrate the discussions on the three Great Works. Through the course, students are given a venue to participate in multidisciplinary discourses on how a particular Great Work “reads” or “thinks through” the human problems with new perspectives and paradigms.
FWTEAMS Fitness and Wellness in Team Sports (2 units)
The course aims to provide an opportunity to introduce fundamentals skills of specific team sports and strategies of organized team sports, their history and development, international amateur rules, system of play plus the facts and concepts of cardiorespiratory endurance, body composition, muscolusskeletal fitness like flexibility, muscular strength, endurance and common team sports injuries prevention and rehabilitation.
FWSPORT Fitness and Wellness in Individual/Dual Sports (2 units)
An introductory course designed to familiarize freshman students with basic concepts, principles and practices focusing on the integration of Healthrelated, Performance related Physical Fitness skills, sport specific Skills and Wellness in order to develop and maintain an active lifestyle.
FWDANCE Fitness and Wellness in Dance (2 units)
This course introduces the students to the fundamental step patterns of simple to intricate variations of selected classic dance sport dances, contemporary classic Filipino and Filipino rhythmic dances. It also encourages the students to choreograph variations of their own. Students express their feelings or emotions through movements disciplined by rhythm. Dance etiquette, health and safety in dancing, posture and body mechanics are also included together with other concepts of fitness other than performance and health related fitness.
PERSEF1 Personal Effectiveness 1 (2 units, nonacademic)
The Lasallian Core Curriculum of the DLSUManila aims at developing a whole person who embodies the Lasallian values and demonstrates professional skills as well as personal competencies. This individual is mature in all aspects of his/her person, with a nationalistic and humanistic outlook and carefully reasoned faith. PERSEF1 is a foundational course in the Lasallian Core curriculum, to be taken by all students in their first year. It provides the information and skills that they need in order to adjust to college life. The course covers basic topics in each of the 5 themes of total personal development, designed to complement their academic and spiritual growth. These themes will be further explored in the 2 Personal Effectiveness courses which the students will take in later years.
PERSEF2 Personal Effectiveness 2 (2 units, nonacademic)
PERSEF 2 is a formative course in the Lasallian Core Curriculum, taken by students in their 2nd or 3rd year, before they take their practicum courses. It focuses on their preparation for entry into the world of work. It is based on the theory that career is a developmental process that starts in childhood and goes on through life. One’s career development is thus affected by, and affects, one’s physical, sociopsychological, spiritual and cognitive development. The topics of the various sessions revolve around the same 5 themes of total personal development, which were covered in PERSEF1, but take on a different level with emphasis on career development.
Prerequisite: Personal Effectiveness 1
PERSEF3 Personal Effectiveness 3 (2 units, nonacademic)
PERSEF 3 is an integrative course in the Lasallian Core Curriculum, taken by all students in their final year. It provides them the opportunity to assess their development as individuals and to plan the rest of their lives as Lasallians in the community. It covers topics in the 5 themes of total personal development, taking these to a level of introspection as well as application.
Prerequisite: Personal Effectiveness 2
BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN PHYSICS WITH SPECIALIZATION IN MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION
Description and Aims of the Program
The Bachelor of Science in Physics with specialization in Medical Instrumentation program is an eleventrimester (plus one trimester practicum) program that prepares students for possible careers as medical physicists. The main objective of the program is to produce graduates who by having a solid grounding in physical concepts and principles, and having a basic understanding of radiation therapy, medical imaging and medical instrumentation, will pursue graduate studies to enable them to become practicing medical physicists in the country. It is also the aim of the program to produce researchers who can contribute to the development of new medical instruments.
Graduates of the program can immediately work as associate medical physicists. At the same time, they can readily go to graduate programs in medical physics, preparing themselves for careers as fullfledged medical physicists. Being in a full physics program, graduates of this track are also open to other opportunities available to graduates of BS Physics programs. Since the program already includes a substantial number of Chemistry and Biology courses, it will take only a few more subjects to enable one to take the National Medical Admission Test (NMAT) and proceed to medical school.
Expected Learning Outcomes or Competencies
Critical and Creative Thinker  1. apply mathematical, computational and experimental methods in solving physical problems* 2. able to evaluate quality of information gathered from varied sources 3. capable of translating scientific knowledge and methods into innovations in materials science, medicine, economics and finance 
Effective Communicator  1. synthesize and effectively communicate scientific information* 2. able to express thoughts in a logical, clear, concise, and precise manner 
Reflective Lifelong Learner  1. apply scientific reasoning to arrive at decisions* 2. actively pursue new knowledge, be open to new ideas, and respect other people’s view points 3. pursue personal and professional growth by constantly acquiring new skills and keeping abreast with technological advancement 
Servicedriven Citizen  1. employ scientific skills and knowledge for the improvement of human life and the preservation of the environment 2. uphold intellectual honesty and integrity in their conduct 
*CHED competency standards for BS Physics, (CHED Memo No. 20, Series of 2007, Article IV)
Program Structure
The students spend their first year in preparatory studies, particularly on mathematics. Introductorylevel physics and mathematical methods for physics courses are taken from the second to the sixth trimester of the program, preparing the students for the core physics courses (mechanics, electromagnetism, quantum mechanics and statistical physics), which are taken in the junior and senior years.
Aside from the core physics courses taken in a BS Physics program, the Medical Instrumentation track also has 20 units of Chemistry and Biology, 34 units of medical instrumentation and radiation physics, radiation therapy and nuclear medicine courses, including electronics, computer programming and computational methods.
REQUIRED COURSES WITH COURSE CREDITS
Part I. General Education, Basic and Major Courses
All BS Physics majors, regardless of specialization and minor, take the following courses (general education, basic, major, research, seminar and practicuum):
General Education/La Sallian Core Curriculum  Units 
English  9 
Humanities  6 
Filipino  6 
Science, Technology and Society  6 
Mathematics  6 
Natural Science (Physics Fundamentals)  6 
History and Rizal  6 
Philiosophy  3 
Theology & Religious Education  12 
Fitness & Wellness  6 
Personal Effectiveness  (6) 
Great Works  3 
Civic Welfare Training Service  (6) 
Lasallian Retreat  0 
Total  69(12) 
(Nonacademic courses)
Basics/ Foundational Courses  Units 
Physics Fundamentals  6 
Analysis  12 
Mathematical Methods in Physics  9 
Statistics  3 
Total  30 
Major/ Core Courses  Units 
Classical Mechanics  6 
Electrodynamics  6 
Quantum Mechanics  6 
Statistical Mechanics  3 
Computational Methods in Physics  3 
Solid State Physics  3 
Total  27 
Basic Skills Course  Units 
Computer Programming  6 
Basic Electronics (lecture and lab)  4 
Physics Fundamentals (lab)  4 
Total  14 
Research and Seminar  4 
OntheJobTraining (Practicuum)  3 
Part II. Specialization Courses
BS Physics majors have the option to choose from four tracks, namely Materials Science, Medical Instrumentation, minor in Economics, and minor in Finance. Students, depending on their chosen tracks, take 49 to 54 units of specialization courses. Below is a list of specialization courses for the Medical Instrumentation track.
Materials Instrumentation Specialization  Units 
Radiation Physics (lecture & lab)  7 
Biomedical Instrumentation  3 
Radiation Therapy  6 
Medical Imaging  3 
Physiology  3 
Radiation Biology  3 
Nuclear Medicine  3 
Health Physics  4 
Chemistry and Biochemistry  11 
Electronics (lecture and lab)  8 
Bioethics  3 
Total  54 
PROGRAM COURSE CHECKLISTS
BS Physics minor in Finance
MATH111  College Algebra  3  
MATH112  Trigonometry  3  
LBYPHYX  Physics Laboratory 1 for Physics Majors  2  
FILKOMU  Kuomunikasyon sa Araling Filipino  3  
TREDONE  Humanity’s Search for Life  3  
KASPIL1  Pagaaral sa Buhay, M ga Akda at Nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal  3  
FWTEAMS  Physics Fitness & Wellness in Team Sports  2  
PERSEF1  Personal Effectiveness Foundation  (2)  
Total Units  17+2(2) 
MATH113  Analysis 1  4  MATH111 
PHYFUN1  Physics Fundamentals 1  3  MATH111, MATH112(soft) 
COMPHY1  Computer for Physics 1  3  MATH111, MATH112(soft) 
SOCTEC1  Integrated Social Science, Technoogy & Society 1  3  
ENGLCOM  Basic Communication & Study Skills  3  
FWSPORT  Physical Fitness & Wellness in Individual/Dual Sports  2  
NSTPC1/R1  NSTP Program – Civic Welfare Training Service/ Military Science 1  (3)  
Total Units  16+2(3) 
MATH114  Analysis 2  4  MATH113 
PHYFUN2  Physics Fundamentals 2 (lec)  3  PHYFUN1 
LBYPHY2  Physics Fundamentals 2 (lab)  1  
COMPHY2  Computer for Physics 2  3  COMPHY1 
ENGLRES  Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purposes  3  ENGLCOM 
INTFILO  Introductory Philosophy  3  
NSTPC2/R2  NSTP Program – Civic Welfare Training Service/ M ilitary Science 2  (3)  NSTPC1/R1 
FWDANCE  Physical Fitness & Wellness in Dance  2  
LASARE1  Lasallian Recollection 1  0  
Total Units  17+2(3) 
INOCHE1  Gen. Chemistry 1 (lec)  3  
LBYCHE14  Gen. Chemistry 1 (lab)  1  
MATPHY1  Mathematical Methods in Physics 1  3  MATH114 
MATH115  Analysis 3  3  MATH114 
PHYFUN3  Physics Fundamentals 3 (lec)  3  PHYFUN2 
LBYPHY3  Physics Fundamentals 3 (lab)  1  PHYFUN3, LBYPHYX 
SPEECOM  Oral Communication/Advanced Speech Class  3  ENGLRES 
PERSEF2  Personal Effectiveness 2  (2)  PERSEF1 
LASARE2  Lasallian Recollection 2  0  LASARE1 
Total Units  18(2) 
INOCHE2  Gen. Chemistry 2 (lec)  3  INOCHE1 
LBYCHE15  Gen. Chemistry 2 (lab)  1  LBYCHE14 
MATPHY2  Mathematical Methods in Physics 2  3  MATPHY1 
PHYFUN4  Physics Fundamentals 4  3  PHYFUN3 
BAELEC1  Basic Electronics 1  3  PHYFUN2 
LBYPHYK  Basic Electronics Lab 1  1  LBYPHY2 
COMETPY  Computational Methods in Physics  3  COMPHY2 
Total Units  17 
CHEMBIO  Biochemistry  3  INOCHE2 
STATSCI  Statistics for Science  3  MATH111 
CLASME1  Classical mechanics 1  3  PHYFUN1,MATHPHY1 
RADPHY1  Radiation Physics 1 (lec)  3  PHYFUN3 
LBYPHYP  Radiation Physics 1 (lab)  1  LBYPHY3 
BAELEC2  Basic Electronics 2 (lec)  3  BAELEC1 
LBYPHYL  Basic Electronics 2 (lab)  1  LBYPHYK 
TREDTWO  The Filipino Christian in a Changing World  3  TREDONE 
Total Units  20 
PHYSIO1  Introduction to Physiology  3  CHEMBIO 
MATPHY3  Mathematical Methods in Physics 3  3  MATPHY2,MATH115 
QUMEONE  Quantum Mechanics 1  3  PHYFUN3, MATPHY2 
CLASME2  Classical Mechanics 2  3  CLASME1 
RADIBIO  Radiation Biology  3  RADPHY1 
BAELEC3  Basic Electronics 3  3  BAELEC2 
LBYPHYM  Basic Electronics 3 (lab)  1  LBYPHYL 
Total Units  19 
QUMETWO  Quantum Mechanics 2  3  QUMEONE 
PHYSEMI  Physics Seminar  1  SPEECOM 
RADTHE1  Radiation Therapy 1  3  RADPHY1,RADIBIO 
IMAGMED  Medical Imaging (lec)  2  COMPHY1,PHYSIO1 
LBYPHYT  Medical Imaging (lab)  1  
SENSORI  Sensors, M easurements & Biomedical Instrumentation (lab)  2  
LBYMEE  Sensors, M easurements & Biomedical Instrumentation (lec)  1  
TREDTRI  The Christian and the Word  3  TREDTWO 
Total Units  16 
STATMEC  Statistical Mechanics  3  PHYFUN2,MATPHY2 
ELECMA1  Electricity & Magnetism 1  3  MATPHY1,PHYFUN2 
THYSPHY1  Physics Research 1  1  PHYSEM I 
RADPHY2  Radiation Physics 2  3  RAPHY1 
NUCLMED  Nuclear Medicine  3  RAPHY1 
GRTWORK  Great Works  3  
SOCTEC2  Integrated Social Science, Technology & Society 2  3  
Total Units  19 
ELECMA2  Electricity & Magnetism 2  3  ELECMA1 
SOLSTAT  Solid State Physics  3  STATMEC, QUMEONE 
THYSPHY2  Physics Research 2  1  THYSPHY1 
HEALTHP  Health Physics  4  RADPHY2 
TREDFOR  The Christian Vocation of Life  3  TREDTRI 
HUMALIT  Introduction to Literature  3  
PERSEF3  Personal Effectiveness 3  (2)  PERSEF2 
LASARE3  Lasallian Retreat  0  LASARE2 
Total Units  17(2) 
RADTHE2  Radiation Therapy 2  3  RADTHE1 
THYSPHY3  Physics Research 3  1  THYSPHY2 
FILDLAR  Pagbabasa at Pagsulat sa Iba’t Ibang  3  FILKOMU 
BIOTICS  Bioethics  3  
HUMAART  Art Appreciation  3  
KASPIL2  Kasaysayan ng Pilipinas  3  KASPIL2 
Total Units  16 
MEDPRAC  Medical Practicum  3  
Total Units  3 
TO THE STUDENT: Please take note that subjects should not be enrolled without passing their respective prerequisite. Be reminded that subjects taken without having passed the prerequisite will be INVALIDATED. Subjects without prerequisite can be taken in any term. Please be guided accordingly. Thank you.
Academic Units  201 
NonAcademic Units  12 
Total Units  213 
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
Basic/Foundational Courses
PHYFUN1 Physics Fundamentals 1 (3 units)
Vectors; kinematics; Newton’s Laws; energy; momentum
Prerequisite: College Algebra, Trigonometry
PHYFUN2 Physics Fundamentals 2 (3 units)
Coulomb’s Law; electric field and potential; Gauss’s Law; electric circuits; Ohm’s Law; Kirchhoff’s rules; magnetostatics; magnetic induction
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1
PHYFUN3 Physics Fundamentals 3 (3 units)
Oscillations; mechanical waves; vibrating bodies; acoustics; electromagnetic waves; geometrical and physical optics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1
PHYFUN4 Physics Fundamentals 4 (3 units)
Special Theory of Relativity; modern physics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1
MATH111 College Algebra (3 units)
A course covering the number systems, algebraic functions, relations and graphs, equations, systems of equations, inequalities, and inverse functions.
MATH112 Trigonometry (3 units)
A course including polynomial functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, circular functions, trigonometric identities and equations, complex numbers, law of sines, law of cosines and solution of triangles.
MATH113 Mathematical Analysis 1 (4 units)
A first course in Analysis covering plane analytic geometry, limits and continuity, derivatives of algebraic functions, and their applications.
Prerequisite: College algebra, trigonometry.
MATH114 Mathematical Analysis 2 (4 units)
A continuation of Analysis
1. It covers differentials, indefinite and definite integrals and their applications, derivatives and integrals of logarithmic and exponential functions, trigonometric functions, and techniques of integration.
Prerequisite: Mathematical analysis 1 MATH115
MATH115 Mathematical Analysis 3 (4 units)
A continuation of Analysis 2. It covers polar coordinates, indeterminate forms and improper integrals, infinite sequences and series, 3dimensional space, quadric surfaces, functions of several variables and evaluation of multiple integrals in Cartesian coordinates.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 2
STATSCI Introduction to Statistics 1 (3 units) A course covering descriptive statistics, basic rules of probability, discrete probability distributions, normal distribution, sampling distributions, confidence intervals and tests of hypotheses for means, difference of means and variance, t and chisquare distribution and proportion.
Prerequisite: College Algebra
MATPHY1 Mathematical Methods in Physics 1 (3 units)
Vector analysis covering algebra, differentiation and integration; integral theorems; curvilinear coordinates.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Analysis 2
MATPHY2 Mathematical Methods in Physics 2 (3 units)
A course on ordinary and partial differential equations with emphasis on secondorder differential equations.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Methods in Physics 1
MATPHY3 Mathematical Methods in Physics 3 (3 units)
A course on complex analysis and integral equations. It includes contour integration, calculus of residues and Fourier transform.
Prerequisite: Mathematical Methods in Physics 2
Major/Core Courses
CLASME1 Classical Mechanics 1 (3 units)
Newtonian, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of classical mechanics, applications to central forces and harmonic oscillators
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 1, Mathematical Methods for Physics 1
CLASME2 Classical Mechanics 2 (3 units)
Noninertial frames, rigid bodies, systems of particles, relativistic kinematics and dynamics
Prerequisite: Classical Mechanics 2
ELECMA1 Electricity and Magnetism 1 (3 units)
Electrostatics and magnetostatics in vacuum, boundary value problems, electrodynamics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2, Mathematical Methods for Physics 1
ELECMA2 Electricity and Magnetism 2 (3 units)
Electrostatics and magnetostatics in material media, electromagnetic waves and electromagnetic radiation
Prerequisite: Electricity and Magnetism 1
QUMEONE Quantum Mechanics 1 (3 units)
Postulates of quantum mechanics, the Schrödinger equation and its applications to harmonic oscillators and central forces, operator methods and matrix mechanics
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 3, Mathematical Methods 2
QUMETWO Quantum Mechanics 2 (3 units)
Spin, angular momenta, hydrogen atom, perturbation theory and identical particles
Prerequisite: Quantum Mechanics 1
STATMEC Statistical Mechanics (3 units)
Probability theory; equilibrium statistical mechanics and thermodynamics; kinetic theory; diffusion; phase transformations
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2, Mathematical Methods 2
SOLSTAT SolidState Physics (3 units)
Crystal structures and crystallography; free electron theory of metals; electron states in periodic potentials; band theory of solids; lattice oscillations; fundamentals of electrical, thermal, magnetic and optical properties of metals, dielectrics and semiconductors and polymers; superconductivity
Prerequisite: Statistical Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics
Basic Skills Courses
BAELEC1 Basic Electronics 1 (3 units) + 1 unit laboratory
Introduction to electronics covering basic DC and AC circuit analysis, diode and transistor circuits, logic gates and basic logic operations.
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2, Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 2
COMPHY1 Computer for Physics 1 (3 units)
This course is designed for students in the B.S. Physics program. It provides all programming essentials for constructing simple scientific applications.
Prerequisite: College Algebra
LBYPHYX Physics fundamentals Laboratory 1 (2 units)
This is a first course in physics for physics majors, covering the basic concepts and laws in mechanics in a laboratory setting and activities to develop basic laboratory skills.
LBYPHY2 Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 2 (1 unit)
This course complements the lecture courses on PHYSICS 2 for engineering, science and computer studies students. It covers activities to further develop basic laboratory skills initially practiced in PHYSICS LABORATORY 1. Selected experiments in thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism will be performed.
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 1
Corequisite: Physics Fundamentals 2
LBYPHY3 Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 3 (1 unit)
This laboratory course is designed for College of Science students taking up Fundamentals of Physics 3 (lecture component). The course supplements the topics discussed in the lecture class. Specifically, experiments in waves and optics are performed to provide the student concrete applications of concepts learned in the lecture class.
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals Laboratory 2
Corequisite: Physics Fundamentals 3
Research, Seminar and Practicum
PHYSEMI Physics Seminar (1 unit)
This course enables the students to prepare for their thesis proposal by the 12th week of the trimester. Students enrolled in this subject MUST also be working as apprentices in one of the research groups of the department. Also, this subject enables them to write their thesis proposal. In writing the thesis proposal, the students get a feel of the requirements of the study they will undertake along with its theoretical background. This course also aims to develop the following Lasallian characteristics: critical and logical thinking, resourcefulness and innovativeness, perseverance and selfdiscipline.
Prerequisite: Oral Communication/ Advanced Speech Class
THSPHY1 Physics Research 1 (1 unit)
The first thesis course for physics majors. The major requirement for the course is the presentation of a thesis proposal.
Prerequisite: Physics Seminar
THSPHY2 Physics Research 2 (1 unit)
The second thesis course for physics majors where students are expected to conduct the greater part of their thesis research.
Prerequisite: Physics Research 1
THSPHY3 Physics Research (1 unit)
The third and last thesis course for physics majors. Students are expected to finalize their thesis research and present the work to a panel of examiners.
Prerequisite: Physics Research
PRCPHYS Practicum for Physics Students (3 units)
A practicum course for Physics students.
Specialization Courses for Materials Science Track
Specialization Courses for Minor in Economics and Finance
CHEMBIO Engineering Biochemistry (3 units)
This course is designed to introduce the major aspects of biochemistry in relation to the field of biomedical engineering. The course gives emphasis on the structure and dynamics of cellular components; enzymes mechanisms and kinetics; intermediary metabolism and its metabolic pathways. In addition, introduction to some aspects of molecular biology important to cellular components are also explored. Lastly, the engineering concepts discussed are linked to the human scale in order to better understand how cellular and molecular phenomena provide functionality within the broader organization of organs and body function.
HEALTHP Health Physics (4 units)
Prerequisite: Radiation Physics 2
IMAGMED Medical Imaging Systems (2 units)
This course is a study of the basic concepts of medical imaging. Introductory course on medical imaging aims to provide the students knowledge on different types of medical imaging devices, their sources and their general applications in medicine and biology. It includes radioactivity, photon and charged particle interaction in matter, xray production and quality.
LBYPHYT Laboratory for Medical Imaging Systems (1 unit)
This course is designed as a complimentary laboratory course for IMAGMED or IMAGSYS. It supplements the topics discussed in the lecture class. Specifically, experiments in X ray Film Analysis, ultrasound, and image processing will be performed to provide the students with the concrete applications of concepts learned in the lecture class.
Corequisite: Medical Imaging Systems
NUCLMED Nuclear Medicine (3 units)
Prerequisite: Radiation Physics 1
PHYSIO1 Introduction to Physiology (3 units)
PHYSIO1 is an introductory course in human anatomy and physiology. It provides the students with information on the basic unit of life progressing to the different organ systems of the body. Parts of the human body are first discussed leading to the specific functions of each. This lays the foundation for engineering applications related to the medical field.
Soft Prerequisite: Biochemistry
RADPHY1 Radiation Physics 1 (3 units lecture + 1 unit lab)
An introductory course on radiation physics aimed at providing a working background on the different types of radiation, their sources and detection and their general application in medicine and biology. Topics include different interactions of radiation with matter, various sources of radiation(manmade and natural), nuclear reactions and radioisotope production, neutron sources, nuclear reactors and particle accelerators in and their general application in medicine and biology.
Prerequisite: Physics Fundamentals 3
RADPHY2 Radiation Physics 2 (3 units)
This course focuses on the various methods of radiation detection and dosimetric principles. This includes radiation detection using ionization chambers, scintillation detectors, and semiconductor detectors among others.
Prerequisite: Radiation Physics 1
SENSORI Sensors, Measurements & Biomedical Instrumentation (2 units + 1 unit lab)
RADIBIO Radiation Biology (3 units)
An introduction to the principles and concepts underlying the effects of ionizing radiation at the molecular, cellular and wholetissue level. Topics include radiation damage to DNA, DNA damage repair mechanisms, cellcycle kinetics (repopulation effects), Linear Energy Transfer (LET) effects, oxygen effects, the Four R’s of radiation therapy, genomic instability, neoplastic transformation, apoptosis, and cancer. The course also covers examples and discussions related to radiation therapy treatment planning, including the biologically equivalent dose (BED) and equivalent uniform dose (EUD) concepts; and the human health effects relevant to radiation protection.
Prerequisite: Radiation Physics 1
RADTHE1 Radiation Therapy 1 (3 units)
The first of two courses in radiation theraphy. This course covers topics on radiotheraphy machines – their components and principles of operations, the various properties and mechanisms of xray and electron interaction with matter and the dosimetry of therapeutic xrays.
Prerequisite: Radiation Physics 1, Radiation Biology
RADTHE2 Radiation Therapy 2 (3 units)
This is the second of two radiation therapy courses. Topics covered by this course include linear accelerator beam properties, shielding, quality assurance, treatment planning, mathematical modeling in radiotherapy and introductory concepts about brachytherapy and radiosurgery.
Prerequisite: Radiation Therapy 2
INOCHE1 General Chemistry 1 for Science Majors (3 units)
INOCHE1 is the first course in general and inorganic chemistry. It develops in the student basic concepts of matter and its classifications; mass relationships in chemical reactions; the properties of gases, liquids, and solids; some concepts of thermochemistry; quantum theory and electronic behavior; periodic relationship of elements in the periodic table; chemical bonding; intramolecular forces; and solutions.
LBYCH14 General Chemistry Laboratory 1 for Science Majors (1 unit)
A course developing basic laboratory skills. It includes experiments and exercises illustrating the concept covered in General Chemistry 1.
INOCHE2 General Chemistry 2 for Science Majors (3 units)
This 3unit course is a continuation of General Chemistry I. It provides the science major the foundation in chemical concepts and principles covering elementary chemical thermodynamics, chemical equilibrium, acidbase theories and applications, reductionoxidation reactions, electrochemistry, and kinetics.
Prerequisite: General Chemistry 1 for Science Majors
LBYCH15 General Chemistry Laboratory 2 for Science Majors (1 unit)
A course including experiments and exercises illustrating the concepts covered in General Chemistry 2. Qualitative analysis of selected groups of cations and anions is also studied.
Prerequisite: General Chemistry Laboratory 1 for Science Majors
Corequisite: General Chemistry 2 for Science Majors
BAELEC2 Basic Electronics 2 (3 untis)
An integrated course in basic electronics, covering network theorems, amplifiers, opamps, combinational logic, synchronous sequential logic.
Prerequisite: Basic Electronics 1
LBYPHYL Basic Electronics Laboratory 2 (1 unit)
A laboratory course to complement BAELEC2 covering amplifier and digital circuits.
Prerequisite: Basic Electronics Laboratory 1
Corequisite: Basic Electronics 2
BAELEC3 Basic Elecronics 3 (3 units)
An integrated course in basic electronics, covering Fourier transforms, Laplace transforms, registers, counters, memory units, algorithmic state machines, asynchronous logic, and interfacing.
Prerequisite: Basic Electronics 2
LBYPHYM Basic Electronics Laboratory 3 (1 unit)
A laboratory course to complement BAELEC3 emphasizing microcontroller programming and computer interfacing.
Prerequisite: Basic Electronics Laboratory 2
Corequisite: Basic Electronics 3
BIOTICS Bioethics (3 units)
This course offers a broad and basic understanding of bioethics. It deals with the ethical issues that have resulted from modern biomedical technology, e.g., patients’ rights, genetic engineering.
General Education Courses
ENGLCOM Basic Communication and Study Skills (3 units)
A course that primarily focuses on the development of communicative competence in reading and writing. ENGLONE will use various strategies in academic reading, and the process approach to academic writing. Evaluation will include traditional and nontraditional (portfolio assessment) methods.
ENGLRES Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purpose (3 units)
A course that advances the basic academic reading and writing skills learned in English One. It also enhances the critical thinking skills necessary in conducting research and develop skills required in technical communication of a particular field (Business, Computer Science, Engineering, Liberal Arts, Education, Science.)
Prerequisite: Basic Communication and Study Skills
SPEECOM Oral Communication/ Advance Speech Class (3 units)
An English for Specific Purposes (ESP) course that focuses on the production, delivery and assessment of the following, the impromptu, lecture and /or persuasive speech for individual presentation, and the group/panel discussion for group presentation. The presentation aim at providing firsthand experience in public speaking to develop their selfconfidence and critical thinking.
Prerequisite: Basic Communication and Study Skills
HUMALIT Introduction to Literature (3 units)
The study of literary forms or genres as exemplified by selected literary texts from various countries at different historical periods.
Prerequisite: Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purpose
HUMAART Introduction to Art (3 units)
An introduction to the elements and principles of art (music, dance, architecture, sculpture, painting and film) through a critical examination of the major art works, movements and styles in the Philippines and the world. It is principally a study of arts as processes of the creative imagination in dynamic interaction with its multifaceted worlds.
Prerequisite: Basic Research Skills/ English for Specific Purpose
SOCTEC1 Science, Technology and Society 1 (3 units)
The course focuses on the interface between science and technology on the one and human society and culture on the other. The course analyzes how science influences and is influenced by prevailing views and attitudes in society about the individual person, human culture and society, and human and social development and progress.
SOCTEC2 Science, Technology and Society 2 (3 units)
The course is about the influence and consequences of science and technology on various aspects of society, such as the environment, the economy, modernization and globalization, social and power relations, and governance.
Prerequisite: Science, Technology and Society 1
FILKOMU Komunikasyon sa Filipinohiya (Basic Communication in Filipino, 3 units)
Gamit ang Wika sa higit na mataas na makrokasanayan sa pagtalakay ng Araling Pilipinas (Philippines Studies) sa pagkilala at pagunawa sa sarili at sa pambansang identidad, kultura at lipunan. Pangkalahatang saklaw ng kurso ang pagtatamo ng bawat lasalliang estudyante ng kompetens sa komunikasyon sa apat na diskors na may kontent ng Filipinolohiya sa larangang akademik.
FILDLAR Pagbasa at Pagsulat sa Iba’tibang Disiplina (Filipino for Specific Purposes, 3units)
Fokus ng kurso ang paglinang ng mga kasanayan sa analitikal at kritikal na pagbasa at pagsulat para sa pangangailangang akademik at komunikasyon pamprofesyonal na nagsasaalangalang sa ibat ibang rejister ng wika. Pagaralan ang mga teknik sa pagsasalin at estratehiya sa pagbasa na lampas sa komprehensyon gamit ang mga genre na nakasulat (maging naririnig, napapanood) na tekstong disiplinal o buhat sa ibat ibang larangan ng gamit ng wikahumanidades, agham panlipunan at komunikasyon, at agham at teknolohiya, at profesyon. Magsisilbing modelo ang mga babasahin sa pagsulat ng mga iskolarling sanaysay at riserts.
Prerequisite: Komunikasyon sa Filipinohiya
KASPIL1 Buhay, mga Sinulat at Nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal (Rizal Studies, 3 units)
Isang kritikal na pagaaral at pagsusuri sa buhay, mga akda at nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal mula pagkabata hanggang sa siya ay itanghal na isang bayani. Tinatalakay din sa kurso ang panahong prekolonyal hanggang sa kolonyalismong Espanyol sa Pilipinas na may diin sa ika19 na dataon na siyang panahong ginalawan ni Dr. Jose Rizal. Ang kurso ay alinsunod sa itanatadhana at diwa ng Batas Rizal (R.A.1425, 1956) na naglalayong matugunan ang pangangailangan ng pangkasalukuyang panahon na mapagtibay ang damdaming makabayan ng mga magaaral.
KASPIL2 Kasaysayan mg Pilipinas (Philippine History, 3 units)
Isang mapamunang pagaaral ng kasaysayan ng Pilipinas at ang kanyang mga institusyong pulitikal, ekonomiko, sosyal at kultural mula sa pagkakatatag ng Unang Republika hanggang sa kasalukuyan ayon sa pananaw ng isang Pilipino. Tinatalakay nito ang pagkabuo, pagunlad at ang mga hinarap na suliranin ng bansang Pilipinas sa bawat yugto ng kasaysayan mula sa pananakop ng mga Amerikano. Sa kursong ito, maipapaalam sa mga magaaral ang prosesong historikal bilang isang disiplina ng agham panlipunan at sa napakahalagang papel nito sa pagunawa at pagbibigay solusyon sa mga isyung kinakaharap ng bansa sa kasalukuyan.
Prerequisite: Buhay, mga Sinulat at Nagawa ni Dr. Jose Rizal
INTFILO Introduction to Philosophy (3 units)
Philosophy, both as a way of life and an academic discipline, examines and understands the fundamental questions about the world and human life, seeks answers to these questions, and applies the answers to daily living. It also examines the basis upon which beliefs are held, and explodes possible interconnections among various fields of knowledge. This course shall introduce students to the ideas of some of the world’s greatest philosophers, which have shaped the way in which human beings think and live.
TREDONE Humanity’s Search for Life (3 units)
In the Asian context, religion is bound up with the people’s stories about the search for life and salvation. It is at the core of the Asian way of life. As the course looks at the uniqueness of the different religious traditions, the students are led to a critical appreciation of and openness to the truthclaims as expressed in their beliefs, norms, and rituals. This discovery will lead students to a greater interest in interreligious and ecumenical dialogue and to a mature faith.
TREDTWO The Filipino Christian in a Changing World (3 units)
This course will help students to develop as persons in communties of moral discernment. The FilipinoChristian living in a rapidly changing world is confronted with challenges and alternative lifestyles which demand proper discernment, evaluation and decision.
Prerequisite: Humanity’s Search for Life
TREDTRI The Christian and the Word (3 units)
The project aims to develop a manual for the course, The Christian and the Word (TREDTRI), consisting of a student guide and an instructional guide for TREDTRI teachers. The student guide and the instructional guide will indicate the topics, learning objectives, methodology, activities, evaluation, and resournces pertinent to the course.
Prerequisite: The Filipino Christian in a Changing World
TREDFOR The Christian Vocation to Life (3 units)
The search for meaning is inseparable from one’s chosen sate of life. Taking into account insights from relevant disciplines, the course deepens the students’ general understanding of the universal call to holiness of the Reign of God and various responses to it. Moreover, the course prepares then to live in accord with their chosen reponse to God’s call in an authentic and Lasallian Christian manner.
Prerequisite: The Christian and the Word
GREATWK The Great Works (3 units)
The course is designed to center on a theme built around three Great Works from various cultures/disciplines that have exerted influence on the way human beings think about themselves in relation to the world. The course will be taught by a team of three teacherfacilitators who will rotate every four weeks in three classes. Each teacher will facilitate the reading and discussion of one work. Towards the end of the term, the teachers will meet as a team with all the students of the three classes in sessions that will serve to integrate the discussions on the three Great Works. Through the course, students are given a venue to participate in multidisciplinary discourses on how a particular Great Work “reads” or “thinks through” the human problems with new perspectives and paradigms.
FWTEAMS Fitness and Wellness in Team Sports (2 units)
The course aims to provide an opportunity to introduce fundamentals skills of specific team sports and strategies of organized team sports, their history and development, international amateur rules, system of play plus the facts and concepts of cardiorespiratory endurance, body composition, muscolusskeletal fitness like flexibility, muscular strength, endurance and common team sports injuries prevention and rehabilitation.
FWSPORT Fitness and Wellness in Individual/Dual Sports (2 units)
An introductory course designed to familiarize freshman students with basic concepts, principles and practices focusing on the integration of Healthrelated, Performance related Physical Fitness skills, sport specific Skills and Wellness in order to develop and maintain an active lifestyle.
FWDANCE Fitness and Wellness in Dance (2 units)
This course introduces the students to the fundamental step patterns of simple to intricate variations of selected classic dance sport dances, contemporary classic Filipino and Filipino rhythmic dances. It also encourages the students to choreograph variations of their own. Students express their feelings or emotions through movements disciplined by rhythm. Dance etiquette, health and safety in dancing, posture and body mechanics are also included together with other concepts of fitness other than performance and health related fitness.
PERSEF1 Personal Effectiveness 1 (2 units, nonacademic)
The Lasallian Core Curriculum of the DLSUManila aims at developing a whole person who embodies the Lasallian values and demonstrates professional skills as well as personal competencies. This individual is mature in all aspects of his/her person, with a nationalistic and humanistic outlook and carefully reasoned faith. PERSEF1 is a foundational course in the Lasallian Core curriculum, to be taken by all students in their first year. It provides the information and skills that they need in order to adjust to college life. The course covers basic topics in each of the 5 themes of total personal development, designed to complement their academic and spiritual growth. These themes will be further explored in the 2 Personal Effectiveness courses which the students will take in later years.
PERSEF2 Personal Effectiveness 2 (2 units, nonacademic)
PERSEF 2 is a formative course in the Lasallian Core Curriculum, taken by students in their 2nd or 3rd year, before they take their practicum courses. It focuses on their preparation for entry into the world of work. It is based on the theory that career is a developmental process that starts in childhood and goes on through life. One’s career development is thus affected by, and affects, one’s physical, sociopsychological, spiritual and cognitive development. The topics of the various sessions revolve around the same 5 themes of total personal development, which were covered in PERSEF1, but take on a different level with emphasis on career development.
Prerequisite: Personal Effectiveness 1
PERSEF3 Personal Effectiveness 3 (2 units, nonacademic)
PERSEF 3 is an integrative course in the Lasallian Core Curriculum, taken by all students in their final year. It provides them the opportunity to assess their development as individuals and to plan the rest of their lives as Lasallians in the community. It covers topics in the 5 themes of total personal development, taking these to a level of introspection as well as application.
Prerequisite: Personal Effectiveness 2
Bachelor of Science in Premed Physics
Degree Codes: Program BPMPH Plan BPMPH
People pursuing a career in medicine often take BS Biology as their premed course. This is however, not the only path available for future physicians. As advance in knowledge become increasingly multidisciplinary in nature, a preparation other than the usual offers different perspectives that often result in new and better ways of doing things. The BS Premed Physic program is a ninetrimester premed program, satisfying all requirements for a premed course, thus enabling graduates to proceed to medical school right away after passing the National Medical Admission Test (NMAT).
The program offers a different perspective to preparation for medical school by concentrating on the applications of physics in medicine. It is hoped that the graduates of the program will become technologicallyadept and technicallyoriented physicians, traits that are increasingly useful in the modern practice of medicine. Being in a trimestral program allows you to shorten the preparation for medicine by one year.
BS PREMED PHYSICS Core and Specialization Courses
Physics Courses  Thermodynamics, Fluids, Elasticity 
Waves and Optics  
Modern Physics  
Computer Programming for Physics  
Basic Electronics  
Specialization Courses  Radiation Physics 
Radiation Biology  
Nuclear Medicine  
Radiation Therapy  
Medical Imaging  
Health Physics  
Biology Courses  Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 
Vertebrate Embryology  
Fundamental of Physiollogy  
Cell Biology  
Microbiology  
Chemistry Courses  Organic Chemistry 
Biochemistry  
Analytical Chemistry  
Foundational Courses  Mechanics, Electricity & Magnetism 
Zoology and Botany  
Inorganic Chemistry 
Course Descriptions
Radiation Physics (Lecture and Laboratory)
An introductory course on radiation physics aimed at providing a working background on the different types of radiation, their sources and detection and their general application in medicine and biology. Topics include different interactions of radiation with matter, various sources of radiation (manmade and natural), nuclear reactions and radioisotope production, neutron sources, nuclear reactors and particle accelerators in and their general application in medicine and biology.
Radiation Biology
Includes fundamental scientific concepts that tackle the negative implications brought about by radiation technology, and the effective means of preventing and minimizing those risks, particularly in industrial and medical settings. Essentially, topics that cover the standard radiation safety schemes will be discussed to provide the students with the knowledge of radiation protection.
Nuclear Medicine
An introductory course that will provide undergraduate physics majors with basic fundamentals in nuclear medicine, including radiopharmaceuticals; nuclear medicine imaging such as gamma camera, thyroid and bone scintigraphy, PET; nuclear medicine therapy such as radionuclide therapy, radioimmunotherapy, invivo and invitro studies.
Medical Imaging (Lecture & Laboratory)
Introductory course on medical imaging which aims to provide students with knowledge on different types of medical imaging devices, their sources and their general applications in medicine and biology. It includes radioactivity, photon and charged particle interaction in matter, xray production and quality.
Radiation Therapy
The first of two courses in radiation theraphy. This course covers topics on radiotheraphy machines – their components and principles of operations, the various properties and mechanisms of xray and electron interaction with matter and the dosimetry of therapeutic xrays.