Doctor of Philosophy in Philosophy (Ladderized)
The Doctor of Philosophy in Philosophy Ladderized Program is designed for students who have finished a bachelor’s degree in philosophy or in any other field and would like to pursue a master’s degree and a doctoral degree both in philosophy in a continuous and integrated manner. Among others, this allows the students to pursue both degrees with sustained focus. Accordingly, in the course of satisfying the requirements for the doctoral degree, a master’s degree in philosophy called Master in Philosophical Research (MPR) is awarded to students after finishing 24 units of academic courses and passing comprehensive examinations in three areas of study. Though non-thesis, the MPR, however, gives special attention to the development of the student’s research skills necessary for writing quality philosophical articles and eventually a dissertation.
Academic Courses (See Appendix for Description of Courses)
Philosophical Research (required), Philosophy of Language, Phenomenology and Existentialism, Philosophy of Mind, Postmodernism, Philosophy of Science, Filipino Philosophy, Eastern Philosophy (Or: Buddhist/Chinese/Indian Philosophy), Philosophical Problems
Analytic Philosophy, Continental Philosophy, Hermeneutics, Symbolic Logic, Ethics, Feminist Philosophy, Metaphysics, Epistemology, Social and Political Philosophy, Aesthetics.
Philosophy of Education, Philosophy of History, Process Philosophy, Critical Theory, Marxist Humanism, Classical Eastern Philosophy, Philosophy of Technology, Comparative East-West Philosophy, Metaethics, Philosophy of the Unconscious, Structuralism/Post-Structuralism, Philosophy of Action, Buddhist Philosophy, Chinese Philosophy, Indian Philosophy, Special Topics 1, 2, & 3, Individual Philosopher 1, 2, & 3
Foreign Language Requirement
Any one foreign language (except English) that is suitable for the topic of one’s dissertation. The credit units for the courses taken should amount to 6 (or its equivalent of 84 hrs. of instruction) and should be completed with passing grades.
Course Repetition and Completion
A grade below 2.5 for courses taken under the doctoral programs would require repetition of such courses. A grade of “Incomplete” or “Deferred” incurred in a term automatically becomes a “W” (Withdrawn) if not completed within the succeeding term, and its highest possible completion grade is 3.5.
Full and partial scholarships are available through the Office of Admissions and Scholarships (OAS).
- For the Ph.D. in Philosophy Ladderized Programs, the applicant must have a bachelor’s degree in philosophy or in any other field. If the latter, the applicant, in his/her first term of enrollment, will be required to enroll in one or two refresher courses to be determined by the Graduate Program Coordinator or the Chair of the Philosophy Department.
- A letter of application and two letters of recommendation from former professors or present employers.
- Passing a qualifying examination.
- An interview with the Graduate Program Coordinator or the Chair of the Philosophy Department.
Ph.D. in Philosophy (Ladderized Program)
- 48 units of academic courses (at least 15 units of basic and 12 units of major courses)
- 6 units of foreign language study
- Comprehensive examinations in eight areas of study (at least four basic and two major courses; inclusive of the comprehensive examinations taken for the MPR)
- Dissertation (12 units)
The Master in Philosophical Research (MPR) degree is awarded to doctoral students under the ladderized program who have finished 24 units of academic courses and have passed comprehensive examinations in three areas of study.
APPENDIX: DESCRIPTIONS OF THE ACADEMIC COURSES
A. BASIC COURSES
This is a research course where the student is trained to use proper documentation, that is the proper use of parenthetical references (PR) and reference lists (RL). The parts of a paper or book or thesis are discussed. Students are trained how to use the library, how to write a book review, and related matters. In particular, they are trained to write an Introduction, a Theoretical or Conceptual Framework, and a Review of Related Literature.
Philosophy of Mind
A study of modern and contemporary trends in the philosophy of mind among European and Anglo-American thinkers.
Phenomenology and Existentialism
A thorough study of the views of Brentano and Husserl on the project of phenomenology and how existentialist philosophers such as Sartre, Heidegger, and Merleau-Ponty react to such views.
Philosophy of Language
A critical study of the nature of language, meaning and communication, including the theories of Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Chomsky, Austin, Searle, and others. Open to students of Linguistics and Languages.
An examination of a contemporary movement called postmodernism in terms of its philosophical and cultural roots, claims, scope and influences, and critical reactions to certain dominant ways of thinking that have characterized modernist thought, such as those described by Derrida as “logocentric,” as expressed in various areas that include literature, art, architecture, film, and philosophy.
Philosophy of Science
A critical study of the philosophical problems related to science, including what the laws of nature are, causality, explanation, theories, models, the ontological status of theoretical entities, induction, probabilities, value judgment in science, and others.
A thorough and holistic approach to philosophies traditionally classified as Eastern which include Buddhist Philosophy, Indian Philosophy, Chinese Philosophy, and Islamic philosophy.
An in-depth review and analysis of available philosophical writings by Filipinos: cultural, traditional, and constitutional/national approaches to Filipino philosophy.
B. MAJOR COURSES
A critical study of the works of analytic philosophers from Bertrand Russell and G. E. Moore to the present.
An introductory course on continental philosophy with emphasis on the philosophers of existentialism, phenomenology, hermeneutics, and postmodernism.
An in-depth study of hermeneutics as culled from the writings of Dilthey, Gadamer, Ricoueur, Derrida et al.
Advanced Symbolic Logic
A survey of recent trends approaches in the study of modern (symbolic/mathematical) logic or of modern methods and principles used in distinguishing good (correct) from bad (incorrect) reasoning.
A in-depth study of the classical and contemporary theories in moral philosophy covering both normative ethics and meta-ethics.
A critical examination of feminist perspectives on traditional philosophical methods or ways of doing philosophy in the areas of ethics, social philosophy, philosophy of science, and epistemology, among others, as advanced by the movement’s leading figures which include de Beauvoir, Kristeva, Gilligan, Smith, Collins, and Harding.
A rigorious and formal analysis of the basic assumptions of classical methaphysical and their expressions in the history of philosophy, as well as their consequences for modern science and philosophy.
A critical in-depth discussion of the most significant theories of knowledge, including both the continental, pragmatic, and analytic traditions.
Social and Political Philosophy
An analytical study of the various theories on social justice as advanced by the Social Contractarians (Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau), Marx, Rawls, Nozick, Dworkin, and others.
Philosophy of History
A study of philosophies of history by ancient Greeks and Romans, Augustine, Vico, Volataire, Bossuet, Nietzsche, Dilthey, Hegel, Marx, Schleiermacher, von Herder, Croce, Collingwood, Popper, Spengler, Dondeyn, Ricoeur, et al.open to students of History.
Introduction to Philosophy
A panoramic holistic survey of the divisions of philosophy with emphasis on the basic concepts and ideas of philosophy. The latest edition (15th ed) of the Encyclopedia Britannica listed seventeen (17) divisions of philosophy. This Introduction may include Filipino Philosophy and other Asian philosophies. This course is summarize courses in philosophy.
Philosophy of Education
A critical survey of the philosophies of various education thinkers from the Sophists to the present day but with emphasis on contemporary thinkers.
A study of the philosophies of Heraclitus, Whitehead, Hick, and Hartshorne, among others
An in-depth study of the presuppositions and development of the fundamental views and claims of the philosophical movement called critical theory as put forward and argued for by its key figures (Habermas, Marcuse, Horkheimer, Adorno, et al.)
An in-depth study of Marx’s theory of alienation as expounded in his work Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts and as analyzed and developed by other thinkers like Lukacs, Fromm, Marcuse, and Sartre, among others.
Advanced Aesthetics/Philosophy of Art
A critical examination of classical and contemporary theories that seek to explain the nature of beauty and art.
Asian/ Eastern Philosophy
An in-depth study of the major works of Confucius, Lao Tzu, Buddha, Hindu philosophers, and others.
Comparative East-West Philosophy
A comparative and dialogical analysis of Eastern and Western philosophical currents.
A study of contemporary analytic moral theories especially on moral discourse (referential theory, verificationist theory, causal theory, and meaning-as-use theory); the intuitionism of Moore, Pritchard, and Ross; the rejection of nonnaturalism; the emotivism of Stevenson; the prescriptivism of Hare; the descriptivism of Searle; and compatibility of freedom and determinism theory.
Philosophy of the Unconscious
A critical and reflective examination of the various philosophical views concerning the existence and nature of the unconscious, as well as the philosophical issues that it gives rise to.
Philosophy of Technology
A critical examination of the philosophical views concerning the nature of technology and its effects on society from the classic contrast in the views of Dewey and Heidegger to the contemporary approaches of Baudrillard, Borgmann, Feenberg, and Haraway, among others
A study of the philosophy of methods of structuralism and poststructuralism. This will explore the ideas of Claude Levi-Strauss, Noam Chomsky, Jacques Lacan, Roland Barthes, Louis Althusser, Michel Foucalt, Jacques Derrida, and others.
A thorough study of the origin, basic teachings, and various branches of Buddhism
An in-depth study of the philosophies of Confucius, Mencius, LaoTzu, Han FeiTzu, Mo Tzu et al.
An in-depth study of Indian though contained in the Vedas, Upanishads, Ramayana and Mahabharata, and Buddhist writings.
Any Individual Philosopher
An in-depth study of the seminal works of any individual philosopher.
Seminar in (any philosophical topic)
A critical analysis of the competing philosophical positions on a specific philosophical controversy
D. BRIDGING COURSES
Introduction to Philosophy for non-philosophy Majors
This course is a remedial course for non-philosophy majors who are taking up graduate studies in philosophy. It should provide a background of the study of philosophy and equip students with basic knowledge in undertaking its study. This course will introduce students to some of the main areas of research in contemporary philosophy such as epistemology, philosophy of science, philosophy of mind, moral philosophy and others. Topics included: understanding what philosophy is, its characteristics, aims and methods, and how it differs from other subjects. This course is an introductory overview of several different areas of philosophy.