DLSU–Angelo King Institute
St. La Salle Hall,
2401 Taft Avenue
1004 Manila

Angelo King International Center
Corner Arellano Avenue and Estrada Street
1004 Manila

+63–2–5244611 loc. 287


Call for Papers

AKI-CBMS Call for Papers on
Youth Employment and Entrepreneurship and
Providing Social Protection in the Informal Sector

The Partnership for Economic Policy (PEP) Asia-Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Network Office of the De La Salle University- Angelo King Institute for Economic and Business Studies is currently undertaking a global research initiative examining two thematic issues in the context of inclusive growth using the CBMS methodology.  The research themes are social protection for the informal sector (SPIS), and youth employment and entrepreneurship (YEE). These studies are currently being undertaken under the PEP-PAGE Program being supported by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC)-Canada and the UK Department for International Development.  Studies on YEE are currently being conducted in Argentina, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya, Philippines, Tanzania and South Africa while studies on social protection in the informal sector are being done in Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Haiti, Niger, Philippines and Togo.

Among the expected outputs of the initiative is the publication of a book and a set of country policy briefs that will contain the key findings and policy recommendations of the studies conducted in the different CBMS country project sites.  The book will be launched and disseminated in a policy forum to be held in June 2016.

Status of the Study in the Philippines

The CBMS Network Coordinating Team of DLSU AKI is taking the lead in the conduct of the research study in the Philippines. In particular, the study being undertaken by the CBMS Network Team focuses on analyzing the following research questions:

Youth Employment and Entrepreneurship

  1. What is the extent of unemployment among the youth?
  2. What are the main obstacles that the youth face in finding a job?
  3. What is the extent of job-education mismatch among the employed youth?
  4. What are the types of programs that facilitate youth employment and entrepreneurship?
  5. What are the characteristics of young entrepreneurs and the types of their entrepreneurial activities?
  6. What are the facilitating factors and barriers to engage in entrepreneurship among the youth?
  7. What are the facilitating factors and barriers for expansion of entrepreneurial activities among the youth?


Social Protection in the Informal Sector

  1. What do latest data show about trends and quality of employment?
  2. What are the characteristics of male and female workers in informal employment?
  3. How many male and female employed workers are covered by social protection?
  4. How do we measure social protection in the informal sector?
  5. What are the nature/ extent of poverty among households/ population engaged in the informal sector?
  6. What are the different types of shock/s that affect the informal sector?
  7. What are the types of social protection programs that cover the informal sectors?
  8. Who among the informal sector workers were able to access the social assistance programs by the government or private sectors?
  9. What is the extent of eligibility of workers in the informal sector for available social protection programs?
  10. How much are the workers in the informal sector willing to pay for access the social protection programs which are important to them?
  11. What are the barriers to access social protection of workers in the informal employment?
  12. What is the appropriate econometric model for social protection benefits?


The study will use data generated from the CBMS core household profile questionnaire. In addition, a rider questionnaire designed specifically to capture additional information relating to unemployment spells, social protection and entrepreneurship was developed by the CBMS Network Team. Said rider questionnaire was deployed in selected CBMS sites in the country together with the standard CBMS core questionnaire.

Data collection is currently being carried out in selected CBMS sites in partnership with the De La Salle Philippines (DLSP) and partner De La Salle Schools, and the Local Government of Marikina.

In the case of the collaboration with DLSP, focal persons from the DLSP and partner DLS Schools have been trained by the CBMS Network Coordinating Team in the conduct and implementation of the CBMS Accelerated Poverty Profiling (APP) as part of their GIS Service Learning Initiative and Community Mission Programs in their project sites. DLSP wants to use the data in order to identify the needs of their community partners and enable them to respond in terms of their continuing programs and design of more appropriate programs. Part of the data that will be generated from the conduct of CBMS in these sites would serve as inputs in the conduct of the studies of the CBMS Network on social protection in the informal sector and on youth employment and entrepreneurship.

As of date, the status of data collection in DLSP assisted CBMS sites are as follows:




Partner Community/ies

Target Number of households



DLSU Manila


Brgy717, 707 (Malate area)




DLS-College of St. Benilde

Brgy. 705, 731 (Malate area), 746 (Sta. Ana area)






Brgy. Bulaklakin, Lipa City


completed data collection




5 brgys in Guiuan

Not submitted yet**

Training to start this week


USLS Bacolod


Brgy. Dulao, Poblacion and Sampinit, Bago City




LSU Ozamiz


Brgy. Gala, Ozamiz City




DLS-Dasma/De La Salle Health Sciences Institute


 Not started yet



*Based on data submitted to the CBMS Portal
**Based on status report submitted through DLSP

Aside from the conduct of the household and key informant survey using the standard CBMS core census questionnaire and the SPIS-YEE rider survey questionnaire, focus group discussions will also be organized to gather additional qualitative information from selected respondents and key informants from the project sites.

There are two versions of the SPIS-YEE rider survey questionnaire. The 1st version contains modules on unemployment spells, more detailed employment characteristics, shocks and coping mechanisms and access to programs. This was used by 7 schools of De La Salle Philippines in collecting data from their community barangays (please see attached file). The 2nd version of the ride questionnairewas used in data collection in 3 barangays in the City of Marikina namely Sto. Nino, Concepcion I and San Roque with about 15,000 total estimated households in the 3 barangays (please see attached file). Said questionnaire contains more items of information on the entrepreneurship module including facilitating factors and barriers to entrepreneurial activities.

Call for Proposal for Research Papers

To maximize the use of the datagathered from the selected CBMS sites in the Philippines, the PEP Asia-CBMS Network is calling for proposals from the faculty and researchers from the DLSU-Manila for research papers that will conduct a study on anyof the following (but not limited to) research questions focusing on providing social protection in the informal sector, and youth unemployment and entrepreneurship using CBMS data:

General Topic

Study should address specific research questions such as (but not limited to):

Modeling Risk Taking Behavior of Entrepreneurs

1. What are the factors that affect risk taking behavior of entrepreneurs?

2. What are the factors that facilitate the decision to undertake new ventures among entrepreneurs particularly youth entrepreneurs?

3. What facilitates the decision to be an entrepreneur?

4. What are the barriers for women to engage in entrepreneurship?

5. Are there differences in the types of risks being faced by male and female entrepreneurs particularly among the youth?

Fostering Inclusive Growth through Entrepreneurship

1. How do we measure impact of   entrepreneurship on inclusive growth?

2. Do youths who engage in entrepreneurship have better quality of life than those who are not?

Promoting Entrepreneurship to address Unemployment

1. How can entrepreneurship address youth unemployment?

2. What are the existing capacities of the labor force particularly the youth to engage in entrepreneurship?

3. What are the existing skills and/or knowledge gap among the labor force particularly among the youth to be an entrepreneur?

4. What types of youth oriented and labor-market initiatives would lead to employment creation for the youth?


Providing social protection in the informal sector

1. Are there existing gaps in terms of access to social protection among male and female workers in the informal sector?

2. What are the types of risks that male and female workers in the informal sector face?

3. What are the social protection programs available to those in the informal sector?

4. What reforms are necessary in the existing social protection programs to extend coverage to the informal sector?


Four (4) research grants amounting to a maximum of P 200,000 per research study will be provided to successful proponents from DLSU-Manila. Funding support amounting to P 400,000 will be provided by the PEP-CBMS Network through the PAGE Project while the DLSU-AKI will provide counterpart funding amounting to P 400,000 to finance the selected research studies. Deadline for submission of proposal is August 21, 2015. Complete final research papers of selected studies are expected to be submitted to the PEP Asia-CBMS Network by December 31, 2015.

For more information or inquiries, please contact Celia Reyes at celia.reyes@benilde.edu.ph or cbms.network@gmail.com, or Cristina Sevilla at cristina.sevilla@dlsu.edu.ph.   Proposals can be submitted to the CBMS Network Coordinating Team at celia.reyes@benilde.edu.ph, cbms.network@gmail.com, or at the AKI office at cristina.sevilla@dlsu.edu.ph