College of Liberal Arts

Parents Living with HIV/AIDS

(27 F U 1 05)

Dr. Robert Javier, Jr.
Psychology Department

This is an exploratory-descriptive research on the lives of mothers and fathers infected with the deadly virus, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The study employed the narrative interview method to generate stories of needs, concerns and experiences of parents living with HIV and the effects of chronic illness on their individual life as well as on their family affairs. The field researcher, a single person also positive with the virus used a set of guide questions to conduct interviews with 30 parents living with HIV. These parents were contacted through networking with local AIDS NGO's and their consent to disclose the diagnosis and to share their story was sought prior to the actual interview. Transcript of interviews were content-analyzed to form categories. Parents with HIV were in their early and middle adulthood. All the parents contracted the virus sexually while their children were infected through maternal-to-child transmission. Almost all of them acquired the virus abroad. Almost all the men infected their spouses. The deadly virus was detected upon the death of a partner in AIDS-related illness. Diagnosis of children was acquired as the mother was identified HIV-positive. Single parents with HIV retorted their difficulties in parenting alone as a consequence of the death of a spouse. HIV-positive parents were distressed by their own dying with the illness and were in a dilemma of disclosure. However challenged with the problems of daily living, these parents continue to be involved in the development of their children through their life course. Parenting their sons and daughters provides them with a sense of accomplishment as being mothers or being fathers. Yet, they were still silently in sorrow and grief while living with the socially stigmatized disease. Providing psychosocial care for afflicted children and individual psychotherapy for patients, parents and children with HIV will promote wellness in the family.

The Catholic Social Teachings and the University

(54 F U 3 06)

Dr. Ferdinand Dagmang
Theology and Religious Education Department

The task of disseminating/teaching the Catholic Social tradition within the University cannot skirt around the person and location of the academician/professor and the hearers' context and concerns. The academician's expertise, exposure to various disciplines, and especially the culture of research would, however, introduce a certain problematic with regard to the particular process of handing on a tradition to students. This problem/tension between dissemination and interpretation reflects the classic hermeneutic problem. Using some principles of interpretation, this article clarifies the task of a creative dissemination as essential to the handing on of Tradition. Teaching the Catholic Social Teaching tradition becomes not only transmitting content but also an involved and embedded process of passing on a meaningful and valuable heritage. This concern to disseminate a significant Catholic Social Teachings tradition within the University may entail the development of the following: 1) attention to students' social condition; 2) a more critically-informed social commitment; 3) the cultivation of an inter-disciplinary expertise and; 4) the nurturing of a deeper social awareness. All of these would enhance the process and exercise of relevant dissemination.

Preadoption Risk, Adoption Secrecy, and Family Functioning as Predictors of Adjustment of Filipino Adopted Children

(39 RP-D U/C 2 05)

Dr. Ma. Caridad Tarroja
Psychology Department

This study looks into the preadoption risk and postadoption factors (adoption secrecy and family functioning) that significantly predict the adjustment of 32 adopted children. Latent variable path analysis using partial least squares was employed to look into relationships among the latent variables and relationships between a latent variable and its indicators. Qualitative data and illustrative cases were likewise analyzed to look into variables that were deemed important factors in the adjustment of adopted children. The results consistently show that family functioning is the single important factor for Filipino adoptive families. Although no significant direct link exists between preadoption risk and adoption secrecy and adjustment of adopted children, adoption communication proves to be a significant predictor of family functioning.

The Politics of Ethnicity and Self-determination:
The Making and Unmaking of the Moro Secessionist Movement

(36 N 2 03)

Dr. Rizal G. Buendia
Political Science Department

This paper is another effort to examine the issue of Muslim separatism. However, unlike other approaches the study analyzes secessionism from the perspective of ethno politics. It brings in the ethnic factor in the conflict between the state and Muslims' quest to create their own nation-state.

It appraises the significance of the politics of ethnicity in strengthening and weakening of Muslims idea of Bangsamoro identity and how such identity serves a political purpose.

Using a hybrid framework which combines Paul Brass' and Abner Cohen's instrumentalist approach to ethnicity on the one hand and Michael Hechter's and Michael Banton's rational choice theory on the other hand, the paper argues that the complexity of the current separatist war is not simply due to the weakness of the state but also due to the weakness of the Bangsamoro identity and notion of nationhood. This frailty allows the state to co-opt leaders of the movement and sabotage their legitimate quest to self-governance and political autonomy.

The reinvention of the Moro struggle towards self-determination is likewise examined using the just-cause or remedial right theory of secession advocated by Allen Buchanan and Anthony Birch, among others. This part of the study argues that although Moro self-determination would not be a promising agenda due to the international community's effort to protect the state's territorial integrity, secessionism cannot be ruled out as long as the state fails to address the legitimate demands and grievances of Muslims to meaningful self-governance.

The study concludes that the threat of national disintegration will continue until an appropriate and responsive institutional framework for political governance which can accommodate Mindanao's social and ethnic diversity is determined. Hence, there is a need to lay emphasis on local good governance, the rule of law, improved civil-military relations, accountability of public officials for corruption, and human rights protection. To a large extent, these efforts will accelerate the early conclusion of conflict, hasten the process of peace building, and find a respectable and honorable final peace agreement between contenting forces. And more importantly, these would not only strengthen the Philippine nation-state but also considerably foster a cohesive national society.

Interreligious Dialogue Since Second Vatican Council: Retrospect and Prospect (In Response to the Call of FABC on Interreligious Dialogue)

(29 S U/C 2 04)

Dr. Ismael Maningas, Jr.
Theology and Religious Education Department

The last thirty years, have seen ample statements issued at FABC assemblies, seminars and two volumes of the collection of FABC documents from 1970-1991, from 1992-1996 and 1997-2001 published under the title "For All the Peoples of Asia" are calling for the Church to take seriously this agenda of dialogue. However, a serious and critical look at our churches here in Asia, would lead us to a conclusion that dialogue seems rather low in the priority list and there seems to be a gap between theory and practice as commented by Bishop Lawrence Thienchai Samanchi, D.D.

Bishop Lawrence Thienchai Samanchi noticed that part of the reasons for this gap and disparity is lack of formation and information on the new thrust of the Church in Asia. Many have no access to the post-Vatican II teachings about the Church's relation with other religions, in part because Church documents are sometimes too technical to be understood by the ordinary lay.

In this light, "The Resource Manual for Catholics in Asia Dialogue", edited by Franz-Josef Eilers, SVD, is an attempt to address the issue, however it only hopes to play a small role in the education and formation of persons for interreligious dialogue. For this reason, this book aims at giving a bigger role in the education and formation of persons for interreligious dialogue.