Straight and Ladderized Programs


18 April 2005

The following guidelines are promulgated to streamline and clarify policies and procedures regarding straight and ladderized programs:

Definition of terms

Straight program. The degree is only earned when the student finishes the program. In a straight doctoral program, for example, the PhD is only earned when all the requirements have been met.

Ladderized program. The lower degree is earned as soon as the required units for it have been earned. A student can only proceed to earn the higher degree if all the requirements for the lower degree have been met. In a BS-MS program, for example, the student receives the BS degree after satisfying all the BS components of the program. The ladderized program should be planned such that there is a clear distinction between the lower degree components and the higher degree components. As a matter of policy, therefore, all our Bachelor-Master programs should be ladderized, and not straight, to enable students who do not finish the entire program to earn a bachelor's degree.


Comparison of features

Particulars

Regular

Ladderized

Straight

Admission1

Per level

Per level

Once

ID Number2

Per level

Per level

One (1)

Tuition and other fees3

Per level

Per level

Masters

Advanced-level crediting4

Not allowed

Allowed

Allowed

Academic honors and awards5

Per level

Per level

Graduate level

Thesis/Dissertation requirement6

Per level

Per level

Dissertation only

Transcript of Records7

Per level

Per level

One (1)

Diploma8

Per level

Per level

One (1)

Notes:

1

Admission requirements, such as the entrance examination, are waived. Admission is for documentation purposes only.

2

A different ID number is necessary to create distinction in the student record system, for such purposes as the applicable tuition and fees and the generation of Transcript of Records.

3

In straight programs, the lower rates applicable for master's programs are used.

4

Students may take courses in a higher level in fulfillment of requirements for lower degree. A student in the bachelor's program, for example, is allowed to take master's courses to complete the number of units required in the bachelor's program, even as the same courses are also credited at the start of the master's program.

5

Students in ladderized programs are qualified to receive academic honors and awards both in the undergraduate and graduate level, following the criteria set for each level.

6

In ladderized programs, the thesis requirement, if any, should be fulfilled at each level.

7

Students in straight programs may not break down credits into master's and doctoral programs.

8

Students in straight programs receive one (1) diploma with the higher degree, earned under a straight program, indicated therein.