Health Bulletin: Ebola Infection

This information may be most useful to those who have recently traveled overseas or have had contact with people who recently came home from another country. Awareness on facts and symptoms of the viral disease is important, especially in light of the current outbreak in Africa.

Ebola is a severe, infectious, often fatal disease in humans and primates (monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees) caused by infection from the Ebola virus.

Factual Data:

Outbreaks of Ebola virus infection had been reported in June 2014 in Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. As of July 27, 2014, a total of 1,201 from African countries have been reported to have the disease, with 672 deaths. The Department of Health (DOH) reported that the Philippines is still Ebola-free but is strictly monitoring overseas workers who are returning to the country for signs and symptoms of the disease.

People who have Ebola infection may have some or all of these signs and symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Muscle and joint pains
  • Vomiting
  • Cough
  • Headaches
  • Stomach pai
  • Weakness
  • Tiredness
  • Rash
  • Sore throat
  • Diarrhea
  • Bleeding
  • Liver and kidney dysfunction

People who have a higher risk in acquiring Ebola infection:

The most at risk to contract Ebola infection are health care workers and laboratory workers who may be exposed to secretions and specimens from infected individuals. Family members and those in close contact with those who are sick can also become infected.

The infection spreads through close contact with:

  • Blood secretions
  • Organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals
  • Contaminated needles
  • Soiled linens by infected individuals
  • Direct contact with the body of a deceased person
  • y touching a surface or object that has flu virus on it and then touching his or her own

How to prevent it?
As there is no vaccine available yet, it is best to observe the following:

  • Avoid close contact with infected patients.
  • Avoid consumption of the raw meat of possible infected animals like fruit bats, monkeys or apes.
  • Wear gloves and appropriate personal protective equipment when taking care of ill patients at home.
  • Wash hands after visiting sick relatives in the hospital and after taking care of ill patients at home.

What to do when you have possible signs and symptoms?

If you develop any of the identified signs and symptoms, especially if you had been exposed to somebody with Ebola,you should consult your doctor immediately.

For additional information regarding Ebola infection, go to this link:


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Contact Information

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