NSO in tracking poverty
Development Research Center (SDRC) of De La Salle University-Manila
(DLSU-M) recently signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) with
the National Statistics Office (NSO) to help improve the methodology
of tracking poverty in the Philippines.
“Mapping and Tracking Poverty Through the Use of Non-Income
Poverty and Welfare Measures,” the MOA primarily aims to construct
non-income based poverty and welfare measures to be used in
monitoring poverty. By combining the results of NSO’s two
national surveys, namely the Family Income and Expenditures
Survey (FIES) and Annual Poverty Indicator Survey (APIS),
the joint project will be able to determine the poverty and
welfare status of Filipinos from 1997 to 2000.
The Family Income and Expenditures Survey estimates the poverty
incidence in the country, while the Annual Poverty Indicator
Survey attempts to assess the poverty situation of the Filipinos
using 23 minimum basic needs (mbn). Some of these minimum
basic needs are health, education, and welfare measures provided
by the government.
Dr. Exeltacion Lamberte, director of SDRC, believes that the
new agreement provides La Salle the opportunity to contribute
in giving poverty a new dimension which will hopefully lead
to a better understanding of its causes and effects.
Compared to the economists who view income as a measure of
poverty, the Center will view the issue on a non-income aspect
by highlighting the social capital and human resources in
A recent study shows that the poverty incidence in the country
increased from 31 per cent in 1997 to 34 percent in 2001.
Several factors such as the financial Asian currency crisis
in 1997 and political instability during the Estrada administration
are considered reasons for the increase. From the economists
viewpoint, it is the worldwide economic recession that bogged
the national economy down. On the other hand, social scientists
argue that the poverty in the Philippines is a byproduct of
the income and wealth inequalities in the country.
to dlsu home page