Scope Note:

“Poverty clearly is a matter of unmet human need.” (Source: Encyclopedia of Political Economy. HB 61 E54 1999. 2nd Floor, Information-Reference Section)

“Poverty means inability to secure the minimum consumption requirements for life, health and efficiency on account of insufficient income or property. These requirements include minimum human needs in respect of food, clothing, housing, education and health.” (Source: Dictionary of Economics. Kapur, Sudarshan Kumar. HB 61 K36 1997. 2nd Floor, Information-Reference Section)

Poverty is the “condition of receiving less income that the average individual or family, with no little or no prospect of increasing that income.” (Source: Dictionary of Business and Economics.  Ammer, Christine & Ammer, Dean S. HB 61 A45 1984. 2nd Floor, Information-Reference Section)

Broader Term:

  • Philippines – Economic conditions
  • Philippines – Social conditions
  • Poor – Philippines
  • Poor – Philippines – Pictorial works
  • Poor – Philippines – Religious aspects
  • Poverty – Government policy – Philippines
  • Poverty – Philippines
  • Poverty – Philippines – Statistics
  • Poverty – Philippines – Statistics – Periodicals
  • Poverty – Pictorial works
  • Poverty – Religious aspects
  • Poverty – Research
  • Poverty alleviation
  • Slums – Philippines
  • Urban poor – Philippines

Narrower Term:

  • Low income groups

Related Term:

  • Basic needs
  • Beggars
  • Destitution
  • Disadvantaged
  • Impoverishment
  • Legal aid
  • Less developed
  • Hardship
  • Homelessness
  • Hunger
  • Income distribution
  • Public assistance programs
  • Social change
  • Social classes
  • Social problems – Philippines
  • Subsistence economy
  • Survival Strategies
  • Vagrancy
  • Wealth


References and texts located at Filipiniana Section, 4th floor are:
Texts located at ADB Collection, Reference Section, 2nd floor are:

(Information-Reference Section, 2nd floor)

(Information-Reference Section, 2nd floor)


(Archives Section, 4th floor)

(Instructional Media Services, Ground floor)

(Cybernook, Ground floor, Graduate corners, 2nd and 3rd floors)

Human Resource Development and Poverty in the Philippines
[Retrieved June 25, 2007:]
"Operates within the premise that poverty incidence can be affected in two ways: first by improving educational service to increase the productive potential of marginalized sectors and second by providing employment and income opportunities for the poor to afford quality education in order to compete in the labor markets."

National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) - Poverty Statistics
[Retrived October 16, 2007]
Contains studies and statistics on Philippine poverty.

National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) - Estimation of Local Poverty in the Philippines
[Retrived October 16, 2007]
"This report is part of the output of the Poverty Mapping Project implemented by the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) with funding assistance from the World Bank ASEM Trust Fund. The methodology employed in the project combined the 2000 Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES), 2000 Labor Force Survey (LFS) and 2000 Census of Population and Housing (CPH) to estimate poverty incidence, poverty gap, and poverty severity for the provincial and municipal levels."

Poverty, Fertility Preferences and Family Planning Practice in the Philippines
[Retrieved October 16, 2007]
"This paper looks at the interaction of poverty, fertility preferences and family planning practice in the Philippines using the series of nationally representative family planning surveys". The study further reveals that "in the case of the Philippines, the larger number of children among the poor is more the result of poorer contractive practice rather than higher demand".

The World Bank - PovertyNet - Philippines
[Retrived October 16, 2007]
This websites provides an introduction to "key issues as well as in-depth information on poverty measurement, monitoring, analysis, and on poverty reduction strategies for researchers and practitioners."

Should you have comments or suggestions on this pathfinders, please call us at these telephone numbers, 536-0244, 524-4611 local 620 or email us through “Ask LORA”.

Compiled by: Mr. Wilfredo A. Frias Jr.
Date: October 2007