6th International Conference on Humanoid, Nanotechnology, Information Technology, Communication and Control, Environment, and Management 2013

HNICEM

Frontiers of Brain Machine Interface: Physical and Cognitive


Abstract

These are exciting time for the field of brain research, with huge initiatives (on part with the human genome program) to map and understand human brain underway worldwide. One of the major frontiers is the development of technology, computational and cognitive science concepts to develop the human brain-mind interface. This presentation will discuss the state of the art of neural interface technology, methods to analyze brain rhythms (from neurons to brain waves/EEG) and how they may be used to "control" prosthetic or robotic limbs. With considerable advances in the field of interface to the motor system, now it is also time to focus on sensory interface: how and what sensory information to provide to the brain? Finally, the over-riding brain-machine interface would be cognitive: what can we infer about human cognitive intent in the brain machine interface. I will present some open questions and challenges towards both physical and cognitive interfaces between brain and machines.

Biography

Prof. Nitish V. Thakor has been appointed as the Provost Chair Professor, National University of Singapore, and he now leads the SiNAPSE Institute sponsored by the University, Defence and A*STAR and focused on neurotechnology research and development. He is also a Professor of Biomedical Engineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Neurology at Johns Hopkins and directs the Laboratory for Neuroengineering.

Dr. Thakor's technical expertise is in the areas of neural diagnostic instrumentation, neural microsystem, neural signal processing, optical imaging of the nervous system, rehabilitation, neural control of prosthesis and brain machine interface.

He is the Director of a Neuroengineering Training program funded by the National Institute of Health. He has published 245 refereed journal papers, generated 11 patents, co-founded four companies, and carries out research funded mainly by the NIH, NSF and DARPA. He was the Editor in Chief of IEEE Transactions on Neural and Rehabilitation Engineering (2005-2011). He is currently the Editor in Chief of Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing from 2013.

Dr. Thakor is a recipient of a Research Career Development Award from the National Institutes of Health and a Presidential Young Investigator Award from the National Science Foundation, and is a Fellow of IEEE, the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering, Founding Fellow of the Biomedical Engineering Society, and International Federation of Medical and Biological Engineering. He has received 2011 Technical Achievement Award from IEEE and Distinguished Alumnus award from Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay and University of Wisconsin, Madison.