Bachelor of Science in Electronics and Communications Engineering (ECE)


The Gokongwei College of Engineering of De La Salle University has designed and offers a program in Electronics and Communications Engineering (ECE) in order to produce engineers with greater depth and breadth of knowledge of electronics. Graduates of this program can therefore easily adopt themselves completely into the various fields of electronics such as telecommunications, radio and TV broadcasting and other communications engineering technologies, industrial electronics and instrumentation, semiconductor applications and manufacture, systems analysis and controls engineering, and even in the software and hardware side of computer science and engineering.

The ECE Department offers elective courses that will initiate graduates into the more recent areas of digital signal processing; neural networks and fuzzy logic; VLSI technology and linear and nonlinear control theory; and fiber optics communications and digital communications.

ANACOMM  Communications Theory 1
3 units
This course discusses the basic principles of basic communication systems and modulation concepts and techniques.  It aims to equip the students with sufficient knowledge to evaluate the different parts of an analog communication system.
Pre-requisite: CONTSIG(H), ELETRO2(S), ELCIAN2(H)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC35(C), SIGTRAN(H), DIGCOMM(H)

BROACOU    Broadcast Engineering and Acoustics
3 units
This course covers the following topics: architectural acoustics, acoustic equations for use in sound treatment and sound reinforcement and general acoustics calculations. It also includes sound reinforcement, different types of loudspeakers and microphones. The broadcast engineering part of this course discusses Philippines’ radio and TV broadcasting standards in contrast to international standards, broadcast equipment, composite video and new technology in broadcasting.
Pre-requisite:SIGTRAN(H), DIGCOMM (H)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC59(C)

COCIFUN      Computer Circuit Fundamentals
3 units
This course presents the concepts of computer circuits and its applications.  The design of sequential state machine as control unit of data processor is emphasized.  The computer hardware and the corresponding assembly language will also be discussed.
Pre-requisite: LOGICIR(H), LBYEC31(H), INDELEC(S), LBYEC72(H)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC39(C)

COMSYDE    Communication Systems Design
3 units
This course presents a systems analysis approach to the design and development of communications systems.  The course provides the students the tools and knowledge to analyze and integrate the various aspects of communications.   The course is hands-on, with a project component serving as a vehicle for study of different communication techniques, architectures and implementations.
Pre-requisite: WIRLCOM (H)
Pre-requisite to: none

CONTSIG      Advanced Engineering Mathematics for ECE
3 units
This course is an introduction to continuous-time signal processing. Discussion begins with a brief overview of linear algebra and some techniques in determining the solution of a system of linear equations. Signals and systems Representation, Classification and Operation in the time-domain will be discussed. Frequency analysis tools like Fourier series and Fourier transform will be explained extensively. Applications such as modulation, multiplexing, sampling, and filtering will be included in the discussion to appreciate the theories and concepts of signal processing. Other continuous-time system representations such as Laplace and Hilbert transforms will be discussed. Finally, a short introduction of the design of analog filters will be given.
Pre-requisite: ENGIANA(H), ELCIAN1(S)
Pre-requisite to: ANACOMM(H), DISCSIG(H), FEECONT(S), NUMMETH(S)

DATCOMM    Data Communications
3 units
This course deals with the theory, technologies and techniques of data communications. Topics include network design, internet protocol, and other related topics.  The course aims to give insights how networks are structured and for the students to see the issues facing the design of data networks.
Pre-requisite: DIGCOMM (S)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC57 (C)

DIGCOMM    Digital Communications Theory
3 units
This subject provides an in-depth treatment on the conversion of analog signals to digital signals, the use and the transmission of digital signals in communication systems. This subject also includes topics in information theory, multiplexing method, fiber optic communications and telephony.
Pre-requisite: ANACOMM(H), ENGSTAT(H)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC38(C), WIRLCOM(H), DATCOMM(S), BROACOU(H)

DISCSIG      Discrete – Time Signal Processing
3 units
This course is a continuation to continuous-time signals and systems. It introduces the concepts and theories of discrete-time signals and systems.  Topics to be discussed include analysis and processing of discrete-time signals and systems in the time and frequency domain, design and implementation of finite impulse response and infinite impulse response filters, discrete–time Fourier transform, discrete Fourier transform, fast Fourier transform algorithms and applications.
Pre-requisite: CONTSIG(H), ENGSTAT(H), LBYEC72(H)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC51(H), THSEC11(H), LBYEC56(S)

ECESEMS    Seminars and Field Trip for ECE
2 unit
This course is a 2-unit course that is aimed at exposing the students to the facilities, operations and best practices of companies engaged in electronics, communications, manufacturing, power generation, information technologies, computer systems and other related industries.  The course also exposes the students to the advances in technologies and research areas by attending to several research dissemination forums and seminars.
Pre-requisite: none
Pre-requisite to: none

ECETHIC     ECE Laws, Contracts and Ethics
3 units
This course discusses several laws affecting the ECE Profession including the law on Obligations and Contracts as provided in the Civil Code of the Philippines. This course also covers professional ethics, general ethics, and the other moral and ethical standards that the professional must adhere to when discharging his duties. The topics are learned through lectures, film showing, brain storming and an ethics bowl.
Pre-requisite: none
Pre-requisite to: none

ELCIAN1     Electric Circuits 1
3 units
This course introduces the fundamental concepts, circuit laws, theorems and techniques used in electrical circuit analysis and transient analysis, as well as its application.   The course topics covered includes, a brief overview of topics covered in Physics 2 such as circuit elements, circuit variables, circuit parameters, resistors in series and in parallel, electrical energy and power, network reduction techniques, and Kirchhoff’s laws; cells and batteries; circuit analysis methods such as Mesh, Nodal, and Superposition; Thevenin’s and Norton’s equivalent circuits; transient analysis of the series RL and series RC circuits; and introductory concepts of alternating-current.  Use of MATLAB is suggested as computer analysis tool.  This is a foundation course that provides the students the tools and knowledge to analyze electric circuits, evaluate and discriminate the appropriate techniques.
Pre-requisite: ENGPHY2(H)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC11(C), CONTSIG(S), ELCIAN2(H), ELETRO1(H), LBYEC13(H), ELECMAG(H)

ELCIAN2     Electric Circuits
3 units
This course is designed to provide the ECE students with a continuation of the fundamental concepts discussed in ELCIAN1 and allows for an examination of electric circuit analysis in the frequency domain, sinusoidal-state operation, as applied to alternating-current(AC) circuits. It also covers topics on the applications of AC to resonance, passive filters and two-port networks. The students are expected to learn how to design frequency discriminating circuits for various applications. This course is intended to be the foundation course to communications engineering.
Pre-requisite: ELCIAN1(H)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC12(C), FEECONT(H), TRANMAC(H)

ELECMAG   Electromagnetic and Field Theory
3 units
This course focuses on the study of electromagnetics, which will lead to the study of its application to transmission lines, radiowave propagation, and antennas in the succeeding courses. This course covers Coulomb’s and Gauss’s Laws, Energy and Potential, Conductors, Dielectrics and Capacitance, Steady Magnetic Field, Maxwell’s equations and Plane Wave concepts.
Pre-requisite: ELCIAN1(H), VECANAL(S)
Pre-requisite to:  SIGTRAN (S)

ELETRO1     Basic Electronics
3 units
This course discusses the construction, operation and characteristics of basic electronic devices such as vacuum tube, PN junction diode, Light Emitting Diode, Zener diode, Bipolar Junction Transistor and Field Effect Transistor. Diode circuit applications such as clipper, clamper, voltage multiplier and switching diode circuits will be part of the lecture. Operation and design of a DC regulated power supply will be taught. The course also presents analysis and design of BJT and FET amplifier as well as switching transistor circuit.
Pre-requisite:  ELCIAN1(H)
Pre-requisite to:  LBYEC13(C), ELETRO2(H), LOGICIR(H)

ELETRO2     Electronic Circuit Analysis
3 units
The course covers the analysis and design of various small signal amplifier circuits such as cascaded amplifiers, cascode amplifiers and feedback amplifiers for both BJT and FET. Analysis of amplifiers covers the dc analysis, ac analysis and frequency response. Other topics to be discussed are large signal amplifier, RF amplifiers and Oscillator circuits.
Pre-requisite: ELETRO1(H)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC32(C), INDELEC(H)

FEECONT    Feedback and Control Systems
3 units
This course introduces the students to the theory and practice of control system engineering, emphasizing on classical control theory and covering fundamentals of modern control theory. The teaching approach will be both qualitative and quantitative. Various control systems will be discussed – emphasizing how the different system variables interact and how they affect system performance, qualitatively.
Pre-requisite: ELCIAN2(H), CONTSIG(S)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC33(C)

ICDESIG      HDL Modeling and IC Design Lecture
2 units
This course introduces the students to the concept of Digital Integrated Circuit design.  Continuation of previous course (Digital System Design) is first reviewed covering topics such as FPGA, Synthesis Issues and Selected Synopsys tools.  Design of digital integrated circuit using full custom approach then follows. This covers review of MOS transistors and its characteristics based on 0.25 micrometer technology. This is then followed by characterization of MOS circuits, capacitance issues, propagation delay, combinational logic circuit design, optimizing and sequential circuit design, subsystem design and memory cell. The course will also introduce students to the concept of CMOS analog circuit design. By the end of this course, the student should be able to design and characterize various CMOS circuits.
Pre-requisite: LBYEC53(S)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC61(C)

INDELEC     Industrial Electronics and Instrumentation
3 units
This course covers construction, characteristic and operation of the different types of thyristors and power switches that may be classified according to control, direction or latching capability. These industrial break-over devices may be utilized for power control or may be combined with other systems to provide a much better functional circuitry.   The course also integrates different electronic systems learned from the previous electronic subjects for the discussion on topics dealing with measurements, instrumentation, transducers, control elements and data acquisition systems.  It includes basic control devices such as mechanical or electromechanical switches and its integration to come up with a ladder diagram for industrial automation or control.
Pre-requisite: ELETRO2(H), LOGICIR(S)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC36(C), COCIFUN(S)

LBYEC11     Electric Circuits 1 Laboratory
1 unit
This course allows the students to verify the laws and theorems discussed in ELCIAN1 through experimentation and project construction.  The course topics include experimental determination of the characteristics of the different circuit configurations, electrical power, Ohm’s laws, Kirchhoff’s laws, Superposition, Thevenin’s equivalent circuit, maximum power transfer and AC circuits.  Designs of experiments are also included in this course.
Pre-requisite: LBYPH12(H), ELCIAN1(C)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC12(H)

LBYEC12     Electric Circuits 2 Laboratory
1 unit
This course allows the students to verify the laws and theorems discussed in ELCIAN2 through experimentation and project construction.  The course topics include experimental determination of the characteristics of AC circuits, resonant circuits and filters.  Also included in this course are designs of experiments.
Pre-requisite: ELCIAN2(C), LBYEC11(H)
Pre-requisite to:  LBYEC33(H), NUMMETH(H), LBYEC52(H)

LBYEC13     Basic Electronics Laboratory
1 unit
This course is the practical component of the subject ELEMECE that provides a practical venue for ECE students to understand the fundamental concepts in electronics.  It familiarizes them with the basic electronic components, devices and equipment.  It introduces the students to the basic electronic circuits such as rectifiers, regulator, amplifier and switching diode and transistor circuits.
Pre-requisite: LBYEC11(H), ELETRO1(C)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC31(S), LBYEC32(H), LBYEC37(H)

LBYEC31     Switching Theory Laboratory
1 unit
This course is the laboratory component of Switching Devices (LOGICIR). The laboratory experiments expose the student to the basic principles of digital logic and logic circuit design.  It covers both combinational and sequential logic circuits.
Pre-requisite: LBYEC13(S), LOGICIR(C)
Pre-requisite to: COCIFUN(H), LBYEC39(H)

LBYEC32     Electronics Circuits Analysis Laboratory
1 unit
The Laboratory experiments expose the students to the different responses and behavior of transistor circuits.  The course also includes analysis and design of amplifiers (class A, B, AB, C and D amplifiers, JFET and BJT amplifier circuits); AC small signal analysis of transistor circuits; RF amplifier; oscillators; multi-stage amplifier; feedback amplifier.
Pre-requisite: LBYEC13(H), ELETRO2(C)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC35(S), LBYEC36(H), LBYEC55(H)

LBYEC33     Feedback and Control Systems Laboratory
1 unit
This course introduces the students to the application of the theories and practice of control system engineering, emphasizing on classical control theory and covering fundamentals of modern control theory. The teaching approach is laboratory based and will be through numerical simulations using Matlab and Simulink.
Pre-requisite: LBYEC12(H), FEECONT (C)
Pre-requisite to: THSEC11(S), PRCEC11(S), LBYEC56(S), LBYEC51(S)

LBYEC34     ECE Computational Numerical Methods Laboratory
1 unit
ECE Computing and Numerical Methods Laboratory. This is the laboratory component of the ECE Computing and Numerical Methods lecture. In addition to the topics discussed in the lecture, an introduction to Matlab or Scilab programming is given.  Coverage will be numerical methods and other mathematical topics using computer-based solution techniques such as but not limited to approximation and errors, numerical solutions of linear and non-linear systems of equations, numerical differentiation and integration, curve fitting, eigenvalues and eigenvectors and solutions to ordinary differential equations.
Pre-requisite: NUMMETH(C)
Pre-requisite to: none

LBYEC35     Communications Theory 1 Laboratory
1 unit
In this laboratory course, the student obtains hands-on experience on the application of the theoretical concepts of analog signals and analog communication systems introduced in the lecture course Electronic Communications Theory I (ANACOMM).  In studying signals, the students will expand their knowledge in the use of the oscilloscope and will be introduced to the use of the frequency analyzer (FFT-capable digital storage oscilloscopes), spectrum analyzers, and the arbitrary waveform generators.  Amplitude Modulation (AM) and Angle Modulation systems will be studied in detail.
Pre-requisite: LBYEC32(S), ANACOMM(C)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC38 (H)

LBYEC36     Industrial Electronics Laboratory

1 unit
This course allows the student to experiment on circuits involving the different types of thyristors and other power switches.  It includes some basic transducers and sensor with the appropriate signal conditioning circuits for proper data acquisition. The last experiment teachers the student how to implement a relay logic diagram
Pre-requisite: LBYEC32(H), INDELEC(C)
Pre-requisite to: THSEC11(S), LBYEC53(S), LBYEC56(S), PRCEC11(S)

LBYEC37    Transmission of Signals Laboratory
1 unit
In this laboratory course, the students perform experiments on the application of the theoretical concepts of signal transmission on different media, particularly air and metallic conductors, introduced in the lecture course Transmission of Signals (SIGTRAN). Experiments in this course involve the use of several antenna system trainers, transmission lines and different antenna feeding techniques. The course requires the students to design an antenna system.
Pre-requisite: SIGTRAN(C), LBYEC13(H)
Pre-requisite to: none

LBYEC38     Digital Communication Laboratory
1 unit
This Laboratory course will enhance the students’ understanding of digital communication system with the use of Matlab and Simulink through its signal processing toolbox, communication blockset and instrument control toolbox. Exercises will be focused on source coding, channel coding, modulation/demodulation, synchronization and Channel distortion.
Pre-requisite: DIGCOMM(C), LBYEC35(H)
Pre-requisite to: THSEC11(S), LBYEC53(S), LBYEC56(S), LBYEC57(H), PRCEC11(S)

LBYEC39     Computer Circuit Fundamentals Laboratory
1 unit
This course is the practical component of the subject COCIRFU.  It will provide the different applications of microprocessor and micro-controller. The assembly language programming concepts will use DEBUG (DOS debugger), Netwide Assembler (NASM) and EMU8086 software tools for simulations and programming.
Pre-requisite: LBYEC31(H), COCIFUN(C)
Pre-requisite to: THSEC11(S), LBYEC53(S), PRCEC11(S)

LBYEC51     Discrete – Time Signal Processing Laboratory
1 unit
This laboratory course will enhance the students’ understanding of linear system and signal processing with the use of computers in the form of laboratory exercises and computer-based project. There will be six demonstrations and six laboratory exercises that focus on the following topics: Matlab programming, discrete-time signal and system generation, operation and visualization, time to frequency and frequency to time conversion, time-frequency representation, and design of filters.
Pre-requisite: DISCSIG(H), LBYEC39(S), LBYEC33(S)
Pre-requisite to: none

LBYEC52     Energy Conversion Laboratory
1 unit
This course allows the students to verify the laws and theorems discussed in TRANMAC through experimentation and project construction.  The course topics include experimental determination of the characteristics of three-phase circuits, magnetism and magnetic fields, transformers, DC generators, and DC motors. Designs of experiments are also included in this course.
Pre-requisite: TRANMAC(C), LBYEC12(H)
Pre-requisite to:  none

LBYEC53     Digital Systems Design Laboratory
1 unit
This course will give the student the opportunity to design and implement hands-on, digital circuits and systems such as combinational and sequential logic circuits.  It will also provide the students an introduction to real-world design methodology and practice as well as design issues that need to be addressed.
Pre-requisites: LBYEC36(S), LBYEC38(S), LBYEC39(S)
Pre-requisite to: ICDESIG(S)

LBYEC54     Analog Systems Design Laboratory
1 unit
The course covers concepts involving the design and implementation of analog electronic systems. The students will be involved in doing electronic projects applying design principles and tools from problem specification to prototyping to testing.
Pre-requisite:  LBYEC36(S)
Pre-requisite to: none

LBYEC55     Mixed Signal Electronics Laboratory
1 unit
This course is the laboratory component of Mixed Signal Electronics focusing on the hands-on experience in learning the operation and application of operational amplifiers and other linear integrated circuits.
Pre-requisite: LBYEC32(H), MISIGEL(C)
Pre-requisite to: none

LBYEC56     Computer Applications Laboratory
1 unit
This course presents computer applications laboratory for the field of Electronics and Communications Engineering.
Pre-requisite: DISCSIG(S), LBYEC33(S), LBYEC36(S), LBYEC38(S)
Pre-requisite to: none

LBYEC57     Data Communications Laboratory
1 unit
In this laboratory course, the student obtains hands-on experience on the application of the theoretical concepts of data transmission systems introduced in the lecture course Data Communications (DATCOMM).  This laboratory course involves experiments on technologies and techniques in data communications. Topics include PC-PC communications, wireless data transmission and other related topics.  The course aims to give the students a hands-on experience on how data are processed, transmitted and received.
Pre-requisite: DATCOMM(C), LBYEC38(H)
Pre-requisite to: none

LBYEC58      Wireless Communications Laboratory
1 unit
In this laboratory course, the student obtains hands-on experience on the application of the theoretical concepts in wireless communication technologies and techniques introduced in the lecture course Wireless Communications (WIRLCOM). In studying wireless technologies, the students will have a practical experience on the use of microwave devices, test and measurement equipment. Experiments involve the use of microwave oscillators, microwave power meters, variety of waveguides and other passive and active microwave devices. The course also requires the students to design a microwave communication system.
Pre-requisite:  WIRLCOM(C), LBYEC37(H), LBYEC38(H)
Pre-requisite to: none

LBYEC59      Broadcast Engineering and Acoustics Laboratory
1 unit
In this laboratory course, the students obtain hands-on experience on the practical aspects of the theoretical concepts of broadcast engineering and acoustics introduced in the lecture course Broadcast Engineering and Acoustics (BROACOU). The experiments involve sound level meter, loudspeakers, microphones, sound cancellation and reinforcement.  It also involves audio recording and mixing. The broadcast engineering part covers AM and FM antenna design.
Pre-requisite: BROACOU(C)
Pre-requisite to: none

LBYEC61      HDL Modeling and IC Design Laboratory
1 unit
This course aims to teach students how to design and characterize various CMOS circuits.  It covers the design and characterization of MOS inverter circuits, logic gates, pass transistors, latches and flip flops. The 2nd half of the course covers IC layout and IC design rules. By the end of the course, the student is expected to be able to design, characterize and draw the geometric layout of a CMOS circuit.
Pre-requisite: ICDESIG(C)
Pre-requisite to: none

LOGICIR        Switching Devices
3 units
This course presents principles and concepts of digital logic and logic circuit design. It covers both combinational logic and sequential logic circuit design.  In the course, the student is expected to synthesize logic problems, design, analyze and optimize logic circuit.
Pre-requisite: ELECTRO1(H)
Pre-requisite to: COCIFUN(H), LBYEC31(C), INDELEC(S)

MEREECE     Methods of Research for ECE
1 unit
This course is a thesis writing course. It covers the different methods of research, techniques of finding the right topic and literature review and all the other parts of the thesis document. The copyright and other Intellectual property issues are also discussed.
Pre-requisite:  ENGLRES(H), ANACOMM(S), INDELEC(S)
Pre-requisite to: THSEC11(H)

MISIGEL       Mixed Signal Electronics
3 units
This course covers operational amplifiers and their applications, as well as instrumentation and measurements.
Pre-requisite: ELECTRO2(H), LBYEC31(H), LBYEC32(H)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC55(C)

NUMMETH   ECE Computational Numerical Methods
3 units
This course will cover numerical methods and other mathematical topics using computer-based solution techniques. Topics to be discussed include approximation and errors, numerical solutions of linear and non-linear systems of equations, numerical differentiation and integration, numerical solutions of ordinary and partial differential equations, curve fitting, regression analysis and probability. Students will be able to synthesize algorithms in specifying the methods of solutions for different engineering applications, and can evaluate proposed solutions and come up with critical judgment to determine the validity of these solutions.
Pre-requisite: LBYEC12(H), CONTSIG(S)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC34(C)

PRCEC11       Practicum for ECE
2 units
This course provides the students exposure to actual technical applications of the knowledge and skills they have learned in the classrooms and laboratories.  The on-the-job training would provide the students valuable insights to various operations, processes, techniques and controls presently used in the industry.  This course would also impress to the students the importance of human relations in the workplace.
Pre-requisite: LBYEC39(S), LBYEC33(S), LBYEC36(S), LBYEC38(S), PERSEF2(H)
Pre-requisite to: none

SIGTRAN       Transmission of Signals
3 units
The course includes a detailed study of transmission line, its electrical model, the important parameters and characteristics that describe its operation.  The study includes the nature and behavior of radio waves as they propagate through free space and other mediums.  This will also include the basic principles of operation of antenna a systems and the accompanying properties. 
Pre-requisite:ANACOMM(H), ELECMAG(S)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC37(C), BROACOU(H)

TRANMAC    Energy Conversion
3 units
This course covers the principles of balanced and unbalanced three-phase circuits, magnetic circuits, transformers, energy transforming machines, and DC and AC electro-mechanical energy converting machines.  In this course the students would be exposed to the different operational characteristics of electrical machines and their application.  They would be able to understand the constructions and operations of various types of electro-mechanical converting machines and they would be able to describe how electrical machines behave under different operating conditions and applications.
Pre-requisite: ELCIAN2(H)
Pre-requisite to:  LBYEC52(C)

THSEC11       ECE Project 1
1 unit
THSEC11 is the first among 3 stages of thesis project in which the students are expected to form thesis groups and choose the most appropriate thesis topic that is best suited for the capability and interest of the thesis members.
Pre-requisite: LBYEC33(S), LBYEC36(S), LBYEC38(S), LBYEC39(S), DISCSIG(H), MEREECE(H)
Pre-requisite to: THSEC12(H)

THSEC12       ECE Project 2
1 unit
THSEC12 is an intermediary course for THSEC13. The course aims the thesis groups to focus on the construction, development and evaluation of their work or prototype. Students are required to submit a progress report to their thesis adviser at least once a month.
Pre-requisite: THSEC11(H)
Pre-requisite to: THSEC13(H)

THSEC13       ECE Project 3
1 unit
THSEC13 is the final stage of the thesis project. The students are expected to finish the remaining 10% of the prototype, to complete the rest of the document, and to comply with all the requirements such as passing the defense, joining the forum and participating in the exhibit.
Pre-requisite: THSEC12(H)
Pre-requisite to: none

VECANAL     Vector Analysis
3 units
This course introduces the students to the mathematical principles needed for the study of electrical and electronics engineering. Some of the basic mathematical concepts learned by the students will now be extended to higher dimension. These include vector and tensor algebra, geometry of curves and surfaces, vector functions of several variables, potential theory, and basic concepts of differential geometry. The student will be able to identify applicable method of solution in solving problems involving vectors, vector-valued functions and their processes including differentiation, integration, gradient, divergence, and curl.
Pre-requisite: INTECAL(H)
Pre-requisite to: ELECMAG(S)

WIRLCOM     Wireless Communications
3 units
This subject deals with the theory, technologies and techniques of microwave communications.  Topics include different modes of propagation, waveguide cavity resonators, passive and active microwave devices, terrestrial microwave communications systems, and the analysis and transmission calculations are studied in detail for different microwave communication systems. An additional topic in this course is about electronic navigation systems.
Pre-requisite: DIGCOMM(H), SIGTRAN(H)
Pre-requisite to: LBYEC58(C), COMSYDE(H)